You are here » home advanced search search results Eirenis coronella

Eirenis coronella (SCHLEGEL, 1837)

IUCN Red List - Eirenis coronella - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Eirenis coronella?

Add your own observation of
Eirenis coronella »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesEirenis coronella coronella (SCHLEGEL 1837)
Eirenis coronella fennelli ARNOLD 1982
Eirenis coronella ibrahimi SIVAN & WERNER 2003 
Common NamesE: Crowned Dwarf Racer
G: Krönchen-Zwergnatter 
SynonymCalamaria coronella SCHLEGEL 1837: 48
Homalosoma (Pediophis) coronella — FITZINGER 1843
Homalosoma coronella — JAN 1862
Eirenis fasciatus JAN 1863 (fide FRANZEN & GLAW 2007: 251)
Ablabes coronella — BOETTGER 1880: 140
Contia brevicauda NIKOLSKY 1907: 298
Contia coronella — WALL 1908: 802
Contia coronella — BOULENGER 1920
Eirenis coronella coronella — SCHMIDT 1939
Eirenis brevicauda — SCHMIDT 1939
Eirenis coronella fraseri SCHMIDT 1939
Eirenis arabica HAAS 1961
Eirenis arabica — CORKILL & COCHRANE 1966
Eirenis coronella — BARAN 1978
Eirenis (Pediophis) coronella — NAGY et al. 2004
Eirenis coronella — WALLACH et al. 2014: 257

Eirenis coronella fennelli ARNOLD 1982
Eirenis coronella fennelli — MAHLOW et al. 2013

Eirenis coronella ibrahimi SIVAN & WERNER 2003
Eirenis coronella ibrahimi — MAHLOW et al. 2013 
DistributionS Turkey, Jordan, Syria, Egypt (Sinai), Iraq, W Iran, N/NE Saudi Arabia, Israel

coronella: Iran, Syria, Israel; Type locality: Syria (restricted by SCHMIDT 1939)

fennelli: Saudi Arabia; Type locality: Khulays, 22°09'N, 39°19'E, 150 m elevation.

ibrahimi: Egypt (Sinai); Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesNeotypes: HUJ 8410, designated by SIVAN & WERNER (2003)
Holotype: ZSM 1928/0, adult [Eirenis fasciatus]
Holotype: I-IUJ-R 8645, Adult male [ibrahimi] 
CommentType species: Calamaria coronella Schlegel, 1837 is the type species of the subgenus Pediophis FITZINGER 1843. The subgeneric allocation of this species remains unclear because NAGY et al. (2004) did not have any DNA available for analysis, but they speculate that it probably belongs to Pediophis.

Synonymy: partly after ARNOLD 1982. Homalosoma coronelloides JAN 1862 has been synonymized with this species previously.

Diagnosis (fennelli): An apparently isolated population of Eirenis coronella distinguished from those to the north and east by larger adult size, much more robust build when mature and distinctive dorsal pattern: the series of mainly regular narrow, transverse bands across the dorsum that is found elsewhere is broken into staggered blotches or bars. Also the frontal scale is relatively small, its length usually being about equal to its distance from the snout tip and not distinctly longer as is typical of other populations [ARNOLD 1982; see Sivan & Werner 2003 for an alternative diagnosis].

Distribution: See map in Sivan & Werner 2003: Fig. 2 
EtymologyEtymology (fennelli): Named after the late Mr and Mrs F. Fennell who collected one of the paratypes and encouraged the collection of more.
E. c. ibrahimi has been named after Dr. Adel A. Ibrahim of the Suez Canal University, North Sinai, Egypt, in recognition of his continual painstaking contribution to the knowledge of the herpetofauna of Sinai. 
References
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see http://goo.gl/81SBPv]
  • Arnold E N 1982. Reptiles of Saudi Arabia. A new semaphore gecko (Pristurus: Gekkonidae) and a new dwarf snake (Eirenis: Colubridae) from southwestern Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 4: 468-477
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Baran, I. 1982. Zur Taxonomie der Schlangen in Südost- und Ost-Anatolien. Spixiana 5 (1): 51-59 - get paper here
  • Baran,I. 1978. Some rare species of snakes from Turkey. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums, Wien 81 [1977]: 261-265 - get paper here
  • Berger-Dell'mour, H. 1986. Zur Herpetofauna des Golan [Syria]. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. in Wien (Ser. B) 87: 59-67. - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. [as O. Böttger] 1880. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien, Palaestina und Cypern. Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., Frankfurt/M., 1879-1880: 132-219 - get paper here
  • Corkill, N. L. and Cochrane, J. A. 1966. The snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 62 (3): 475-506 (1965) - get paper here
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Egan, D. 2007. Snakes of Arabia. Motivate Publishing, Dubai, 208 pp.
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Goldberg, S.R., Schwarz, R., Jamison, S. & Maza, E. 2017. Eirenis coronella (Crowned Dwarf Racer) Reproduction. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 672-673.
  • Goldberg, Stephen R., Bursey, Charles R., Schwarz, Rachel, Jamison, Simon and Maza, Erez 2017. Eirenis coronella (Crowned Dwarf Racer) Endoparasites Herpetological Review 48 (1): 210-211 - get paper here
  • Haas G. and Werner, Y. L. 1969. Lizards and snakes from Southwestern Asia, collected by Henry Field. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138: 327-406. - get paper here
  • Haas, G. 1961. On a collection of Arabian reptiles. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 36:19-28.
  • Jan, G. 1862. Enumerazione sistematico delle specie d'ofidi del gruppo Calamaridae. Arch. Zool., Anat. Fisiol., 2: 1-76. - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 13. Livraison. [Homalosoma mite]. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Mahlow, Kristin; Frank Tillack, Josef Friedrich Schmidtler & Johannes Müller 2013. An annotated checklist, description and key to the dwarf snakes of the genus Eirenis Jan, 1863 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae), with special emphasis on the dentition. Vertebrate Zoology 63 (1): 41–85 - get paper here
  • Mertens, Robert 1924. Amphibien und Reptilien aus dem nördlichen Mesopotamien. Abh. Ber. Mus. Magdeburg 3: 349-390
  • Nagy, Z.T., J.F. Schmidtler, U. Joger & M. Wink 2003. Systematik der Zwergnattern (Reptilia: Colubridae: Eirenis) und verwandter Gruppen anhand von DNA-Sequenzen und morphologischen Daten Salamandra 39 (3-4): 149-168 - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1907. Reptiles et amphibiens recueillis (part.) M. N. A. Zarudny en Perse en 1903-1904 [in Russian and Latin]. Ann. Mus. Zool. Acad. Imp. Sci., St. Petersburg 10 [1905]: 260-301 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Schätti B. & Monsch, P. 2004. Systematics and phylogenetic relationships of Whip snakes (Hierophis Fitzinger) and Zamenis andreana Werner 1917 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubrinae). Rev. Suisse Zool. 111 (2): 239-256 - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Descriptive. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum), 606 S. + xvi - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler, J.J. & Schmidtler,J. F. 1978. Eine neue Zwergnatter aus der Türkei; mit einer Übersicht über die Gattung Eirenis (Colubridae,Rept.). Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 81: 383-400 - get paper here
  • SHWAYAT, SUHA N.; AHMAD M. DISI & ZUHAIR S. AMR 2009. Snakes of the genus Eirenis in Jordan (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae). Vertebrate Zoology 59 (1): 91-101 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554.
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Riccardo Nincheri, Benedetto Lanza 2014. Catalogue of Arabian reptiles in the collections of the “La Specola” Museum, Florence. Scripta Herpetologica. Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles in honour of Benedetto Lanza: pp. 137-164 - get paper here
  • Sivan, N. & Werner, Y.L. 2003. Revision of the middle-eastern dwarf-snakes commonly assigned to Eirenis coronella (Colubridae). Zoology in the Middle East 28: 39-59 - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Wall,F. 1908. Notes on a collection of snakes from Persia. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 795-805 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Eirenis&species=coronella

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.



Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator