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Eirenis medus (CHERNOV, 1940)

IUCN Red List - Eirenis medus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common Names 
SynonymContia meda CHERNOV 1940
Ablabes fasciatus JAN 1863 — BOETTGER 1880: 142 ??
Contia fasciata BOULENGER 1886
Ablabes fasciatus — NIKOLSKY 1897: 335
Eirenis medus — SCHMIDTLER & SCHMIDTLER 1978
Eirenis medus — SZCZERBAK 2003
Eirenis (Pediophis) medus — NAGY et al. 2004
Eirenis medus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 259 
DistributionS Turkmenistan, NE Iran

Type locality: near Ashkhabad, Turkmenistan Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesSyntypes, none designated, present location unknown 
CommentThe author is sometimes spelled “Tschernov” or “Tchernov”. The year has also been given as 1949.

Similar species: Has been confused with E. fasciatus and E. coronella. Specimens from Kerman province, Iran, previously assigned to E. medus, have been described as E. kermanensis. 
  • Boettger, O. [as O. Böttger] 1880. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien, Palaestina und Cypern. Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., Frankfurt/M., 1879-1880: 132-219 - get paper here
  • Chernov, S.A. 1940. In Terentyev, P.V., and S.A. Chern ov. Opredelitel Presmykayushchikhsya i Zemmovodnykh. Moscow
  • Mahlow, Kristin; Frank Tillack, Josef Friedrich Schmidtler & Johannes Müller 2013. An annotated checklist, description and key to the dwarf snakes of the genus Eirenis Jan, 1863 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae), with special emphasis on the dentition. Vertebrate Zoology 63 (1): 41–85 - get paper here
  • Nagy, Z.T., J.F. Schmidtler, U. Joger & M. Wink 2003. Systematik der Zwergnattern (Reptilia: Colubridae: Eirenis) und verwandter Gruppen anhand von DNA-Sequenzen und morphologischen Daten Salamandra 39 (3-4): 149-168 - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1897. Les reptiles, amphibiens et poissons recueillis (part.) Mr. N. Zaroudny dans la Perse orientale [in Russian]. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg 2: 306-348 - get paper here
  • Rajabizadeh, Mahdi 2013. Biodiversity of the snakes in northern and western mountains of Iran, with special emphasis on biodiversity in colubroids. Thesis, U Gent, VI + 227 pp. - get paper here
  • Rajabizadeh, Mehdi; Josef F. Schmidtler, Nikolai Orlov,Gholamreza Soleimani 2012. Review of Taxonomy and Distribution of the Eirenis medus group (Chernov, 1940) (Ophidia: Colubridae) with Description of a New Species of the Genus Eirenis from Kerman Province, Southeastern Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (4): 307-313 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Schmidtler, J.J. & Schmidtler,J. F. 1978. Eine neue Zwergnatter aus der Türkei; mit einer Übersicht über die Gattung Eirenis (Colubridae,Rept.). Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 81: 383-400 - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Terent'ev, P. V. and Chernov, S. A. 1965. Key to amphibians and reptiles. 3rd edition. Translated from Russian. Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd., Jerusalem.
  • Terentjew & Chernov 1949. Opredelitel Presmykatushchikhsya i Zemnovodnykh. [Encyclopedia of reptiles and amphibians, in Russian]. Moscow
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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