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Elaphe hodgsoni (GÜNTHER, 1860)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: English common name not available
G: Hodgsons Kletternatter 
SynonymSpilotes hodgsonii GÜNTHER 1860: 156
Compsosoma hodgsonii — GÜNTHER 1864: 246
Compsosoma hodgsoni — STOLICZKA 1870: 189
Coluber hodgsoni - BOULENGER 1890: 332
Coluber hodgsonii — BOULENGER 1894: 35
Elaphe hodgsoni SHAW 1939
Elaphe hodgsoni — SMITH 1943: 152
Elaphe hodgsoni — DAS 1996: 56
Gonyosoma hodgsoni — WALLACH 1997
Elaphe hodgsoni — VOGEL 2002 (pers. comm.)
Orthriophis hodgsonii — UTIGER et al. 2002
Elaphe hodgsoni — SHARMA 2004
Elaphe hodgsonii — ZHAO 2006
Martinekea hodgsoni — HOSER 2012 (preliminary)
Ortriophis hodgsoni — KÄSTLE et al. 2013: 515 (in error)
Orthriophis hodgsonii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 512
Elaphe hodgsoni — CHEN et al. 2017 
DistributionNepal, India (Sikkim, Assam, Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh),
China (Xizang = Tibet), elevation 1500-5000 m

Type locality: China: Ladakh (Günther, 1860); Tibet: Ladakh, Tsomoriri (Boulenger 1894)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.1.6.15 
CommentDistribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). 
References
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Chen, X., Lemmon, A.R., Lemmon, E.M., Alexander Pyron, R., Burbrink, F.T. 2017. Using phylogenomics to understand the link between biogeographic origins and regional diversification in ratsnakes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1860. Contributions to a knowledge of the reptiles of the Himalaya mountains. - I. Descriptions of the new species. II. List of Himalayan reptiles, with remarks on their horizontal distribution. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1860: 148-175 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2012. A taxonomic revision of the Colubrinae genera Zamenis and Orthriophis with the creation of two new genera (Serpentes: Colubridae). Australasian J. Herpetol. 11: 59-64 - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Kramer, E. 1977. Zur Schlangenfauna Nepals. Rev. suisse Zool., 84 (3): 721-761. - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Nanhoe, L.M.R., & Ouboter, P.E. 1987. The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in the Annapurna-Dhaulagiri region (Nepal). Zoologische Verhandelingen (240): 1-105 - get paper here
  • Saikia, U.; Sharma, D.K. & Sharma, R.M. 2007. Checklist of the Reptilian fauna of Himachal Pradesh, India. Reptile Rap (8): 6-9 - get paper here
  • Schulz, K. D. 1996. Eine Monographie der Schlangengattung Elaphe Fitzinger. Bushmaster, Berg (CH): 1-460
  • Schulz, K.-D. 1986. Die hinterasiatischen Kletternattern der Gattung Elaphe, Teil 6 - Elaphe hodgsoni (GÜNTHER, 1860). Sauria 8 (3): 29-30 - get paper here
  • Schulz, Klaus-Dieter 1990. Literature: Die hinterasiatischen Kletternattern der Gattung Elaphe. Teil 6: Elaphe hodgsoni (Gunther, 1860). Litteratura Serpentium 10 (6): 269-270 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Stoliczka, F. 1870. Observations on some Indian and Malayan Amphibia and Reptilia. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 39: 134-228. - get paper here
  • Utiger, Urs, Notker Helfenberger, Beat Schätti, Catherine Schmidt, Markus Ruf and Vincent Ziswiler 2002. Molecular systematics and phylogeny of Old World and New World ratsnakes, Elaphe Auct., and related genera (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124. - get paper here
  • Wallach, V. 1997. A monograph of the colubrid snakes of the genus Elaphe Fitzinger (book review). Herpetological Review 28 (2): 110 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Whitaker, Romulus<br />and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
  • Zhao Ermi; Li Shengquan 1987. The herpetofaunal composition and characteristics of Mount Namjagbarwa, Tibet. Acta Herpetologica Sinica 6 (2): 36-42 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
 
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