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Elaphe schrenckii STRAUCH, 1873

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Amur Ratsnakes, Siberian Ratsnake
G: Amurnatter 
SynonymElaphis Schrencki STRAUCH 1873
Coluber schrenkii — BOULENGER 1894: 48
Coluber virgatus BOETTGER 1898: 51 (fide STEJNEGER 1907)
Elaphe schrenckii — STEJNEGER 1907: 313
Elaphe schrenckii schrenckii POPE 1935
Elaphe schrencki — SCHULZ 1996: 235
Elaphe schrenckii — UTIGER et al. 2002
Elaphe schrenki — BURBRINK & LAWSON 2007 (in error)
Elaphe shrenki — BURBRINK & LAWSON 2007 (in error)
Elaphe schrenckii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 263 
DistributionRussia (Amur River Basin of Siberia, Primorskiy Territory),
Korea, N/C China (Jehol, Hopei, Shansi), E Mongolia

Type locality: Russia: Hinggan Mountains, Strauch, 1873 Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: ZISP (ZIL) 3706 (orig. 415), a 1950 mm specimen (L. von Schrenck, 1856), designated by Maki, 1931a: 101. 
CommentHybridization: Elaphe schrenckii may interbreed with Elaphe climacophora and produce fertile offspring, which appears to resemble Elaphe taeniura (Claudia Holzhammer, pers. comm). Treu (2008) reports hybridization between E. schrenckii and Zamenis longissimus although it is not known whether the offspring is fertile.

Elaphe schrenckii anomala BOULENGER 1916 has been elevated to valid species status. 
EtymologyNamed after Leopold von Schrenck (1826-1894), Russian Naturalist. 
References
  • Adnagulov E.V. 2016. On the distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the Evreiskaya Autonomous Oblast' (Russia). [in Russian] Current Studies in Herpetology, 16(3/4): 87–106 - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Beusichem, Richard van 1999. Succesful breeding of the Russian rat snake (Elaphe schrencki schrencki). Litteratura Serpentium 19 (3): 75-77 - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1898. Katalog der Reptilien-Sammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt/M. 2.Teil (Schlangen). Frankfurt/M (Gebr. Knauer), i-ix + 1-160. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. A list of the reptiles and batrachians of Amoorland [Russia]. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5: 137-144 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Helfenberger, Notker 2001. Phylogenetic relationship of Old World Ratsnakes based on visceral organ topography, osteology, and allozyme variation. Russ. J. Herpetol. (Suppl.): 1-56 - get paper here
  • Jongh, J. de 1989. Breeding results: Elaphe schrenckii. Litteratura Serpentium 9 (6): 274 - get paper here
  • Kharin V E 2011. Annotated catalogue of amphibians and reptiles (Amphibia, Reptilia) of the Far-Eastern Marine Biosphere FEB RAS [in Russian]. Biodiversity and Environment of Far East Reserves, Vladivostok, DVMBGPZ DVO RAN 2011 (1): 30-48
  • Langeveld, C.M. (Koert) 1994. The captive care and breeding of the Amur ratsnake, Elaphe schrencki schrencki (Strauch 1873) and the Southern Amur ratsnake, Elaphe schrencki anomala (Boulenger 1916). Litteratura Serpentium 14 (5): 134-141 - get paper here
  • LEE, Jung-Hyun; Daesik PARK 2011. Spatial Ecology of Translocated and Resident Amur Ratsnakes (Elaphe schrenckii) in Two Mountain Valleys of South Korea. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (4): 223–229 - get paper here
  • Lee, Jung-Hyun; Daesik Park, and Ha-Cheol Sung 2012. Large-Scale Habitat Association Modeling of the Endangered Korean Ratsnake (Elaphe schrenckii). Zoological Science 29 (5): 281-285. - get paper here
  • Lenk, P.; Joger, U. & Wink, M. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships among European ratsnakes of the genus Elaphe Fitzinger based on mitochondrial DNA sequence comparisons. Amphibia-Reptilia 22 (3): 329-339 - get paper here
  • Ma J; Zong Y 1984. A new species of the genus Elaphe - Elaphe maculata [in Chinese]. Acta Herpetologica Sinica 3 (3): 59-60 - get paper here
  • Pope, CLIFFORD H. 1935. The Reptiles of China. Turtes, Crocodilians, Snakes, Lizards. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., New York, Nat. Hist. Central Asia, 10: lii, 1-604
  • REIFF, G. 2013. Zum Schlupf albinotischer Jungtiere bei Amurnattern, Elaphe schrenckii Strauch, 1873. Sauria 35 (3): 61-62 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, D. 2015. Nattern. Arten und Tipps für Einsteiger Reptilia (Münster) 20 (115): 28-41 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, D. & Kunz, K. 2005. Ernährung von Schlangen. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 159 pp. - get paper here
  • Schneeweiss, N. 1989. Herpetologische Beobachtungen in der Ussuri-Taiga, Ferner Osten - UdSSR. Salamandra 25 (3-4): 191-202 - get paper here
  • Schulz, K. D. 1996. Eine Monographie der Schlangengattung Elaphe Fitzinger. Bushmaster, Berg (CH): 1-460
  • Schulz, K.-D. 1988. Contribution to the knowledge of Elaphe schrencki. Litteratura Serpentium 8 (5): 213-224 - get paper here
  • Schulz, Klaus Dieter 1989. Die hinterasiatischen Kletternattern der Gattung Elaphe. Teil 3: Elaphe schrenckii. Litteratura Serpentium 9 (2): 87-88 - get paper here
  • Schulz, Klaus-Dieter 1996. A monograph of the colubrid snakes of the genus Elaphe Fitzinger. Koeltz Scientific Books, 439 pp.
  • Seung Hoon, Cha 2012. Snake, the world most beautifull curve [in Korean]. Hownext, 304 pp. [ISBN 978-89-965656-7-3] - get paper here
  • Shannon, F.A. 1956. The reptiles and amphibians of Korea. Herpetologica 12 (1): 22-49 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Strauch,A. 1873. Die Schlangen des Russischen Reichs, in systematischer und zoogeographischer Beziehung. Mém Acad. Sci. Pétersbourg (7) 11 (4): 1-288 - get paper here
  • Treu, B. 2000. Elaphe schrencki (STRAUCH, 1873). Sauria 22 (3) Suppl.: 499-502 - get paper here
  • Treu, Bruno 2008. Amurnattern Elaphe schrenckii & Elaphe anomala. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Trutnau , L. 2000. Die Amurnatter Elaphe schrencki (Strauch, 1873) - eines Schlangenschönheit aus dem östlichen Asien. Herpetofauna 22 (128): 11-18 - get paper here
  • Utiger, Urs, Notker Helfenberger, Beat Schätti, Catherine Schmidt, Markus Ruf and Vincent Ziswiler 2002. Molecular systematics and phylogeny of Old World and New World ratsnakes, Elaphe Auct., and related genera (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, Y.Q.; Zhou, K.Y.; Xu, L.S.; Yang, G.; Xu, G.J. 1999. The Evolutionary Relationships of Several Colubrid Snakes Suggested by Sequence Analysis of Cyt b Gene Fragment. Acta Zoologica Sinica 45:332-338
  • Winchell, S. 2003. The wide world of snakes in China. Reptilia (GB) (31): 12-21 - get paper here
  • Winchell, S. 2003. Die vielfältige Welt chinesischer Schlangen. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (44): 20-29 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
 
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