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Elapomorphus wuchereri GÜNTHER, 1861

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesWucherer's Lizard-eating Snake 
SynonymElapomorphus wuchereri GÜNTHER 1861: 415
Elapomorphus wuchereri — BOULENGER 1896: 240
Elapomorphus wuchereri — DE LEMA & DEIQUES 1995
Elapomorphus wuchereri — DE LEMA 2002
Elapomorphus wuchereri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 261 
DistributionBrazil (Bahia, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais)

Type locality: Bahia, Brazil [fide BOULENGER 1896: 240]  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesNeotype: BMNH.1946.1.2.91 (designated by Entiauspe-Neto et al. 2017); syntype: BMNH 1946.1.2.96; original syntypes: BMNH 1946.1.2.92 and BMNH 1946.1.3.1; the two smaller specimens illustrated in Günther (1861) are current syntypes of a different taxon, Coronelaps lepidus (Reinhardt, 1861). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Elapomorphus wuchereri can be distinguished from all its congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) dorsal scales 15-15-15, smooth; (2) postoculars two; (3) loreal absent; (4) temporals 1 + 1; (5) six supralabials, 2nd and 3rd in contact with orbit; (6) seven supralabials; (7) gular scale rows 2–4; (8) ventrals 164–188 (179–188 in females, 164–169 in males); (9) subcaudals 30–46 (30–34 in females, 40–46 in males); (10) dorsal pattern with three narrow dorsal stripes in juveniles, and faint stripes in adults on a copper or yellow background; (11) ventral surface immaculate cream; (12) snout–vent length 194–1212 mm (194–1212.7 in females, 224.5–863.6 in males, Entiauspe-Neto et al. 2017).

Comparisons: Elapomorphus wuchereri is compared with E. quinquelineatus in Table 2 and Figure 3. Elapomorphus wuchereri differs from E. quinquelineatus (characters in parentheses) by absence of nape-cervical collars (present); ventral side of head uniformly colored (dotted), with black blotches radiating from mental groove (white background, with black circular blotches); background color varying during development, from copper to yellow (olive-brown to yellow); dorsal pattern from three narrow stripes in juveniles to faint stripes in adults (5 dark stripes reducing to 3). It is distinguished from Coronelaps lepidus by lacking a yellow parietal band and nape-cervical collars, and having a thicker body, and longer, more depressed head (rounded in C. lepidus), and fewer than 200 ventrals (more than 200 in C. lepidus, Entiauspe-Neto et al. 2017).
 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy: Elapomorphus accedens JAN 1861 has been removed from synonymy with E. wuchereri and synonymized with Elapomorphus quinquelineatus by de LEMA 1995. 
Etymology 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Entiauspe-Neto, Omar Machado; Márcia Ferret Renner , Conrado Mario-da-Rosa, Arthur Diesel Abegg, Daniel Loebmann, Thales de Lema 2017. Redescription, geographic distribution and ecological niche modeling of Elapomorphus wuchereri (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) Phyllomedusa 16 (2): 225-242 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Günther, ALBERT 1862. Account of the reptiles sent by Dr. Wucherer from Bahia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 7: 412-417 [1861] - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Lema, Thales de; Hofstadler-Deiques, Clarice 1995. Estudo revisivo de Elapomorphus lepidus Reinhardt com a invalidacao de E. wuchereri Gunther, E. accedens Jan e E. coronatus Sauvage mediante analise tipologica e a ostelologia [osteologia] craniana (Serpentes, Colubridae, Xenodontinae, Elapomorphini) Biociências 3 (1): 91-143
  • Strauch,A. 1884. Bemerkungen über die Schlangengattung Elapomorphus aus der Familie der Calamariden. 2nd. Ed. Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg 29: 541-590 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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