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Elapotinus picteti JAN, 1862

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Pseudoxyrhophiinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymElapotinus picteti JAN 1862
Elapotinus picteti — BOULENGER 1896: 245
Elapotinus picteti — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1947
Pararhadinaea albignaci DOMERGUE 1984
Elapotinus picteti — WELCH 1994: 59
Pararhadinaea albignaci — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 335
Pararhadinaea albignaci — RAXWORTHY & NUSSBAUM 1994
Exallodontophis albignaci — CADLE 1999
Exallodontophis albignaci — D’CRUZE et al. 2008
Elapotinus picteti — KUCHARZEWSKI et al. 2014
Elapotinus picteti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 265 
DistributionMadagascar (see comment)

albignaci: Madagascar; Type locality: “Foret tropicale d’Analamazaotra [Périnet], elevation 900 m, Madagascar”  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 1982.1221
Holotype: MHNG 279.37 (M), "Guyane?"; M. Pelletier X 1840 [picteti] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): see CADLE 1999: 414 (which is the diagnosis of the Exallodontophis but it should be more or less the same for Elapotinus). 
CommentType species: Elapotinus picteti is the type species of the genus Elapotinus JAN 1862. Pararhadinaea albignaci DOMERGUE 1984 is the type species of the genus Exallodontophis CADLE 1999. However, Kucharzewski et al. 2014 show that Pararhadinaea albignaci is a synonym of Elapotinus picteti, hence Exallodontophis becomes a synonym of Elapotinus.

Synonymy: See type species. There are no publications about this genus/species in the Zoological Record between 1978 and 1999.

Distribution (picteti): “Habitat unknown” according to BOULENGER 1896. E. picteti was described based on a unique holotype of unknown origin (although suspected to be from Guyana). However, if it is synonymous with Exallodontophis albignaci then it should occur on Madagascar. 
EtymologyExallodontophis is from the Greek “exallos” (= quite different, special, distinguished) + “odontos” (= of teeth; from odous, tooth) + ophis (= snake), or "snake of quite different teeth," referring to the unusual maxillar)' dentition. Gender masculine.
 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Cadle, J. E. 1999. The dentation, systematics, and phylogeny of Pseudoxyrhopus and related genera from Madagascar (Serpentes: Colubridae), with description of a new species and a new genus. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 155 (8): 381-443. - get paper here
  • Domergue C A 1984. Notes sur les serpents de la region malgache 4. Le genre Pararhadinaea Boettger, 1898. Descriptions d'une espece et d'une sous-espece nouvelles. Bull. Mus. natn. Hist. nat., Paris 6 (1): 149-157
  • D’Cruze, N.; Köhler, J.; Franzen, M & Glaw, F. 2008. A conservation assessment of the amphibians and reptiles of the Forêt d’Ambre Special Reserve, north Madagascar. MADAGASCAR CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT 3 (1): 44-54
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Jan, G. 1862. Enumerazione sistematico delle specie d'ofidi del gruppo Calamaridae. Arch. Zool., Anat. Fisiol., 2: 1-76. - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 13. Livraison. [Homalosoma mite]. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • KUCHARZEWSKI, CHRISTOPH; ACHILLE P. RASELIMANANA, CYNTHIA WANG & FRANK GLAW 2014. A taxonomic mystery for more than 150 years: Identity, systematic position and Malagasy origin of the snake Elapotinus picteti Jan, 1862, and synonymy of Exallodontophis Cadle, 1999 (Serpentes: Lamprophiidae). Zootaxa 3852 (2): 179–202 - get paper here
  • Raxworthy C J. Nussbaum R A. 1994. A review of the madagascan snake genera Pseudoxyrhopus, Pararhadinaea and Heteroliodon (Squamata: Colubridae). MISCELLANEOUS PUBLICATIONS MUSEUM OF ZOOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN (182): I-IV + 1-37 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Witte, G. F. de & LAURENT,R.F. 1947. Revision d'un groupe de Colubridae africains: genres Calamelaps, Miodon, Aparallactus, et formes affines. Mém. Mus. Roy. Hist. Nat. Belgique (sér. 2) 29: 1-134
 
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