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Elgaria kingii GRAY, 1838

IUCN Red List - Elgaria kingii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Gerrhonotinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesElgaria kingii kingii GRAY 1838
Elgaria kingii nobilis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Elgaria kingii ferruginea (WEBB 1962) 
Common NamesMadrean Alligator Lizard
nobilis: Arizona Alligator Lizard 
SynonymElgaria kingii GRAY 1838: 390
Gerrhonotus kingii — O’SHAUGHNESSY 1873: 46
Gerrhonotus multifasciatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 401
Gerrhonotus kingii — BOCOURT 1878: 339
Gerrhonotus kingii — BOULENGER 1885: 274
Gerrhonotus kingii — FITCH 1938
Elgaria kingii kingii — TIHEN 1948: 299
Elgaria kingii kingii — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 205
Gerrhonotus kingii — WERMUTH 1969: 19
Gerrhonotus kingii kingii — VAN DEVENDER & LOWE 1977
Gerrhonotus kingii — STEBBINS 1985: 166
Elgaria kingii — LINER 1994
Elgaria usufa SMITH, LEMOS-ESPINAL, CHISZAR & INGRASCI 2003

Elgaria kingii ferruginea (WEBB 1962)
Gerrhonotus kingii ferrugineus WEBB 1962: 73
Gerrhonotus kingii ferrugineus — WERMUTH 1969: 19
Elgaria kingii ferruginea — WEBB 1984
Elgaria kingii ferrea — BRENNAN in JONES & LOVICH 2009: 483 (in error)

Elgaria kingii nobilis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Elgaria nobilis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 129
Gerrhonotus nobilis — BAIRD 1859: 11
Gerrhonotus nobilis — O’SHAUGHNESSY 1873: 46
Elgaria kingii nobilis — TIHEN 1949: 596
Gerrhonotus kingii — SMITH 1946: 452
Elgaria kingii nobilis — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 206
Gerrhonotus kingii nobilis — WERMUTH 1969: 19
Elgaria kingii nobilis — CROTHER 2000
Elgaria kingii nobilis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009 
DistributionUSA (Arizona, New Mexico),
Mexico (NE Sonora, NW Chihuahua, E Sinaloa, W Durango, Colima)

kingii: E Sonora, W Chihuahua, probably southward into Durango and Sinaloa. Type locality: Mexico. Restricted to Mojárachic by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

nobilis: SW New Mexico, SE Arizona. Sonora. Type locality: Fort Webster Copper Mines of the Gila [Santa rita del Cobre], New Mexico.

usufa: Mexico (Chihuahua)

ferruginea: Aguascalientes, Durango, Sinaloa. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH
Syntype: MNHN (= MHNP) 1999 (2553), 187 (94?) mm [multifasciatus] 
CommentBocourt’s paper from 1878 is also cited as being from 1872 in SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. we haven’t seen the original and therefore don’t know which one bears the right year. Synonymy and subspecies after SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.
Bryson et al. (2005) provided evidence that the single specimen of Elgaria usafa
from the Sierra del Nido in Chihuahua is an aberrantly patterned E. kingii and suggested to synonymize E. usafa with E. kingii. 
Etymologynamed after Captain and Admiral Philip Parker King (1791-1856), Australian-born British marine surveyor and collector. 
References
  • Baird, S.F. 1859. Reptiles of the Boundary. In: United States and Mexican Boundary Survey under the Order of Lieut. Col. W. H. Emory, Major First Cavalry, and United States Commisioner. 2, Rept., Pt.2. Department of the Interior, Washington, 35 pp. - get paper here
  • Baird,S.F. and Girard,C. 1852. Characteristics of some new reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, part 2. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 125-129 - get paper here
  • Bezy, R.L. 2011. Madrean Alligator Lizard, Elgaria kingii Gray, 1838. Herpetofauna of the 100 Mile Circle. Sonoran Herpetologist 24 (7):66-69. - get paper here
  • Bezy, Robert L. and Charles J. Cole 2014. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Madrean Archipelago of Arizona and New Mexico. American Museum Novitates (3810): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Bocourt 1872. Description de quelques Gerronotes nouveaux provenant du Mexique et de l’Afrique Centrale. Bull. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 7 (4): 101-108 [1871] - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E. R. 1987. Les types d'Anguidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle Catalogue critique. Bulletin du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, 4e ser., 9, sect. A (Zool., BioI. & Ecol. anim.), (2), supplement, 3-20. - get paper here
  • BRYSON, ROBERT W. JR.; HOBART M. SMITH AND JULIO LEMOS-ESPINAL 2005. Taxonomic status of the Madrean alligator lizard (Lacertilia: Anquidae) of the Sierra del Nido,Chihuahua, Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 50 (4): 497-498 - get paper here
  • Carbajal-Márquez, Rubén A. and Gustavo Ernesto Quintero-Díaz. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Elgaria kingii (Madrean alligator lizard). Herpetological Review 45 (3): 462
  • Collins, J.T. and <br />T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
  • Fitch, H.S. 1938. A Systematic Account of the Alligator Lizards (Gerrhonotus) in the Western United States and Lower California. American Midland Naturalist 20: 381-424 - get paper here
  • FLESCH, AARON D.; DON E. SWANN, DALE S. TURNER, AND BRIAN F. POWELL 2010. HERPETOFAUNA OF THE RINCON MOUNTAINS, ARIZONA. Southwestern Naturalist 55(2):240–253 - get paper here
  • Good, D.A. 1988. Phylogenetic relationships among gerrhonotine lizards; an analysis of external morphology. Univ. of Calif. Publs. in Zool. 121: 139 pp. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1838. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Part 3. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 1: 388-394 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Leavitt, D.H., Marion, A.B., Hollingsworth, B.D., Reeder, T.W. 2017. Multilocus phylogeny of alligator lizards (Elgaria, Anguidae): Testing mtDNA introgression as the source of discordant molecular phylogenetic hypotheses. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., David Chiszar, and Hobart M. Smith 2004. Selected Records of 2003 Lizards from Chihuahua and Sonora, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 39 (9): 164-168
  • Leoza-Corichi, A. & Flores-Villela,O. 1995. Elgaria kingii. Herpetological Review 26 (2): 108 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W., Copp, J.F., & Breedlove, D.E. 1976. Notes on the herpetofauna of western Mexico: new records from Sinaloa and the Tres Marias Islands. Natur. Hist. Mus. of L.A. Co., Contrib. in Sci. (275): 1-17
  • Medica, P. A. 1965. Altitude record for Gerrhonotus kingi. Herpetologica 21 (2): 147-148 - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy, A. W. E. 1873. Herpetological notes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 12: 44-48 - get paper here
  • Painter, Charles W.; Jennings, Randy D. 1998. Elgaria kingii nobilis (Arizona Alligator Lizard). Coloration. Herpetological Review 29 (4): 238 - get paper here
  • Quintero-Díaz,G. et al. 1999. Geographic distribution: Elgaria kingii ferruginea. Herpetological Review 30 (4): 233 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1946. Handbook of Lizards: Lizards of the United States and of Canada. Comstock, Ithaca, NY, xxii + 557 pp.
  • Smith, Hobart M., Julio A. Lemos-Espinal, David Chiszar, and Matthew J. Ingrasci 2003. The Madrean alligator lizard of the Sierra del Nido, Chihuahua, Mexico (Reptilia: Sauria: Anguidae). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 39 (4):99-102
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1958. A new alligator lizard from the Panamint Mountains, Inyo County, California. American Museum Novitates (1883): 2 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Tihen, J. A. 1948. Two races of Elgaria kingii Gray. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 51 (3): 299-305 - get paper here
  • Tihen, J. A. 1949. The genera of gerrhonotine Iizards. American Midland Naturalist 41: 579-601 - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Van Devender, Thomas R.;Lowe, Charles H. Lowe, Jr. 1977. Amphibians and reptiles of Yepomera, Chihuahua, Mexico. Journal of Herpetology 11 (1): 41-50 - get paper here
  • Vázquez Díaz, Joel;Quintero Díaz, Gustavo E. 2005. Anfibios y Reptiles de Aguascalientes [2nd ed.]. CONABIO, CIEMA, 318 pp.
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Webb, Robert G. 1970. Gerrhonotus kingii. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (97): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Die Reptilien und Amphibien des Südwestens. Draco 13 (50): 18-60 - get paper here
  • Zweifel, Richard G. 1954. Notes on the distribution of some reptiles in western Mexico. Herpetologica 10: 145-149 - get paper here
 
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