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Emoia caeruleocauda (DE VIS, 1892)

IUCN Red List - Emoia caeruleocauda - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPacific Bluetail Skink 
SynonymMocoa caeruleocauda DE VIS 1892
Lygosoma cyanurum werneri VOGT 1912
Lygosoma werneri triviale SCHÜZ 1929
Emoia triviale — SCHMIDT 1932: 186
Lygosoma (Emoa) werneri — ANGEL 1935: 55
Emoia werneri — PARKER 1936: 86
Emoia werneri — SMITH 1937: 227
Emoia werneri — BRONGERSMA 1948: 491
Emoia werneri — DRYDEN & TAYLOR 1969
Emoia caeruleocauda — GREER 1974: 20
Emoia werneri — GREER 1974
Emoia werneri — MEDWAY & MARSHALL 1975
Emoia caeruleocauda — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 72
Emoia caeruleocauda — MYS 1988: 132
Emoia caeruleocauda — ADLER, AUSTIN & DUDLEY 1995
Emoia caeruleocauda — WHITING et al. 2003 
DistributionWidespread from S Indonesia through New Guinea and the
Solomon Islands northward into the Marianas, Carolines, and Marshall Islands, New Hebrides, Micronesia (e.g. Mortlock Islands, Chuuk),
Fiji Islands (Viti Levu, Taveuni), Solomons Vanuatu, Banks and Torres groups, Santo, Malo, Aore, Pentecost (formerly sometimes called Raga), Malakula, Ambrym, Tongoa, Efate, Erromango, Aniwa, Tanna, Futuna, and Anatom; New Caledonia (Loyalty Islands, but not on the mainland), Papua New Guinea, Philippines,
Indonesia (Moluccas, Celebes, Sulawesi, Irian Jaya), Malaysia (Borneo: Sabah), Palau,
Admirality Islands, Hiu Island, , Uman District Islands
Guam (G. Rodda, pers. comm., 13 March 2016).

Type locality: Sudest Island (formerly Tagula Island) in the Louisiade Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. Type locality for the neotype (Brown, 1991): Rambuso, Sudest Island, Louisiade Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN
Neotype: AMNH 76761 (designated by BROWN 1991) 
CommentNot listed by BAUER 1999. The E. caeruleocauda shown in ter Borg (2005) is actually Cryptoblepharus renschi (ter Borg 2007).

E. caeruleocauda occurs as two colour morphs over most of its distribution: one emerald green tailed form and one completely dark brown form some- times with one to three more or less visible golden dorsal back stripes. That later morph can easily be confused with Emoia cyanura. They differ however by toe lamellae and other scale counts. One practi- cal way to distinguish between them in the field is the occurrence of a dark blackish axilla spot in E. caeruleocauda but absent in E. cyanura and other Vanuatu Emoia species [Ineich 2011]. 
EtymologyNamed after its blue (”caeruleo”) tail (”cauda”). 
References
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Angel, F. 1935. Liste de reptiles récoltés par la Mission Aubert de la Rüe aux Nouvelles Hèbrides ou dans les iles voisines. Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, (2) 7: 54-56 - get paper here
  • Bauer,A.M. 1999. The terrestrial reptiles of New Caledonia: The origin and evolution of a highly endemic herpetofauna. In: Ota,H. (ed) Tropical Island herpetofauna..., Elsevier, pp. 3-25 - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L.D. 1948. Lizards from the island of Morotai (Moluccas). Proc. Koninkl. Ned. Akad. Wet. Ser. C. 51: 486-495
  • Brown W C 1991. Lizards of the genus Emoia (Scincidae) with observations on their evolution and biogeography. MEMOIRS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (No. 15) 1991: i-vi, 1-94 - get paper here
  • Brown W C; Allison A 1986. A new lizard of the genus Emoia (Scincidae) from Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. Occasional Papers BERNICE P. BISHOP MUSEUM 26 [1986]: 47-51
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Buden, Donald W. 2007. Reptiles of Satawan Atoll and the Mortlock Islands, Chuuk State, Federated States of Micronesia. Pacific Science 61 (3): 407-414
  • Buden, Donald W. 2015. Reptiles of Lukunor Atoll, Mortlock Islands, Chuuk State, Federated States of Micronesia. Pacific Science 69 (1):117–124 doi:10.2984/69.1.9
  • Buden, Donald W. 2015. Reptiles of Uman District Islands (Southeastern Chuuk Lagoon and Kuop Atoll), Federated States of Micronesia. Pacific Science 69 (2): 271-279 - get paper here
  • Buden, Donald W. & Danko Taboroši 2016. Reptiles of the Federated States of Micronesia. Island Research and Education Initiative, 311 pp. - get paper here
  • Crombie, Ronald I. and Gregory K. Pregill 1999. A Checklist of the Herpetofauna of the Palau Islands (Republic of Belau), Oceania. Herpetological Monographs 13: 29-80 - get paper here
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
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  • Goldberg, S.R. & Kraus, F. 2008. Notes on reproduction in five species of Emoia (Squamata: Scincidae) from Papua New Guinea. Salamandra 44 (1): 54-58 - get paper here
  • Ineich, I. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles. In: Bouchet P., Le Guyader H. & PascaL O. (eds), The Natural History of Santo. pp. 187-236. MNhN, Paris; Ird, Marseille; PNI, Paris. 572 pp. (Patrimoines naturels; 70).
  • INEICH, Ivan 2009. The terrestrial herpetofauna of Torres and Banks Groups (northern Vanuatu), with report of a new species for Vanuatu. Zootaxa 2198: 1-15 - get paper here
  • Iskandar, Djoko T. and Walter R. Erdelen 2006. Conservation of amphibians and reptiles in Indonesia: issues and problems. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 4 (1): 60-87 - get paper here
  • Koch, A. 2012. Discovery, Diversity, and Distribution of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi and its offshore islands. Edition Chimaira, 374 pp. [ISBN 978-3-89973-432-4] - get paper here
  • Koch, André; Arida, Evy; Riyanto, Awal & Böhme, Wolfgang 2009. Islands between the realms: A revised checklist of the herpetofauna of the Talaud archipelago, Indonesia, with a discussion about its biogeographic affinities. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 56 (1/2): 107-129 [2007] - get paper here
  • Longman, H. A. 1916. Snakes and lizards from Queensland and the Northern Territory. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 5: 46-51
  • Lord Medway, & Marshall, A.G. 1975. Terrestrial vertebrates of the New Hebrides: origin and distribution. Roy. Soc. of London, Philosophical Trans. (Ser. B) 272: 423-465.
  • McCoy, M. 2006. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica 57, 212 pp.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • Morrison, C. 2003. A Field Guide to the Herpetofauna of Fiji. Suva, Fiji: Institute of Applied Sciences, University of the South Pacific, 121 pp.
  • Mys, Benoit 1988. The zoogeography of the scincid lizards from North Papua New Guinea (Reptilia: Scincidae). I. The distribution of the species. Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique (Biologie) 58: 127-183
  • Parker, H.W. 1936. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from the mountains of British New Guinea. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (10) 17: 66-93
  • Rodda, Gordon H.; Amy A. Yackel Adams, Earl W. Campbell, and Thomas H. Fritts 2015. General Herpetological Collecting is Size-Biased for Five Pacific Lizards Journal of Herpetology Dec 2015, Vol. 49, No. 4: 507-512. - get paper here
  • Rodda, Gordon H.; Kathryn Dean-Bradley, Earl W. Campbell, Thomas H. Fritts, Björn Lardner, Amy A. Yackel Adams, and Robert N. Reed 2015. Stability of Detectability over 17 Years at a Single Site and other Lizard Detection Comparisons from Guam Journal of Herpetology Dec 2015, Vol. 49, No. 4: 513-521. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, KP 1932. Reptiles and Amphibians from the Solomon Islands. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser. - 18 (9): 175-190 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • ter Borg, J. 2005. Mariene herpetologie en enkele andere herpetologische waarnemingen op en rond Bali, Lombok en Komodo (Indonesië). Lacerta 63 (6): 242-256 - get paper here
  • ter Borg, J. 2007. Reptielen van Bali, een aanvulling. Lacerta 65 (1): 42 - get paper here
  • Vis, C.W. DE 1892. Zoology of British New Guinea. Part 1. Vertebrata. Ann. Queensland Mus., 2: 1-24 (3-12)
  • Wanger, T. C., I. Motzke, S. Saleh & D. T. Iskandar 2011. The amphibians and reptiles of the Lore Lindu National Park area, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Salamandra 47 (1): 17-29 - get paper here
  • Whiting, A.S.; Aaron M. Bauer and Jack W. Sites, Jr. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and limb loss in sub-Saharan African scincine lizards (Squamata: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29 (3): 582-598 - get paper here
  • Zug, G. R. & I. Ineich 1997. Striped Skinks in Oceania: The Status of Emoia caeruleocauda in Fiji. Pacific Science, 51 (2): 183-188.
  • Zug,G. R. 1991. The lizards of Fiji: Natural history and systematics. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. 2: 1-136
 
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