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Emydocephalus ijimae STEJNEGER, 1898

IUCN Red List - Emydocephalus ijimae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Turtlehead Sea Snake
Chinese: 龟头海蛇 
SynonymEmydocephalus ijimae STEJNEGER 1898: 223
Aipysurus annulatus BOULENGER 1899: 21 (not of KREFFT)
Emydocephalus ijimae — STEJNEGER 1907: 413
Emydocephalus ijimae — HUANG 1996
Emydocephalus ijimae — KHARIN 2005
Emydocephalus ijimae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 268 
DistributionSE Asian Sea (China, Taiwan, Japan, Ryukyu Island)

Type locality: Loo Chao Island  
TypesHolotype: USNM 36517 

Habitat: marine. 
EtymologyNamed in honour of Prof. Isao Ijima, Science College, Imperial University, Tokyo. Synonymy partly after STEJNEGER 1907. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1899. Reptilia and Batrachia. Zoological Record, 36:1-31
  • Huang W S 1996. Sexual size dimorphism of sea snakes in Taiwan. BULLETIN OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL SCIENCE (TAICHUNG) 7: 113-120
  • Kharin, V.E. 2008. Biota of the Russian Waters of the Sea of Japan Vol. 7 - Reptilians [in English and Russian]. Vladivostok, Dalnauka, 170 pp.
  • Kharin, V.E. 2009. Redescription of a Russian Finding of the Erabu Sea Krait Pseudolaticauda semifasciata (Reinwardt in Schlegel, 1837), with Remarks about Species Composition of Sea Snakes (Serpentes: Laticaudidae, Hydrophiidae) in Russian and Adjacent Waters. Russian Journal of Marine Biology 35 (1): 8–14
  • Masunaga, Gen;Ota, Hidetoshi 1994. Natural history of the sea snake, Emydocephalus ijimae in the central Ryukys. Japanese Journal of Herpetology 15 (4): 144
  • NANKIVELL, JAMES H.; CLAIRE GOIRAN, MATHEW HOURSTON, RICHARD SHINE, ARNE R. RASMUSSEN, VICKI A. THOMSON, KATE L. SANDERS 2020. A new species of turtle-headed sea Snake (Emydocephalus: Elapidae) endemic to Western Australia. Zootaxa 4758 (1): 141–156 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Stejneger,L. 1898. On a collection of batrachians and reptiles from Formosa and Adjacent Islands. J. Coll. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 12: 215-225 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
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