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Enhydris enhydris (SCHNEIDER, 1799)

IUCN Red List - Enhydris enhydris - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaHomalopsidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Rainbow Mud Snake, Rainbow Water Snake, Striped Water Snake, Smooth Water Snake
G: Gestreifte Wassertrugnatter 
SynonymHydrus enhydris SCHNEIDER 1799
Homalopsis enhydris - CANTOR 1847
Hypsirhina enhydris — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 946
Hypsirhina enhydris - JAN 1863
Enhydris enhydris - BARBOUR 1912
Hypsirhina enhydris enhydris - BOURRET 1934
Enhydris caerulea LATREILLE in SONNINI & LATREILLE 1801
Hydrus atrocaeruleus SHAW 1802
Coluber pythonissa DAUDIN 1803
Homalopsis aer H. BOIE 1826 (nomen nudum)
Homalopsis aer BOIE 1827
Hypsirhina aer - WAGLER 1830
Hypsirhina bilineata GRAY 1842
Hypsirhina enhydris var. bilineata - VOLZ 1904
Hypsirhina furcata GRAY 1842
Enhydris enhydris — SMITH 1943: 383
Enhydris enhydris — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 348
Enhydris enhydris — COX et al. 1998: 40
Enhydris enhydris — SANG et al. 2009
Enhydris enhydris — MURPHY & VORIS 2014: 16
Enhydris enhydris — WALLACH et al. 2014: 270 
DistributionSE China
Indonesia (Bangka, Belitung, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi ?, Sumatra, We);
Bangladesh; Cambodia; C/E India; Laos;
Malaysia (Malaya and East Malaysia, Borneo, Pulau Tioman [HR 31: 114]);
Myanmar (Burma); Nepal; Pakistan;
Singapore (?); Sri Lanka; Pulau Bangka,
Thailand; Vietnam

Type locality: “Indiae orientalis” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: Based on illustration of Mutta Pam in Russell (1796), Indian Serpents, p. 35, pl. 30 
CommentDistribution: Not in Pakistan fide KHAN 2002 (pers. comm.). Not listed for Sri Lanka by JANZEN et al. 2007. The latest record of this species from Sulawesi is from MEYER 1887. DE LANG & VOGEL (2005) thus consider this species as doubtful for this island. Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012).

Habitat: freshwater

Diet: mostly fish

Type species: Hydrus enhydris SCHNEIDER 1799 is the type species of the genus Enhydris LATREILLE in SONNINI & LATREILLE 1801. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Chabanaud, P 1923. Description d'un Chamaeleon nouveau d'Indochine et d'un exemplaire monstrueux d' Enhydris hardwicki Gray. Bull. Mus. nat. Hist. nat., Paris 29: 209-210. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • D'Abreu, E.A. 1913. Effect of a Bite from Schneider's Water Snake (Hypsirhina enhydris). J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 22: 203 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & De Silva, A. 2005. Photographic guide to snakes and other reptiles of Sri Lanka. New Holland Publishers, 144 pp.
  • David,P. & Vogel,G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • de Silva, A. 1998. Snakes of Sri Lanka: a checklist and an annotated bibliography. Dept. Wildlife Conservation/GEF/UNDP/FAO, Colombo.
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Fabre, Anne-Claire; David Bickford, Marion Segall and Anthony Herrel 2016. The impact of diet, habitat use, and behaviour on head shape evolution in homalopsid snakes Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12753 - get paper here
  • Geissler, Peter, Truong Quang Nguyen, Nikolay A. Poyarkov & Wolfgang Böhme 2011. New records of snakes from Cat Tien National Park, Dong Nai and Lam Dong provinces, southern Vietnam. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 9-16 - get paper here
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  • Janzen, P.; Klaas, P. & Ziesmann, S. 2007. Sri Lankas Schlangenfauna. Draco 7 (30): 56-64 - get paper here
  • Karns, D.R.; Murphy, J.C.; Voris, H.K. & Suddeth, J.S. 2005. Comparison of Semi-aquatic Snake Communities Associated with the Khorat Basin, Thailand. The Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 5(2): 73-90
  • KARNS, DARYL R.; VIMOKSALEHI LUKOSCHEK; JENNIFER OSTERHAGE; JOHN C. MURPHY & HAROLD K. VORIS 2010. Phylogeny and biogeography of the Enhydris clade (Serpentes: Homalopsidae). Zootaxa 2452: 18–30 [erratum in Zootaxa 2514: 68] - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Kopstein, F. 1938. Ein Beitrag zur Eierkunde und zur Fortpflanzung der Malaiischen Reptilien. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 14: 81-167
  • Lang, R. de & G. Vogel 2005. The snakes of Sulawesi. A field guide to the land snakes of Sulawesi with identification keys. Frankfurter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, 25, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 312 pp.
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Lim, K. K. P. and V. D. Rozario 2009. The rainbow mud snake, Enhydris enhydris (Schneider) [Reptilia: Squamata: Homalopsidae] in Singapore. Nature In Singapore 2009 2: 9-1
  • Mahony, Stephen; Md. Kamrul Hasan, Md. Mofizul Kabir, Mushfiq Ahmed and Md. Kamal Hossain. 2009. A catalogue of amphibians and reptiles in the collection of Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Hamadryad 34 (1): 80 – 94
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  • Mell,R. 1931. List of Chinese snakes. Lingnan Sci. Jour., Canton, 8 [1929]: 199-219.
  • Murphy, J.C. & Voris, H.K. 2014. A Checklist and Key to the Homalopsid Snakes (Reptilia, Squamata, Serpentes), with the Description of New Genera. FIELDIANA: LIFE AND EARTH SCIENCES (8): 1–43 - get paper here
  • Murphy, J.C.; Chan-ard, T.; Karns, D.R., Sandrick, K.M. & Voris, H.K. 1998. The watersnakes of Lake Songkhila. Tigerpaper (Bangkok) 25: 1-4
  • Murphy, John C. 2007. Homalopsid Snakes: Evolution in the Mud. Krieger Publishing, Malabar, Florida, 249 pp.
  • Pal, Saunak & Zeeshan Mirza 2010. Notes on the natural history of Common Smooth Water Snake Enhydris enhydris Schneider, 1799 (Serpentes: Colubridae). Reptile Rap (9): 9 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; David, P.; Chimsunchart, C. & Thirakhupt, K. 2003. Reptiles of Phetchaburi Province, Western Thailand: a list of species, with natural history notes, and a discussion on the biogeography at the Isthmus of Kra. Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 3 (1): 23-53 - get paper here
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  • ZIEGLER, T., RAUHAUS, A., NGUYEN, T.Q. & NGUYEN, K.V. 2015. Südlichster Nachweis von Gekko badenii SZCZERBAK & NEKRASOVA, 1994, mit Bemerkungen zur Herpetofauna der Hon-Me-Auffangstation in der Provinz Kien Giang, Südvietnam. Sauria 37 (2): 3 - 14 - get paper here
 
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