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Enyalius catenatus (WIED-NEUWIED, 1821)

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Higher TaxaLeiosauridae (Enyaliinae), Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesWied's Fathead Anole 
SynonymAgama catenata WIED 1821: 247
Lophyrus rhombifer SPIX 1825: 9
Lophyrus margaritaceus SPIX 1825: 10
Lophyrus albomaxillaris SPIX 1825: 11
Ophryessa catenata — BOIE 1825
Ophryoessa margariteceus — FITZINGER 1826: 48
Uraniscodon (Ophryessa) catenata — KAUP 1827: 91
Uraniscodon rhombifer — KAUP 1827: 90
Uraniscodon (Ophryessa) margariteceus — KAUP 1827
Enyalius catenatus — WAGLER 1830: 150
Ophyessa (Plica) braziliensis — GRAY 1831 (?) [non LESSON]
Ophyessa (Xiphura) rhombifer — GRAY
Enyalus [sic] rhombifer — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 231
Hypsibatus (Enyalius) catenatus — FITZINGER 1843
Hypsibatus (Enyalius) margariteceus — FITZINGER 1843
Enyalius catenatus — BOULENGER 1885: 118
Enyalius catenatus paulista IHERING 1898: 102
Enyalius catenatus — ETHERIDGE 1969: 244
Enyalius catenatus — PETERS et al. 1970: 118
Enyalius catenatus catenatus — JACKSON 1978
Enyalius catenatus— FROST et al. 2001
Enyalius catenatus catenatus — RODRIGUES et al. 2006 
DistributionE Brazil (from Pernambuco south to Santa Catarina; Minas Gerais, Bahia, Paraíbaetc.)

Type locality: Cabeca do Boi, Bahia, Brazil (fide ETHERIDGE 1968); “sertao (= interior) of Bahia” (fide JACKSON 1978).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: lost (fide JACKSON 1978), was: AMNH 108 
CommentSynonymy partly after Peters et al. 1970, ETHERIDGE 1969. JACKSON (1978) suggested that E. bibronii, E. pictus and E. catenatus were intergrading subspecies of one species.

Type species: Agama catenata WIED 1821 is the type species of the genus Enyalius WAGLER 1830 (by designation, FITZINGER 1843: 16). 
References
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1888. On some reptiles and batrachians from Iguarasse, Pernambuco. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 2: 40—43 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Etheridge, R. 1969. A review of the Iguanid lizard genus Enyalius. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology 18 (8): 233-260 - get paper here
  • Fazolato, Cecil, Ricardo Marques and Moacir Santos Tinõco. 2014. Geographical Distribution: Enyalius catenatus (Wied's fathead anole). Herpetological Review 45 (4): 659
  • Feio, R.N. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Contribuição ao conhecimento da herpetofauna do nordeste do estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Phyllomedusa 1 (2): 105-111 [2002] - get paper here
  • Filho, Leildo Machado Carilo, Medeiros, Tadeu Texeira, Sena, Marcelo and Argolo, Antonio Jorge Suzart 2017. Enyalius catenatus (Wied’s Fat-headed Anole) Clutch size and hatchling size Herpetological Review 48 (1): 188-189 - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Elbano Paschoal de Figueiredo Moraes 2018. Herpetofauna from Serra da Jibóia, an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in the state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil Herpetology Notes 11: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Frost, Darrel R.; Richard Etheridge; Daniel Janies and Tom A. Titus 2001. Total evidence, sequence alignment, evolution of polychrotid lizards, and a reclassification of the Iguania (Squamata, Iguania). American Museum Novitates 3343: 1-22 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Jackson J F 1978. Differentiation in the genera Enyalius and Strobilurus (Iguanidae): implications for Pleistocene climatic changes in eastern Brazil. Arquivos de Zoologia 30(1) 1978: 1-79
  • Melo, Íris Virgínea; Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura, Marco Antonio de Freitas, Edson Victor Euclides de Andrade, Cláudio Casal, Arthur Diesel Abegg, Marcelo Nogueira de Carvalho Kakubum 2018. New additions to herpetofauna of the Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos, an urban Atlantic Rainforest Fragment, Recife municipality, Pernambuco state, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 245-254 - get paper here
  • Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira; Brygida Alves, Carmem Pedro, Daniel Laranjeiras, Francis Caldas, Isabella Pedrosa, Jefter Rodrigues, Leandro Drummond, Lucas Cavalcanti, Milena Wachlevski, Paulo Nogueira-Costa, Rafaela França, Frederico França 2018. Herpetofauna in two habitat types (tabuleiros and Stational Semidecidual Forest) in the Reserva Biológica Guaribas, northeastern Brazil Herpetology Notes 11: 455-474 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Rocha-Cruz, Débora ; Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Tadeu Teixeira Medeiros, Mirco Solé 2018. Diet of Enyalius catenatus (Wied, 1821) (Leiosauridae) from RPPN Serra Bonita, an Atlantic Forest area in southern Bahia, Brazil Herpetology Notes 11: 227-232 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut; Carolina Elena Viña Bertolotto, Renata Cecília Amaro, Yatiyo Yonenaga-Yassuda, Eliza Maria Xavier Freire, Katia Cristina Machado Pellegrino 2014. Molecular phylogeny, species limits, and biogeography of the Brazilian endemic lizard genus Enyalius (Squamata: Leiosauridae): An example of the historical relationship between Atlantic Forests and Amazonia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 81: 137-146, DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.07.019 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut; Marco Antonio de Freitas, Thais Figueiredo Santos Silva, and Carolina Elena Viña Bertolotto 2006. A new species of lizard genus Enyalius (Squamata, Leiosauridae) from the highlands of Chapada Diamantina, State of Bahia, Brazil, with a key to species. Phyllomedusa 5 (1): 11-24 - get paper here
  • Solé, Mirco 2015. Auf der Suche nach der seltensten Giftschlange Südamerikas Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (6): 50-53 - get paper here
  • Spix, J. B. von 1825. Animalia nova sive species nova lacertarum quas in itinere per Brasiliam annis MDCCCXVII-MDCCCXX jussu et auspicius Maximiliani Josephi I Bavariae Regis suscepto collegit et descripsit Dr. J. B. de Spix. Lipsiae: T. O. Weigel; F. S. Hübschmanni, Monachii, 26 pp.
  • Tulli, M.J.; F.B. Cruz, A. Herrel, B. Vanhooydonck, V. Abdala 2009. The interplay between claw morphology and microhabitat use in neotropical iguanian lizards. Zoology 112 (5): 379-392 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P.E. 1974. Ecological and geographical distribution of lizards in Pernambuco, northeastern Brasil (Sauria). Papeis Avulsos de Zool. 28(4): 61-90.
  • Von IHERING, H. 1898. Contributions to the herpetology of Sao Paulo, Brazil - I. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 49: 101-109 - get paper here
  • Wagler, Jean G. 1830. Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugetiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. 1.0. Cotta, München, Stuttgart, and Tübingen, 354 pp.
  • Wied-Neuwied, M. Prinz zu 1821. Reise nach Brasilien in den Jahren 1815 bis 1817. Vol. 2. Heinrich Ludwig Bronner, Frankfurt. - get paper here
 
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