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Enyalius erythroceneus RODRIGUES, DE FREITAS, SANTOS SILVA & VIÑA BERTOLOTTO, 2006

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Higher TaxaLeiosauridae (Enyaliinae), Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymEnyalius erythroceneus RODRIGUES, DE FREITAS, SANTOS SILVA & VIÑA BERTOLOTTO 2006
Enyalius erythroceneus — LIVIGNI 2013: 383 
DistributionBrazil (Bahia)

Type locality: Fazenda Caraibas (13° 09’ 49’’ S, 41° 24’ 19’’ W), district of Cascavel, municipality of Mucuge, Serra do Espinhaco (Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, NE Brazil.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 95420, adult male 
Diagnosis 
CommentSVL 90 mm, tail 195 mm (holotype)

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after the Greek “erythros” = red and “keneon” = flank, referring to the strikingly red flanks of the males (the females are quite different without a red flank). 
References
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut; Carolina Elena Viña Bertolotto, Renata Cecília Amaro, Yatiyo Yonenaga-Yassuda, Eliza Maria Xavier Freire, Katia Cristina Machado Pellegrino 2014. Molecular phylogeny, species limits, and biogeography of the Brazilian endemic lizard genus Enyalius (Squamata: Leiosauridae): An example of the historical relationship between Atlantic Forests and Amazonia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 81: 137-146, DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.07.019 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut; Marco Antonio de Freitas, Thais Figueiredo Santos Silva, and Carolina Elena Viña Bertolotto 2006. A new species of lizard genus Enyalius (Squamata, Leiosauridae) from the highlands of Chapada Diamantina, State of Bahia, Brazil, with a key to species. Phyllomedusa 5 (1): 11-24 - get paper here
 
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