Epacrophis reticulatus (BOULENGER, 1906)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Epacrophis reticulatus?
|Higher Taxa||Leptotyphlopidae, Leptotyphlopinae, Epacrophini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||Reticulate Blind Snake|
|Synonym||Glauconia reticulata BOULENGER 1906: 441|
Leptotyphlops reticulata - PARKER 1949: 19
Leptotyphlops reticulatus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 40
Leptotyphlops reticulatus — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007: 17
Epacrophis reticulatus — ADALSTEINSSON, BRANCH, TRAPE, VITT & HEDGES 2009
Epacrophis reticulatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 275
|Distribution||NW Somalia (highlands, elevation 900-1250 m).|
Type locality: Wagga, Goolis Mountains, near Berbera, altitute 3000 - 4000 ft., Somalia. Map legend:
- Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.
NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
|Types||Holotype: BMNH 19220.127.116.11.|
|Comment||Diagnosis: This species is distinguished from Leptotyphlops boulengeri by its high middorsal and subcaudal counts and from L. drewesi by its broad rostral shield and reticulate colour pattern. Skull robust, with fused parietal bones.|
The reticulatus species group is characterised by the presence of a discrete frontal shield, a rounded snout in lateral view, 10 midtail scale rows, a moderate anterior supralabial, a stout apical spine on the tail (Wallach, 199), a moderate
posterior supralabial and a crescentic cloacal shield. The robust skull has fused parietal bones in Leptotyphlops reticulatus and L. boulengeri. This group was initially known as the L. boulengeri species group.
Type species: Glauconia reticulata BOULENGER 190 is the type species of the genus Epacrophis Hedges, Adalsteinsson, & Branch 2009.
Diagnosis (genus): Species of Epacrophis and Epacrophini have 14 midbody scale rows, 10 midtail scale rows, 180– 248 middorsal scale rows, 18–32 subcaudals, two supralabials, a moderate-sized anterior supralabial, 143–201 mm maximum adult total length, a body shape of 30–57 (total length/width), a relative tail length of 7.9–10.9 %, a tail shape of 3.2–5.7, no striped pattern, and usually a brown dorsum and white venter (Table 2). Epacrophini can be distinguished from the two other tribes in the subfamily Leptotyphlopinae by the presence of a moderate-sized anterior supralabial (versus absent or small in other species of Leptotyphlopinae, except L. howelli) and a stout apical spine on the tip of the tail (Broadley & Wallach 2007; Wallach 199). No species were included in the molecular phylogenetic analyses. [from ADALSTEINSSON et al. 2009].
|Etymology||Etymology (genus): The generic name is masculine and derived from the Greek adjective epakros (pointed at the end) and Greek noun ophis (snake), in allusion to the distinctive thorny spine at the tip of the tail in species of this genus.|
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