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Ephalophis greyae SMITH, 1931

IUCN Red List - Ephalophis greyae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesNorth-western Mangrove Seasnake 
SynonymEphalophis greyi SMITH 1931: 397
Ephalophis greyi — COGGER 1983: 248
Ephalophis greyi — WELCH 1994: 63
Ephalophis greyae — SHEA 1996
Ephalophis greyae — COGGER 2000: 711
Ephalophis greyi — KHARIN 2005
Ephalophis greyae — SANDERS et al. 2012
Ephalophis greyae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 275 
DistributionAustralia (North Territory?, West Australia)

Type locality: Cape Boileau, W. A. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.6.92 
CommentVenomous!

Habitat: marine.

Type species: Ephalophis greyi SMITH 1931: 397 is the type species of the genus Ephalophis SMITH 1931. 
EtymologyShea (1996) notes that the specifc name of the only species of the genus should be spelled greyae, not greyi. Since the species had been named in honour of a Mrs. Beatrice Grey, the specific name must bear the feminine ending. 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 1975. The sea snakes of Australia and New Guinea. pp. 59-139 in Dunson, W. (ed. ) The Biology of Sea Snakes. Baltimore: University Park Press
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • McDowell, S. B. 1969. Notes on the Australian sea-snake Ephalophis greyi M. Smith (Serpentes: Elapidae: Hydrophiinae) and the origin and classification of sea-snakes. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 48: 333-349
  • McDowell, S. B. 1974. Additional notes on the rare and primitive sea snake, Ephalophis greyi. Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond 32: 195-247
  • RASMUSSEN, ARNE REDSTED; KATE LAURA SANDERS, MICHAEL L. GUINEA & ANDREW P. AMEY 2014. Sea snakes in Australian waters (Serpentes: subfamilies Hydrophiinae and Laticaudinae)—a review with an updated identification key. Zootaxa 3869 (4): 351–371 - get paper here
  • Sanders, K.L.; Michael S.Y. Lee, Mumpuni, Terry Bertozzi, Arne R. Rasmussen 2012. Multilocus phylogeny and recent rapid radiation of the viviparous sea snakes (Elapidae: Hydrophiinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66 (3): 575-591 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M. 1996. Correction of the incorrect original spelling of the species name of a Hydrophiid snake. The Snake 27 (2): 157
  • Smith, L. A. 1974. The sea snakes of Western Australia (Serpentes: Elapidae: Hydrophiinae) with a description of a new subspecies. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 3: 93-110 - get paper here
  • Smith, M. A. 1931. Description of a new genus of sea snake from the coast of Australia, with a note on the structure providing for complete closure of the mouth in aquatic snakes. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1931: 397-398
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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