You are here » home advanced search search results Epictia albifrons

Epictia albifrons (WAGLER, 1824)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Epictia albifrons?

Add your own observation of
Epictia albifrons »

We have no photos, try to find some by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Epictinae, Epictini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGuyana Blind Snake, Wagler's Blind Snake 
SynonymStenostoma albifrons WAGLER 1824: 68
Typhlops albifrons — WAGLER 1830: 195
Typhlops albifrons — GRAY 1831: 77
Epictia albifrons — GRAY 1845: 140
Glauconia albifrons — BOULENGER 1893: 63 (part.)
Glauconia albifrons — BOULENGER 1896: 591 (part.)
Glauconia albifrons — BARBOUR & COLE 1906: 150 (part.)
Leptotyphlops albifrons — AMARAL 1925: 3 (part),
Leptotyphlops albifrons — AMARAL 1929 (part.)
Leptotyphlops albifrons — BEEBE 1946: 12
Leptotyphlops tenella — PETERS et al., 1970: 167
Leptotyphlops tenella — VANZOLINI 1986: 10
Leptotyphlops albifrons — MCDIARMID et al. 1999: 19
Leptotyphlops albifrons — BOOS 2001
Epictia albifrons — ADALSTEINSSON et al. 2009
Epictia albifrons — WALLACH et al. 2014: 279
Epictia albifrons — NATERA-MUMAW et al. 2015: 291
Epictia albifrons — WALLACH 2016: 315 
DistributionBrazil (Pará)

Type locality: vicinity of Belém, state of Pará, Brazil  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesNeotype: BYU 11490, a 154 mm (LOA) female topotype collected by Mormon missionaries between 1946 and 1953 in the vicinity of Belém, state of Pará, Brazil, designated by Wallach 2016: 316, who rejected the neotype designation of MCZ R-2885 suggested by Mumaw et al. (2015) under Art. 75.3.3, Art. 75.3.6, and Recommendation 75B of the Code (see Wallach 2016: 325 for a discussion.
Holotype: ZSM 1348/0 (lost), collected by Spix and Martius expedition to Brazil, 1817-1820 
CommentIllustrations: Klauber, 1939.

Synonymy: after WALLACH 2016: 315 who considers this species as valid, while many others list it as synonym of E. tenella. FRANCO & PINTO 2010 and subsequent authors considered Stenosoma albifrons as a nomen dubium. The status does not seem to be unambiguous, see Wallach 2016: 325 for a detailed discussion. Although Wallach considers albifrons as valid, he does not present any phylogenetic data (although he refers to Adalsteinsson et al. 2009 and others) and he doesn’t present any direct comparative illustrations of the species in this species complex (albifrons, tenella, goudotii, and phenops).

Diagnosis: (1) scale row formula = 14-14-14; (2) midtail scale rows = 10; (3) total length = 63–168 (x– = 121.0) mm; (4) total midodrsals = 206–218 (x– = 212.6); (5) subcaudals = 11–15 (x– = 13.1); (6) relative body propor- tion = 35–49 (x– = 40.0); (7) relative tail length = 4.3%–6.4% (x– = 5.4%); (8) relative tail width = 2.1–3.6 (x– = 2.7); (9) relative rostral width = 0.25–0.37 (x– = 0.31); (10) relative eye size = 0.35–0.37 (x– = 0.42); (10) rostral sagittate with truncated apex; (11) supralabials 2, anterior supralabial reaching eye level but not in contact with supraocular; (12) frontal separate from rostral; (13) supraoculars large and pentagonal, twice as broad as deep, with posterior border parallel to that of supranasal; (14) frontal, interparietal, and interoccipital hexagonal in shape, broader than deep; (15) parietals slightly longer than occipitals, oriented obliquely; (16) infralabials 4; (17) cloacal shield semilu- nate in shape; (18) head brown with a moderate pale spot on rostral; (19) dorsum with 7 dark brown stripes, formed from connected diamond-shaped spots, separated by 6 moderate to broad yellow zigzag stripes (= 7 dark stripes); (20) venter pale brown, each scale outlined in yellow; (21) midbody stripe formula (7 + 0) and middorsal pattern (3); (22) tail brown, above and below, with a small, pale terminal spot covering the last 0–1 (x– = 1.0) dorsal scales and 1–4 (x– = 2.5) ventral scales (subcaudal/dorsocaudal ratio 2.5); and (23) apical spine a horizontal thorn with minute point (Wallach 2016: 316).

Distribution: Wallach 2016: 322 states that “presently is a Brazilian endemic, known with certainty only from the type locality in northern Brazil (Pará), elevation near sea level (Map 13).” Other authors included the following countries as part of the distribution of E. albifrons: Ecuador (Peters, 1960; Miyata, 1982; Almendaríz, 1991, but see Purtschert, 2007, and Cisneros-Heredia, 2008, for rebuttal), Peru (Carrillo de Espinoza and Icochea, 1995; Lehr, 2002, but see Lamar, 1997, for rebuttal), Bolivia (Fugler and Riva, 1990, and Fugler et al., 1995, but see Börschig, 2007, and Embert, 2007, for rebuttal), Paraguay (Serié, 1915, but see Aquino et al., 1996, for rebuttal), Uruguay (Vaz-Ferreira and Soriano, 1960, but see Carreira et al., 2005, for rebuttal), and Argentina (Abalos and Mischis, 1975; Di Fonzo de Abalos and Bucher, 1981; Cei, 1986, 1994; Williams and Francini, 1991; McDiarmid et al., 1999; but see Giraudo, 2002 and Giraudo and Scrocchi, 2002 for rebuttal). See Wallach 2016: 322 for discussion. See previous map in ARREDONDO & ZAHER 2010. Reports from Ecuador are most likely based on misidentifications (CISNEROS-HEREDIA 2008). Not in Paraguay (Paul Smith, pers. comm., 27 Apr 2014).

Habitat: This species inhabits lowland tropical rainforest (Cunha and Nascimiento, 1978). 
References
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1929. Contribuicao ao conhecimento dos ophidios do Brasil. IV. Lista remissiva dos ophidios do Brasil. Mem. Inst. Butantan, Sao Paulo, 4: 71-125 - get paper here
  • Arredondo, Juan Camilo and Hussam Zaher 2010. A New Species of Epictia (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae) from Central Brazil. South American J. Herp. 5 (3): 189–198 - get paper here
  • Barbour, T., and L. J. Cole. 1906. Vertebrata from Yucatan. Reptilia, Amphibia and Pisces. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 50: 146-159 - get paper here
  • Beebe, William 1946. Field notes on the snakes of Kartabo, British Guiana, and Caripito, Venezuela. Zoologica 31: 11-52
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Boos, H.E.A. 2001. The snakes of Trinidad and Tobago. Texas A&M University Press, 270 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1894. List of reptiles and batachians collected by Dr. T. Bohls near Asuncion, Paraguay. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 13: 342-348 - get paper here
  • Carrillo de Espinoza, Nelly & Icochea, Javier 1995. Lista taxonomica preliminar de los reptiles vivientes del Peru. Publicaciones del Museo de Historia Natural “Javier Prado”, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Serie A, Zoología (49): 1–27
  • Cisneros-Heredia D.F. 2008. Reptilia, Squamata, Leptotyphlopidae, Leptotyphlops, Ecuador: Re-evaluation of the species cited for the country. Check List 4 (2): 178–181 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • Daltry, Jennifer C. 2007. An introduction to the herpetofauna of Antigua, Barbuda and Redonda, with some conservation recommendations. Applied Herpetology 4 (2): 97-130.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1844. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.6. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 609 pp. - get paper here
  • FRANCISCO, BÁRBARA CRISTINA S.; ROBERTA R. PINTO & DANIEL S. FERNANDES 2012. Taxonomy of Epictia munoai (Orejas-Miranda, 1961) (Squamata: Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 3512: 42–52 - get paper here
  • Franco, F.L. & Pinto, R.R. 2009. Stenostoma albifrons WAGLER in SPIX, 1824 as nomen dubium and recognition of the name Leptotyphlops tenellus KLAUBER, 1939 (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Salamandra 45 (4): 239-244 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Gasc & Rodrigues 1980. Liste preliminaire des Serpents de la Guyane francaise. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (4): 559-598
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Klauber, L. M. 1939. Three new worm snakes of the genus Leptotyphlops. Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 9: 59-65. - get paper here
  • Koslowsky,J. 1895. Batracios y reptiles de Rioja y Catamarca. Rev. Mus. La Plata 6: 359-370 - get paper here
  • Lancini,A.R. & Kornacker,P.M. 1989. Die Schlangen von Venezuela. Armitano Editores C.A., Caracas, 1-381
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. & Lara, J. 2002. Die Schlangenfauna von Pozuzo (Peru) (Reptilia: Serpentes). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 22 (2): 353-359
  • Markezich, A.L. 2002. New distribution records of reptiles from Western Venezuela. Herpetological Review 33 (1): 69-74 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Miranda, M.E. & Tio Vallejo,M. 1985. El género Leptotyphlops en Argentina (Reptilia: Ophidia). 1: Grupos septemstriatus, dulcis y albifrons. Phisis 43 (105): 71-72
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Perez-Santos, C., & Moreno, A.G. 1991. Serpientes de Ecuador. Mus. Regionale di Sci. Natur., Torino, Monogr. 11, 538 pp.
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Rivas Fuenmayor, Gilson and Cesar Luis Barrio Amorós 2005. New Amphibian and Reptile records from Cojedes State, Venezuela. Herpetological Review 36 (2):205-209. - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Roze, J. A. 1952. Contribución al conocimiento de los ofidios de las familias Typhlopidae y Leptotyphlopidae en Venezuela. Mem. Soc. Cien. nat. La Salle, Caracas, 12 (32): 143-158
  • Schmidt, K. P, & ANDREWS, E. W. 1936. Notes on snakes from Yucatán. Field Mus. Nat Hist. Zool. Ser. 20: 167-187. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, O. 1977. Sobre o uso da largura da cabeca em substituicao a espessura corporal como um criterio sistematico nos scolecohidia (serpentes). Pap. Avulsos Zool. 31 (10): 169-172 - get paper here
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Smith, H. M.;List, J. C. 1958. The type of the blind snake Stenostoma albifrons. Herpetologica 14: 271 - get paper here
  • Starace, Fausto 1998. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. IBIS Rouge Editions, Guadeloupe, Guyane, 450 pp.
  • Valdivieso, D. & J.R. Tamsitt 1963. A Check List and Key to the Amphibian and Reptiles of Providencia and San Andres. Carib. J. Sci. 3 (2/3): 77-79
  • Wagler,J. 1824. Serpentum Brasiliensium species novae, ou histoire naturelle des espèces nouvelles de serpens. In: Jean de Spix, Animalia nova sive species novae. [NAtrix bahiensis: 27,. Monaco, Typis Franc. Seraph. Hübschmanni, vii + 75 pp.
  • Wallach, Van. 2016. Morphological review and taxonomic status of the Epictia phenops species group of Mesoamerica, with description of six new species and discussion of South American Epictia albifrons, E. goudotii, and E. tenella (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae: Epictinae Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 216-374 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Epictia&species=albifrons

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.



Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator