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Epictia albipuncta (BURMEISTER, 1861)

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Epictinae, Epictini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common Names 
SynonymStenostoma albifrons var. albipuncta BURMEISTER 1861
Stenostoma melanotermus COPE 1862: 350
Stenostoma (Typhlops) undecimstriatus var. albipuncta — JAN 1863: 15
Stenostoma flavifrons WEYENBERGH in NAPP 1876
Stenostoma melanostoma GÜNTHER 1893: 85 (in error)
Stenostoma melanosterna BOULENGER 1893 (in error)
Leptotyphlops weyrauchi OREJAS-MIRANDA 1964: 1
Leptotyphlops melanotermus — OREJAS-MIRANDA 1964: 4
Leptotyphlops albipuncta — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 168
Leptotyphlops albifrons ABALOS & MISCHIS 1975 (part.)
Leptotyphlops weyrauchi — FREIBERG 1982
Leptotyphlops albipuncta — CEI 1993
Leptotyphlops melanotermus — CEI 1993
Leptotyphlops weyrauchi — CEI 1993
Leptotyphlops melanotermus — LEYNAUD & BUCHER 1999: 11
Leptotyphlops weyrauchi — LEYNAUD & BUCHER 1999: 12
Leptotyphlops weyrauchi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 46
Leptotyphlops melanotermus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 37
Leptotyphlops albipunctus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 20
Epictia albipuncta — ADALSTEINSSON et al. 2009
Epictia melanoterma — WALLACH et al. 2014: 277
Epictia albipuncta — WALLACH et al. 2014: 275 
DistributionArgentina (Tucumán, Salta, Catamarca, Chaco, Córdoba, Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Jujuy, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquén, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero), Bolivia

Type locality: Tucumán, Argentina.

melanotermus (synonym): S Peru ?, Bolivia, W/S Paraguay, SW Brazil, N Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman, Catamarca, Santa Fe, Córdoba, Corrientes); Type locality: Corrientes, Argentina.

weyrauchi (synonym): Argentina (Tucuman, Santiago del Estero, Chaco, Cordoba); Type locality: Ciudad de Tucuman, Provincia de Tucuman, Argentina. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: MLU IZH-R 461 (Martin-Luther Universität Halle, Wittenberg. Institut für Zoologie. Zoologische Sammlungen).
Syntypes: (2) ANSP 3297-98 [melanotermus]
Holotype: Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Montevideo CH 911 [weyrauchi] 
CommentSynonymy after Kretzschmar 2006. Sometimes the describer is given as JAN 1861 but see KRETZSCHMAR 2006. 
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Burmeister,H. 1861. Reise durch die La Plata Staaten mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die physische Beschaffenheit und den Culturzustand der Argentinischen Republik. Ausgeführt in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 und 1860. Halle, H.W. Schmidt, 2: iv + 538 pp.
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Catalogues of the reptiles obtained during the explorations of the Parana Paraguay, Vermejo and Uruguay rivers, by Capt. Thos. J. Page, U.S.N.; and of those procured by Lieut. N. Michier, U. S. Top. Eng., Commander of the expedition conducting the su Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1862: 346-359. - get paper here
  • Fabrezi, M.;Marcus, A.;Scrocchi, G. 1985. Contribución al conocimiento de los Leptotyphlopidae de Argentina. I. Leptotyphlops weyrauchi y Leptotyphlops albipuncta. Cuadernos de Herpetología 1 (2): 1-20 - get paper here
  • FRANCISCO, BÁRBARA CRISTINA S.; ROBERTA R. PINTO & DANIEL S. FERNANDES 2012. Taxonomy of Epictia munoai (Orejas-Miranda, 1961) (Squamata: Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 3512: 42–52 - get paper here
  • Freiberg, M.A. 1982. Snakes of South America. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ, 189 pp.
  • Giraudo, A. R., and G. J. Scrocchi 2002. Argentinian Snakes: An Annotated Checklist. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (132): 1-53 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1861. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 2. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Jan,G. 1863. Elenco Sistematico degli Ofidi descriti e disegnati per l'Iconografia Generale. Milano, A. Lombardi. vii + 143 pp.
  • Kacoliris F.P.; Berkunsky I. & Williams J. 2006. Herpetofauna of Impenetrable, Argentinean Great Chaco. Phyllomedusa 5 (2): 149-158 - get paper here
  • Kretzschmar, Sonia 2006. Revisión histórica y redescripción de Leptotyphlops albipunctus (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Cuadernos de Herpetologia 19(2): 43-56 - get paper here
  • Laurent R F 1984. El genero Leptotyphlops en la coleccion de la Fundacion Miguel Lillo. Acta Zoologica Lilloana 38 (1): 29-34
  • Leynaud, Gerardo C. and Enrique H. Bucher 1999. La fauna de serpientes del Chaco Sudamericano: diversidad, distribución geografica y estado de conservación. Academia Nacional de Ciencias Miscelanea (98):1-46
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Orejas-Miranda, B.R. 1964. Dos nuevos Leptotyphlopidae de Sur America. Comun. Zool. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, 8 (103): 1-7
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Part II Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Weyenbergh in NAPP 1876. Die Argentinische Republik (Buenos Aires): 164
  • Williams,J.D. & Francini,F. 1991. A checklist of the Argentine snakes. Boll. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino 9 (1): 55-90
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