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Epictia antoniogarciai KOCH, VENEGAS & BÖHME, 2015

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Epictinae, Epictini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymEpictia antoniogarciai KOCH, VENEGAS & BÖHME 2015 
DistributionPeru (Cajamarca)

Type locality: vicinities of Santa Rosa de la Yunga Village, Jaén Province, Cajamarca Region, Peru (S 05°25’53.3’’, W 078°33’47.0’’, elevation 1268 m.a.s.l.).  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: CORBIDI 7678, collected by M. Enciso, S. Duran and C. Koch on 4 May 2009.
Paratypes (N = 4): three specimens from the vicinities Zapatalgo Village, Utcubamba Province, Amazonas Region, Peru: ZFMK 96676 (S 06°04’47.7’’, W 078°29’18.7’’, 934 m.a.s.l.), CORBIDI 5670, ZFMK 90934 (S 06°04’44.0’’, W 078°29’16.7’’, 968 m.a.s.l.), collected by A. Garcia Bravo and C. Koch between 07–09 December 2009; and one specimen from the type locality: CORBIDI 2069, collected in August 2008 by N. Monsalve. 
CommentDiagnosis. (1) 14 midbody scale rows; (2) 10 midtail scale rows; (3) 2 supralabials, first large and in broad contact with supraocular; (4) 14–18 subcaudals; (5) 195–208 mid-dorsal scale rows; (6) dorsal scales black with yellow margins; (7) rostral bright yellow or yellowish-white dorsally, and grayish-brown or blackish ventrally; (8) terminal spine and surrounding scales yellow; (9) ventral surface of head, body and tail almost completely grayish- brown or light-gray scattered with dark grayish-brown scales.

Comparisons [conditions for other Epictia in brackets]: By having 195–208 mid-dorsal scales this species has a higher number than E. collaris [155–166] and E. vanwallachi [188], and a lower number than E. albipuncta [213–285], E. alfredschmidti [267–279], E. borapeliotes [256–282], E. columbi [240–265], E. melanura [395– 396], E. rufidorsa [255–270], E. septemlineata [257], E. striatula [216–265], E. subcrotilla [318–333], E. teaguei [232–259], E. tesselata [258–283] and E. tricolor [285–310]. By having 14–18 subcaudal scales it further differs from E. columbi [22–25], E. melanura [18–20], E. munoai [10–14], E. nasalis [21] and E. tricolor [18–23]. By having a different color pattern with dorsal scales black with thin yellowish-white or bright yellow margins, and rostral and terminal portion of tail yellowish-white or bright yellow, it further differs from E. septemlineata [dorsum with seven black longitudinal stripes], E. rubrolineata [dorsal coloration red with 5 longitudinal stripes], E. rufidorsa [striped pattern with a red dorsal longitudinal stripe], E. teaguei [tricolor dorsal pattern of red, black and yellow stripes], E. tenella [dorsum dark brown with lateral edges of the scales lighter, forming a pattern of serrated longitudinal light lines] and E. vanwallachi [dorsal scales brown with thin white or yellowish margins, rostral grayish-brown]. 
EtymologyThis species is dedicated to Antonio Garcia Bravo, Peruvian biologist, in recognition of both, his support in the investigation of the Peruvian herpetofauna and his continued and unattenuated efforts in the conservation of the dry forests along the Marañón River. 
References
  • KOCH, CLAUDIA; PABLO J. VENEGAS & WOLFGANG BÖHME 2015. Three new endemic species of Epictia Gray, 1845 (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae) from the dry forest of northwestern Peru. Zootaxa 3964 (2): 228–244
  • Kwet, A. 2016. Liste der im Jahr 2015 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2016 (3): 56-67 - get paper here
 
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