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Eremias dzungarica ORLOVA, POYARKOV JR., CHIRIKOVA, NAZAROV, MUNKHBAATAR, MUNKHBAYAR & TERBISH, 2017

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesEnglish: Dzungarian racerunner
Mongolian: Züüngaryn gürvel
Russian: Dzhungarskaya yaschurka 
SynonymEremias dzungarica ORLOVA, POYARKOV JR., CHIRIKOVA, NAZAROV, MUNKHBAATAR, MUNKHBAYAR & TERBISH 2017
Eremias multiocellata — ANANJEVA 1972 (partim)
Eremias multiocellata — BANNIKOV et al. 1977
Eremias multiocellata — PROKOPOV 1978
Eremias multiocellata — BRUSHKO & KUBYKIN 1988
Eremias multiocellata — BRUSHKO 1995
Eremias multiocellata — ORLOVA 1995
Eremias multiocellata — ORLOVA & TERBISH 1997
Eremias multiocellata — SINDACO & JEREMCENKO 2008
Eremias multiocellata — TUNIYEV & ANANJEVA 2010
Eremias multiocellata yarkandensis — SZCZERBAK 1974 (partim) 
DistributionMongolia (Khovd Aimaq)

Type locality: Mongolia, Khovd Aimaq, Khoovor, 7 km west from Uyench Sum (= Uench-somon) (46° 05' N; 91° 56' E)  
Reproductionvivparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMMU R-12845, adult male, individual lable R-12845-4; collected on 12.08.2008 by V.F. Orlova (Figs. 3–6). Paratypes. ZMMU R-12846-2 and R-12846-5, two adult males, and R-12846-6 one adult female; collection data same as for the holotype: Mongolia, Khovd Aimaq, Khoovor, 7 km west Uench-somon 46° 05' N; 91° 56' E; collected on 12.08.2008 by V.F. Orlova (Fig. 7). ZMMU R-12846-7–R-12846-11, 5 juveniles; collection data same as for the holotype: Mongolia, Khovd Aimaq, Khoovor, 7 km west Uench-somon 46° 05' N; 91° 56' E; collected on 12.08.2008 by V.F. Orlova (Fig. 8). ZMMU R-12862-1 and R-12862-3, two adult males, and R-12862-2, one adult female; collected from: Mongolia, Khovd Aimaq, Bulgan-Somon, urochishe Bayan-Mod, 11 km west Ikher-Toli, on 13.08.2008 by G. Davaasuren (Fig. 7). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A member of the genus Eremias on the basis of the following morphological attributes: ventrals arranged in oblique series, converging at the midline of belly; absence of occipital; subnasal in contact with 1–3 supralabials; large transparent scales on the lower eyelid absent; canthus rostralis not developed (following Szczerbak 1974). A species belonging to the subgenus Pareremias on the basis of the following features: subocular not reaching mouth edge; one frontonasal; two supraoculars; the row of small granular scales between supraoculars and frontal with frontoparietals absent; distance between the femoral pore rows being wide; femoral pore rows not reaching knee-joint; coloration pattern with light colored ocelli with black edging (see Szczerbak 1974). A medium-sized lacertid lizard, maximum snout-vent length (SVL) = 64.5 mm, tail being ca. 1.5 times longer than body length (SVL), hindlimbs relatively long (Pp/SVL ratio 0.46); subocular scale not reaching mouth edge, in touch with 6–8 supralabials; males with bright coloration consisting of 2–3 dorsolateral rows of light-colored ocelli with thick black edging; the ventral row of ocelli in life is greenish to bluish; dorsal pattern consisting of black irregular blotches along the the middorsal line.

Comparisons. E. dzungarica sp. nov. is both most morphologically and molecularly similar to the members of E. multiocellata—E. przewalskii species complex from Central and Middle Asia (subgenus Pareremias); comparison with Eremias species inhabiting this region, as well as with other members of the subgenus Pareremias appear to be the most pertinent. 
CommentKaryotype. The Uyench population of the new species has 2n = 38 (36M + 2m), NF = 38; all chromosomes are acrocentric (Orlova & Terbish 1997). 
EtymologyThe specific name “dzungarica” is a Latin toponymic adjective in the nominative singular (feminine gender), referring to the distribution of the new species covering the area of Dzungaria, now in easternmost Kazakhstan, northern part of Chinese Xinjiang and the westernmost part of Mongolia (Dzungarian Gobi). 
References
  • Ananjeva, N.B. 1972. New data on distribution of two racerunner species in Kazakhstan. [in Russian] Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Kazakhskoi SSR, 1: 50.
  • Bannikov, A.G., Darevsky, I.S., Iscenko, V.G., Rustamov, A.K., & Shcherbak, M.M. [= Szczerbak] 1977. Opredelitel' zemnovon'ikh i presmykaiushchikhsia faun'i SSSR [Guide to the amphibian & reptile fauna of the USSR, in Russian]. Izdatel'stvo Prosveshchenie, Moskva 413 pp.
  • Brushko, S.K.; Kubykin, R.A. 1988. Katalog der herpetologischen Collektion des Zool. Institutes der Kassachischen SSR [in Russian]. Verlag Wissenschaft Alma Ata : 1-41
  • Brushko, Z.K. 1995. Lizards of desert regions of Kazakhstan. [in Russian] Kazakhstan National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Zoology, Almaty, 232 pp.
  • Orlova, V.F. 1995. Distribution and variability of Eremias multiocellata Günther from the East Kazakhstan region (Kazakhstan). Programme and Abstracts of the 8th O. G.M. of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica, 23–27, VIII, 1995, Bonn, pp. 90
  • Orlova, V.F. & Terbish, Kh. 1997. Family Lacertidae Cope, 1864. In: Amphibians and Reptiles of Mongolia. [in Russian] Reptiles. KMK Ltd., Moscow, pp. 133–266.
  • ORLOVA, VALENTINA F.; NIKOLAY A. JR. POYARKOV, MARINA A. CHIRIKOVA, ROMAN A. NAZAROV, MUNKHBAYAR MUNKHBAATAR, KHORLOOGHIYN MUNKHBAYAR, KHAYANKHYARVAGIJN TERBISH 2017. MtDNA differentiation and taxonomy of Central Asian racerunners of Eremias multiocellata-E. przewalskii species complex (Squamata, Lacertidae) Zootaxa 4282 (1): 001–042 - get paper here
  • Prokopov, K.P. 1978. A record of the multiocellated racerunner Eremias multiocellata in Zayssan Depression. [in Russian] Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Kazakhskoi SSR, Seriya Biologicheskaya, 1: 40–41.
  • Shcherbak, N. [= Szczerbak] 1974. Yashchurki palearktiki [Palearctic Desert Lizards]. Kiev, Naukova dumka, 296 pp.
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Tuniyev, B.S. & Ananjeva, N.B. 2010. Faunistic studies in Eastern Kazakhstan and biogeographic features of its herpetofauna. In: Herpetological researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries. [in Russian] ACBKˆKBCU, Almaty, pp. 194–202.
 
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