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Eremias grammica (LICHTENSTEIN, 1823)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesReticulate Racerunner 
SynonymLacerta grammica LICHTENSTEIN 1823
Podarcis grammica — WAGLER 1830
Scapteira grammica — WIEGMANN 1834
Scapteira grammica — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 283
Eremias (Scapteira) grammica — LANTZ 1928: 117
Scapteira persica NIKOLSKY 1900
Eremias zarudnyi LANTZ 1928
Eremias grammica — LAMBERT 2002
Eremias grammica — SZCZERBAK 2003
Eremias grammica — ŠMÍD et al. 2014
Scapteira grammica — DAVLETBAKOV et al. 2016 
DistributionS Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, NE Iran, N Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan,
NW China (W Xinjiang)

Type locality: Karakumy Desert; Turkestan  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntype: NMW 17244
Lectotype: ZMB 1095 (designated by Shcherbak 1974) 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.)

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
Etymology 
References
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Barashkina J.V. 1987. On the structure of home ranges of reticulate racerunner Eremias grammica in Eastern Kara Kum. Izv. AN Turk. SSR. Ser. Biol. Nauk, 1987, No1: 66-69 [in Russian]
  • Barashkina J.V., Kaplin V.G. 1987. Special features of food habits of reticulate racerunner Eremias grammica in Eastern Kara Kum. Biol. Nauki. 1987, No2: 40-44 [in Russian]
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Günther, Rainer 1995. An annotated type catalogue of the lacertids (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 71 (1): 37-62
  • Chirikova M.A. 2007. Variability in the pholidosis of the head, preanal area and limbs in four species of the genus EREMIAS (REPTILIA, LACERTIDAE) in Kazakhstan and the surrounding region. [in Russian] Vestnik Kaz. Al-Farabi. Biology Series. Almaty 2 (32): 113-121
  • Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables - get paper here
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Guo, Xianguang; Xin Daib, Dali Chen, Theodore J. Papenfuss, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Daniel A. Melnikov, Yuezhao Wang 2011. Phylogeny and divergence times of some racerunner lizards (Lacertidae: Eremias) inferred from mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene segments. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 400–412 - get paper here
  • Kupriyanova, L. A. 1994. Structure, localization and stability of chromosomes in karyotype evolution in lizards of the Lacertidae family. Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (2): 161-168 - get paper here
  • Lambert, M.R.K. 2002. Preliminary observations on herpetofaunal diversity in the Almaty region, Southern Kazakhstan (September 1998). Herpetological Bulletin (79): 7-13 - get paper here
  • Lantz,L.A. 1928. Les Eremias de l’Asia Occidentale. Bull. Mus. Géorgie vols. 4/5: 136 pp. - get paper here
  • Lichtenstein, M. HINRICH C. 1823. Verzeichniss der Doubletten des zoologischen Museums der Königl. Universität zu Berlin nebst Beschreibung vieler bisher unbekannter Arten von Säugethieren, Vögeln, Amphibien und Fischen. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss./ T. Trautwein, Berlin. x, 118 pages - get paper here
  • Lixia, Wan; Shihong, Sun; Yuanting, Jin; Yongfeng, Yan; Naifa, Liu 2007. Molecular phylogeography of the Chinese lacertids of the genus Eremias (Lacertidae) based on 16S rRNA mitochondrial DNA sequences. Amphibia-Reptilia 28 (1): 33-41 - get paper here
  • Martin T, Guillemin M, Nivet-Mazerolles V, Landsmann C, Dubos J, Eudeline R, and Stroud J. 2017. The herpetofauna of central Uzbekistan. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 11(1) [General Section]: 93–107 - get paper here
  • Mishagina J.V. 1991. Soil and litter invertebrates in diet of sandy desert lizards. Izv. AN Turk SSR. Ser. Biol.Nauk, 1991, No 5:59-62 [in Russian]
  • Mishagina J.V. 2008. Ecological groups of preys in Eastern Kara Kum psammobiont lizards, Eremias (Lacertidae) and Phrynocephalus (Agamidae). The Problems of Herpetology (Proceedings of the 3rd Meeting of the Nikolsky Herpetological Society). Saint-Petersburg, 2008, pp. 298-307 [in Russian] - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Shcherbak, N. [= Szczerbak] 1974. Yashchurki palearktiki [Palearctic Desert Lizards]. Kiev, Naukova dumka, 296 pp.
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097
  • Stakmakova V.A., Rzhepakovsky V.T. 1981. Phrynocephalus mystaceus and Eremias grammica as components of hilly sands of Eastern Kara Kum. Ekologiya 1981: 92-94 [in Russian]
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Tzellarius, A. Y. 1977. A contribution to the ecology of Eremias grammica (Lacertidae, Sauria) in East Karakumy (in Russian). Zool. Zhur. 56, 224-231
  • Wettstein, O. 1940. Eidechsen aus dem Tien-Shan-Gebiet. Zool. Anz. 130 (3/4): 83-89
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
 
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