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Eremias lalezharica MORAVEC, 1994

IUCN Red List - Eremias lalezharica - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Lalehzar Racerunner 
SynonymEremias (Eremias) lalezharica MORAVEC 1994
Eremias lalezharica — ANDERSON 1999
Eremias (Dimorphea) lalezharica — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Eremias lalezharica — GHOLAMIFARD 2011
Eremias lalezharica — NASRABADI et al. 2017 
DistributionSE Iran (Kerman: Mt. Lalezhar region)

Type locality: “Lalezhar, 29º31'N, 56º51'E, N foot of Mt. Lalezhar” [=Lalehzar fide US Board of Geographical Names, Gazetter #19, Iran], Kerman Province, Iran, 2800-3100 m elevation” [ANDERSON 1999]  
TypesHolotype: NMP 6V (was: MNHP) 34555/3; paratypes: ZFMK, NMP 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: "A species of subgenus Eremias (subocular bordering mouth, only one frontonasal, two supraoculars, femoral pore series separated by a very short space and reach the knee ...). It differs from all other known species by several [3-5 (8)] smaller shields situated laterally and posterior to each fourth submaxillary shield, instead of a distinct individual fifth submaxillary. The fifth [sic; fourth] submaxillary is exceptionally well developed and the smaller shields are located laterally and posteriorly to it. The smaller shields can also surround the fourth submaxillary and together with it border the third submaxillary. Higher rate of separation of fourth (41.7%) and third (16.7%) submaxillary shields from lower labials, as consequence of above described arrangement of the chin shields, is another characteristic feature ofthe new species ..." (Moravec, 1994:61, cited after Anderson 1999: 217).

Color pattern: (Fig. 99) (In preservative, initial fixation in formalin) two dorsal and two dorsolateral light longitudinal stripes more or less interrupted into small whitish spots; lateral and median edges ofthese spots bordered with black; on flank a light lateral stripe from posterior edge of ear to groin; between dorsolateral and lateral stripes a row of formerly blue ocelli extending from in front of forelimbs to above insertion of hindlimbs; ocelli sporadically associated, above or below, with other smaller spots; upper labials dark with white markings; dorsal surface oflimbs dark with lighter spots; venter white, lateral ventrals marked with black. Males have more conspicuous ocelli with better developed black margins fusing to form conspicuous dark lateral stripe; females have less interrupted dorsolateral and dorsal light stripes. (Moravec, 1994:64, fig. 2; cited after Anderson 1999: 217). 
CommentDistribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2014. Herpetology in Bonn. Mertensiella 21. vi + 256 pp. - get paper here
  • Gholamifard, A 2011. Endemism in the reptile fauna of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 7 (1) - get paper here
  • Hosseinian Yousefkhani, S.S. & Rastegar Pouyani, E. 2013. Easternmost locality of Eremias lalezharica MORAVEC, 1994 with description of habitat details, in Kerman province, Iran. [email protected] (Eidechsen Online) 2013 [4]: 21-24 - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • Moravec,J. 1994. A new lizard from Iran, Eremias (Eremias) lalezharica sp. n. (Reptilia: Lacertilia: Lacertidae). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 45: 61-66 - get paper here
  • NASRABADI, REZA; NASRULLAH RASTEGAR-POUYANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI, AHMAD GHARZI 2017. A revised key to the lizards of Iran (Reptilia: Squamata: Lacertilia). Zootaxa 4227 (3): 431–443 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, ESKANDAR; SAEED HOSSEINIAN, SOOLMAZ RAFIEE, HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABIZADEH, MICHAEL WINK 2016. A new species of the genus Eremias Fitzinger, 1834 (Squamata: Lacertidae) from Central Iran, supported by mtDNA sequences and morphology. Zootaxa 4132 (2): 207–220 - get paper here
  • Rastegar-Pouyani, Nasrullah and Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani 2001. A new species of Eremias (Sauria: Lacertidae) from highlands of Kermanshah Province, western Iran. Asiatic Herpetological Research. 9: 107-112. - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
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