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Eremias przewalskii (STRAUCH, 1876)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGobi Racerunner
Russian: Ящурка Пржевальского 
SynonymPodarces (Eremias) Przewalskii STRAUCH 1876
Podarces (Eremias) Kessleri STRAUCH 1876
Podarces (Eremias) brachydactyla STRAUCH 1876
Eremias przewalskii BOULENGER 1887: 105
Eremias przewalskii tuvensis SZCZERBAK 1970
Eremias przewalskii tuvensis — BORKIN & DAREVSKY 1987
Eremias przewalskii — SZCZERBAK 2003
Eremias (Pareremias) przewalskii — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionW/C/S Mongolia and adjacent parts of Russia (S Tuwinia, Tuva),
N China (Nei Mongol = Inner Mongolia west to Qinghai and Xinjiang)
E Kyrgyzstan

Type locality: Alashan Desert, China  
Reproductionvivparous 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.7.30 (and possibly additional specimens). 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: Orlova et al. 2017 found no differences in mtDNA sequences between Tuva population and the rest of species range. Morphological characters chosen by Szczerbak (1970) for recognition of E. przewalskii tuvensis as a separate taxon are subjected to significant clinal variation from north to south (Dely 1979; 1980; Orlova 1992); thus there is no basis for recognition of E. przewalskii tuvensis as a vaid subspecies, thus Orlova et al. 2017 proposed to regard it as a synonym of a monotypic E. przewalskii.

Plate 28A in ZHAO & ADLER 1993.

Distribution: not in Kazakhstan fide Dujsebayeva (2010 and pers. comm., 6 Feb 2012).

Subspecies: Eremias przewalskii nested within Eremias multiocellata in the study by GUO et al. 2011, and thus may be a subspecies of multiocellata or the latter may be split up into a number of additional species. GUO et al. 2011 didn’t make any of those decisions as current data doesn’t seem sufficient. 
Etymologynamed after General Nikolai Mikhailovitch Przewalski (1839-1888), a Russian Cossack naturalist who explored Central Asia (Beolens et al. 2009). 
References
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2009. The Eponym Dictionary of Mammals. Johns Hopkins University Press, 592 pp. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • BISCHOFF, W. & J.F. SCHMIDTLER 2013. NIKOLAI MICHAILOWITSCH PRZEWALSKI und “sein” Wüstenrenner Eremias przewalskii (STRAUCH, 1876). Die Eidechse 24 (3): 90-95.
  • Borkin L.Ya., Darevsky I.S. 1987. List of amphibians and reptiles of the USSR fauna // Amphibians and reptiles of protected areas. [in Russian] Collection of scientific papers. Moscow: Central Research Institute of Glavokhoty of the RSFSR. Pp. 128-141
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles of Russia. Atlas and determination. 2nd. ed. Moscow: Phyton XXI, 328 p
  • Guo, Xianguang; Xin Daib, Dali Chen, Theodore J. Papenfuss, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Daniel A. Melnikov, Yuezhao Wang 2011. Phylogeny and divergence times of some racerunner lizards (Lacertidae: Eremias) inferred from mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene segments. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 400–412 - get paper here
  • Lixia, Wan; Shihong, Sun; Yuanting, Jin; Yongfeng, Yan; Naifa, Liu 2007. Molecular phylogeography of the Chinese lacertids of the genus Eremias (Lacertidae) based on 16S rRNA mitochondrial DNA sequences. Amphibia-Reptilia 28 (1): 33-41 - get paper here
  • Mocquard, M.F. 1910. Voyage de M. le D Louis Vaillant dans l'Asie centrale ( Mission Pelliot) Reptiles et batrachiens. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 3: 145-153 - get paper here
  • Orlova V.F., Dunayev E.A., Nazarov R.A., Terbish Kh., Erdentushig P. 2014. Materials on the South-Western Mongolia herpetofauna. Current Studies in Herpetology 14 (1/2): 32–43 - get paper here
  • Orlova, Valentina F. 1992. Intrapopulational and geographic variation of Eremias przewalskii Strauch in Mongolia. Asiatic Herpetological Research 4: 113-122 - get paper here
  • ORLOVA, VALENTINA F.; NIKOLAY A. JR. POYARKOV, MARINA A. CHIRIKOVA, ROMAN A. NAZAROV, MUNKHBAYAR MUNKHBAATAR, KHORLOOGHIYN MUNKHBAYAR, KHAYANKHYARVAGIJN TERBISH 2017. MtDNA differentiation and taxonomy of Central Asian racerunners of Eremias multiocellata-E. przewalskii species complex (Squamata, Lacertidae) Zootaxa 4282 (1): 001–042 - get paper here
  • Strauch in: PRZEWALSKI, N.M. 1876. Mongoliya i Strana Tangutov. Tryokhletneye puteshestviye v Vostochnoj Nagoruoj Asii (= Mongolia and the Tangut Country. A Three-Year Travel in Eastern High Asia). Volumes 1-2. Imper. Russ. Geogr. Soc., St. Petersburg (in Russian; English edition, London 1876, French edition, Paris 1880, German edition, Jena 1887; abridged Russian edition with added notes, Moscow 1946). - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 1970. New subspecies Eremias przewalskii tuvensis sp. n. (Sauria, Reptilia) from the Tuva Autonomous Soviet Specialist Republic and data on the species systematics as a whole. Vest. Zool. 1970(3):31-36
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Truweller, K. A.;Makarov, A. N.;Orlova, V. F. 1994. Method of the simplified evaluation of genetic differentiation of the Asian Eremias lizards (Sauria: Lacertidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (2): 133-142 - get paper here
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
 
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