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Erythrolamprus festae (PERACCA, 1897)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Drab Ground Snake 
SynonymRhadinaea festae PERACCA 1897: 16
Liophis festae — AMARAL 1929: 171
Liophis festae — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 177
Liophis festae — DE FROTA et al. 2005
Erythrolamprus festae — GRAZZIOTIN et al. 2012
Liophis festae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 381
Erythrolamprus festae — TORRES-CARVAJAL & HINOJOSA 2020 
DistributionEcuador, Peru; elevation 1000-2500 m.

Type locality: Valley of Rio Santiago, Ecuador  
TypesHolotype: MRSN (= MSNTO) = MZUT R2178 
CommentLiophis festae has been thought to be conspecific with L. taeniurus but is now considered as a valid species (DIXON 2000).

Distribution: reported from Pará in Brazil (HR 32: 278) but apparently in error fide Caldeira-Costa, pers. comm. 14 April 2016. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Enrico Festa (1868-1939), an Italian zoologist. He visited Egypt, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria (1893) and collected in Panama and Ecuador (1895-1898). He worked for Museo e Instituto di Zoologia Sistematica dell'Universita di Torino (1899-1923) as Deputy Assistant Professor (1899), retiring as Honorary Vice Director (Beolens et al. 2011: 89). 
  • Amaral,A. do 1930. Estudos sobre ophidios neotropicos XVIII. Lista remissiva dos ophidios da região neotropica. Mem. Inst. Butantan 4: 126-271 [1929] - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Dixon, J.R. 2000. Ecuadorian, Peruvian, and Bolivian snakes of the Liophis taeniurus complex with descriptions of two new species. Copeia 2000 (2): 482-490 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 1989. A key and checklist to the neotropical snake genus Liophis with country lists and maps. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (79): 1-40 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. Markezich, Allan L. 1979. Rediscovery of Liophis taeniurus Tschudi (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae) and its relationship to other Andean colubrid snakes. Journal of Herpetology 13 (3): 317-320 - get paper here
  • Dobiey, M. & Böhme, W. 2008. Die Herpetofauna des Tabacones Namballe Schutzgebietes (SNTN) und der umliegenden Andenwälder in San Ignacio, Cajamarca, Nordperu. Elaphe 16 (2): 26-28
  • Frota, J.G. da; Pedroso dos Santos-Jr, Alfredo; Menezes-Chalkidis, H. de & Guimarães Guedes, A. 2005. AS SERPENTES DA REGIÃO DO BAIXO RIO AMAZONAS, OESTE DO ESTADO DO PARÁ, BRASIL (SQUAMATA). Biociências 13 (2): 211-220 - get paper here
  • Grazziotin, Felipe G.; Hussam Zaher, Robert W. Murphy, Gustavo Scrocchi, Marco A. Benavides, Ya-Ping Zhang and Sandro L. Bonatto 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. Cladistics DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00393.x - get paper here
  • Peracca, M.G. 1897. Viaggio del Dr. Enrico Festa nell’Ecuador e regioni vicine. IV. Rettili. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia e di Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino 12 (300): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O. and Hinojosa, K. C. 2020. Hidden diversity in two widespread snake species (Serpentes: Xenodontini: Erythrolamprus) from South America. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 146: 106772
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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