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Erythrolamprus viridis (GÜNTHER, 1862)

IUCN Red List - Erythrolamprus viridis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesErythrolamprus viridis viridis (GÜNTHER 1862)
Erythrolamprus viridis prasinus (JAN & SORDELLI 1866) 
Common NamesCrown Ground Snake 
SynonymLiophis viridis GÜNTHER 1862: 58
Liophis typhlus var. prasina JAN 1866
Liophis viridis — BOULENGER 1894: 135
Leimadophis viridis — AMARAL 1926
Leimadophis viridis — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 150
Dromicus veridis — CORDEIRO & HOGE 1974 (in error)
Leimadophis viridis — STRATHEMANN 1983
Liophis viridis — VANZOLINI in PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1986: 16
Erythrolamprus viridis — GRAZZIOTIN et al. 2012
Liophis viridis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 387
Erytrolamprus viridis — SANTOS-CALDAS et al. 2016 (in error) 
DistributionS/E Brazil (Bahia, S Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte)

Type locality: Brazil (Pernambuco)

prasinus: NE Brazil (Minas Gerais, Rio Grande do Norte) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.5.69 
CommentSynonymy after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.

Distribution: Not in Paraguay (Paul Smith, pers. comm., 27 Apr 2014). 
References
  • Amaral,A. do 1926. Rev. Mus. Paulista 15: 78 (?)
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Cordeiro, C.L. & Hoge, A.R. 1974. Contribuição ao conhecimento das serpentes do Estado de Pernambuco. Mem. Inst. Butantan 37: 261-290 [1973] - get paper here
  • Dixon J R 1985. A new species of the colubrid snake genus Liophis from Brazil. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 98 (2): 295-302 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 1989. A key and checklist to the neotropical snake genus Liophis with country lists and maps. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (79): 1-40 - get paper here
  • Dixon,J.R. 1987. Taxonomy and geographic variation of Liophis typhlus and related "green" species of South America (Serpentes: Colubridae). Annals of the Carnegie Museum 52 (6): 113-138
  • Freire, E.M.X., G.O. Skuk, M.F. Kolodiuk, L.B. Ribeiro, B.S. Maggi, L.S. Rodrigues, W.L.S. Vieira and A.C.G.P. Falcão. 2009. Répteis Squamata das Caatingas do Seridó do Rio Grande do Norte e do Cariri da Paraíba: síntese do conhecimento atual e perspectivas; pp. 51–84, in: E.M.X. Freire (eds.). Recursos naturais das Caatingas: uma visão multidisciplinar. Natal: Editora da UFRN
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Guarino R. Colli, Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Luiz Trinchão, Daniel Araújo, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de França, Renato Gaiga, Pedro Dias 2016. Snakes of Cerrado localities in western Bahia, Brazil. Check List 12 (3): 1896 - get paper here
  • Grazziotin, Felipe G.; Hussam Zaher, Robert W. Murphy, Gustavo Scrocchi, Marco A. Benavides, Ya-Ping Zhang and Sandro L. Bonatto 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. Cladistics DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00393.x - get paper here
  • Günther, ALBERT 1862. On new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 9: 52-67. - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B.; D.P. Coelho; A.B. D’Angiolella; E.J.R. Dias; R.M. Lira-da-Silva. 2013. The Reptile Collection of the Museu de Zoologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil. Check List 9 (2):257-262 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1866. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 18. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Lambertz, M. 2010. Kommentierte Liste der squamaten Reptilien des Sanddünengebietes am mittleren Rio São Francisco (Bahia, Brasilien) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung endemischer Faunenelemente. Ophidia 4 (2): 2-17 - get paper here
  • Nascimento de Oliveira, Camila; Sérgio Luiz da Silva Muniz, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2016. Reptiles of an urban Atlantic Rainforest fragment in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 9: 175-183 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Schmidt, K. E, & INGER, R. F. 1951. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hopkins-Branner expedition to Brazil. Fieldiana: Zoology 31: 439-465 - get paper here
  • Silva, Marcélia Basto da; Wáldima Alves da Rocha, Janete Diane Nogueira-Paranhos 2016. CHECKLIST OF REPTILES FROM AN AREA OF CERRADO-CAATINGA ECOTONE, EAST MARANHÃO, BRAZIL. Herpetology Notes 9: 7-14 - get paper here
  • Strathemann, U. 1983. Leimadophis viridis und Leimadophis sagittifer im Hydrokulturterrarium. Herpetofauna 5 (22): 23-25 - get paper here
  • Vitt, Laurie J.; Vangilder, Larry D. 1983. Ecology of a snake community in northeastern Brazil. Amphibia-Reptilia 4: 273-296 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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