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Erythrolamprus viridis (GÜNTHER, 1862)

IUCN Red List - Erythrolamprus viridis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesErythrolamprus viridis viridis (GÜNTHER 1862)
Erythrolamprus viridis prasinus (JAN & SORDELLI 1866) 
Common NamesCrown Ground Snake 
SynonymLiophis viridis GÜNTHER 1862: 58
Liophis typhlus var. prasina JAN 1866
Liophis viridis — BOULENGER 1894: 135
Leimadophis viridis — AMARAL 1926
Leimadophis viridis — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 150
Dromicus veridis — CORDEIRO & HOGE 1974 (in error)
Leimadophis viridis — STRATHEMANN 1983
Liophis viridis — VANZOLINI in PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1986: 16
Erythrolamprus viridis — GRAZZIOTIN et al. 2012
Liophis viridis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 387
Erytrolamprus viridis — SANTOS-CALDAS et al. 2016 (in error) 
DistributionS/E Brazil (Bahia, S Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte)

Type locality: Brazil (Pernambuco)

prasinus: NE Brazil (Minas Gerais, Rio Grande do Norte) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.5.69 
CommentSynonymy after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.

Distribution: Not in Paraguay (Paul Smith, pers. comm., 27 Apr 2014). 
References
  • Amaral,A. do 1926. Rev. Mus. Paulista 15: 78 (?)
  • Andrade, H. & Do Reis Dias, E.J. 2017. Erythrolamprus viridis (Green-snake) Defensive behavior. Herpetological Review 48 (4): 859
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Cordeiro, C.L. & Hoge, A.R. 1974. Contribuição ao conhecimento das serpentes do Estado de Pernambuco. Mem. Inst. Butantan 37: 261-290 [1973] - get paper here
  • Dixon J R 1985. A new species of the colubrid snake genus Liophis from Brazil. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 98 (2): 295-302 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 1989. A key and checklist to the neotropical snake genus Liophis with country lists and maps. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (79): 1-40 - get paper here
  • Dixon,J.R. 1987. Taxonomy and geographic variation of Liophis typhlus and related "green" species of South America (Serpentes: Colubridae). Annals of the Carnegie Museum 52 (6): 113-138
  • Freire, E.M.X., G.O. Skuk, M.F. Kolodiuk, L.B. Ribeiro, B.S. Maggi, L.S. Rodrigues, W.L.S. Vieira and A.C.G.P. Falcão. 2009. Répteis Squamata das Caatingas do Seridó do Rio Grande do Norte e do Cariri da Paraíba: síntese do conhecimento atual e perspectivas; pp. 51–84, in: E.M.X. Freire (eds.). Recursos naturais das Caatingas: uma visão multidisciplinar. Natal: Editora da UFRN
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Elbano Paschoal de Figueiredo Moraes 2018. Herpetofauna from Serra da Jibóia, an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in the state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil Herpetology Notes 11: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Guarino R. Colli, Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Luiz Trinchão, Daniel Araújo, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de França, Renato Gaiga, Pedro Dias 2016. Snakes of Cerrado localities in western Bahia, Brazil. Check List 12 (3): 1896 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antônio; Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, José Soares da Silva Neto, Daniel Araujo & Jonathan Márcio Soares da Silva 2016. Snakes of Juazeiro, Bahia, Middle of São Francisco River, Brazil. Bol. Mus. Biol. Mello Leitão (N. Sér.) 38(4): 331-345.
  • Grazziotin, Felipe G.; Hussam Zaher, Robert W. Murphy, Gustavo Scrocchi, Marco A. Benavides, Ya-Ping Zhang and Sandro L. Bonatto 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. Cladistics DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00393.x - get paper here
  • Guedes, Thaís B.;<br />Ricardo J. Sawaya,<br />Alexander Zizka,<br />Shawn Laffan,<br />Søren Faurby,<br />R. Alexander Pyron,<br />Renato S. Bérnils,<br />Martin Jansen,<br />Paulo Passos,<br />Ana L. C. Prudente,<br />Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia,<br 2017. Patterns, biases and prospects in the distribution and diversity of Neotropical snakes. Global Ecol Biogeogr 00:1–8 - get paper here
  • Günther, ALBERT 1862. On new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 9: 52-67. - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B.; D.P. Coelho; A.B. D’Angiolella; E.J.R. Dias; R.M. Lira-da-Silva. 2013. The Reptile Collection of the Museu de Zoologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil. Check List 9 (2):257-262 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1866. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 18. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Lambertz, M. 2010. Kommentierte Liste der squamaten Reptilien des Sanddünengebietes am mittleren Rio São Francisco (Bahia, Brasilien) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung endemischer Faunenelemente. Ophidia 4 (2): 2-17 - get paper here
  • Nascimento de Oliveira, Camila; Sérgio Luiz da Silva Muniz, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2016. Reptiles of an urban Atlantic Rainforest fragment in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 9: 175-183 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Schmidt, K. E, & INGER, R. F. 1951. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hopkins-Branner expedition to Brazil. Fieldiana: Zoology 31: 439-465 - get paper here
  • Silva, Marcélia Basto da; Wáldima Alves da Rocha, Janete Diane Nogueira-Paranhos 2016. CHECKLIST OF REPTILES FROM AN AREA OF CERRADO-CAATINGA ECOTONE, EAST MARANHÃO, BRAZIL. Herpetology Notes 9: 7-14 - get paper here
  • Strathemann, U. 1983. Leimadophis viridis und Leimadophis sagittifer im Hydrokulturterrarium. Herpetofauna 5 (22): 23-25 - get paper here
  • Vitt, Laurie J.; Vangilder, Larry D. 1983. Ecology of a snake community in northeastern Brazil. Amphibia-Reptilia 4: 273-296 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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