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Eryx conicus (SCHNEIDER, 1801)

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Erycinae, Erycidae), Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesEryx conicus conicus (SCHNEIDER 1801)
Eryx conicus brevis DERANIYAGALA 1951 
Common NamesE: Rough-tailed Sand Boa, Common Sand Boa
G: Gefleckte Sandboa, Rauhschwanz-Sandboa 
SynonymBoa conica SCHNEIDER 1801: 268
Gongylophis conicus — WAGLER 1830 (not verified)
Erix bengalensis — CUVIER 1837: plate 26
Eryx conicus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 470
Eryx conicus var. laevis PETERS 1869: 436
Gongylophis conicus — BOULENGER 1892: 75
Eryx conicus — BOULENGER 1893: 124
Eryx conicus — SMITH 1943: 112
Gongylophis conicus — TOKAR 1995
Eryx conicus — BAUER 1998
Gongylophis conicus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 211
Eryx conicus — KHAN 2002 (pers. comm.)
Eryx conicus — SHARMA 2004
Gongylophis conicus — WHITAKER & CAPTAIN 2004
Eryx conicus — AVADHANI 2005
Eryx conica conica — MURTHY 2010
Eryx conicus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 287

Eryx conicus brevis DERANIYAGALA 1951
Gongylophis conicus brevis — JONES 2004 
DistributionPakistan, Nepal, India (Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra [A. Captain, pers. Comm.], Punjab [Dino Aulakh, pers. comm.], Gujarat), Sri Lanka

Type locality: “India orientali”, i.e. Tranquebar (BAUER 1998). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesSyntype: ZMB 1470
Holotype: NMSL [brevis] 
CommentType species: Gongylophis conicus is the type species of the genus Gongylophis WAGLER 1830.

Map: Das 1991 
References
  • Ahmad, Faysal, Shayer Mahmood Ibney Alam and Tania Khondakar. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Eryx conicus (common sand boa). Herpetological Review 46 (4): 572-573
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  • Avadhani, R. 2005. Snakes of India. Reptilia (GB) (41): 32-37 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M. 1998. South Asian Herpetological specimens of historical note in the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Hamadryad 23 (2): 133-149 [1999] - get paper here
  • Bhardwaj, D. 2007. Rough-scaled sand Boa (Eryx conicus) predation on a Bengal Monitor (Varanus bengalensis). Biawak 1 (1): 34 - get paper here
  • Bhattarai, Santosh; Chiranjibi P. Pokheral, Baburam Lamichhane,, and Naresh Subedi 2017. Herpetofauna of a Ramsar Site: Beeshazar and Associated Lakes, Chitwan National Park, Nepal. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 24 (1): 17-29 - get paper here
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1892. Description of a new snake from Nubia. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 9: 74-76 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Chevenix Trench, C.G. 1918. Occurrence of Russell's Earth Snake (Eryx conicus) at 2,200 feet altitude in the C. P. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 25: 151 - get paper here
  • Cuvier, G. 1837. The animal kingdom arranged according to its organization, serving as a foundation for the natural history of animals and an introduction to comparative anatomy. Vol II (reptiles - fishes). London, G. Henderson [dated 1834 in archive.org but scan says 1837] - get paper here
  • Das I 1991. A new species of Eryx (Boidae: Serpentes: Squamata) from south-western India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 88 (1): 92-97 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & De Silva, A. 2005. Photographic guide to snakes and other reptiles of Sri Lanka. New Holland Publishers, 144 pp.
  • Das, Indraneil 1991. Morphometrics of Eryx conicus (Schneider) at a locality in South India (Squamata: Boidae). Hamadryad 16: 21-24 - get paper here
  • de Silva, A. 1998. Snakes of Sri Lanka: a checklist and an annotated bibliography. Dept. Wildlife Conservation/GEF/UNDP/FAO, Colombo.
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  • Mahony, Stephen; Md. Kamrul Hasan, Md. Mofizul Kabir, Mushfiq Ahmed and Md. Kamal Hossain. 2009. A catalogue of amphibians and reptiles in the collection of Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Hamadryad 34 (1): 80 – 94
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