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Eurylepis taeniolata BLYTH, 1854

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesEurylepis taeniolata arabica (SZCZERBAK 1990)
Eurylepis taeniolata parthianica (SZCZERBAK 1990)
Eurylepis taeniolata taeniolata BLYTH 1854 
Common NamesRibbon-Sided Skink, Alpine Punjab Skink, Yellow-bellied Mole Skink
parthianicus: Parthian Skink 
SynonymEurylepis taeniolatus BLYTH 1854
Eumeces taeniolatus — STOLICZKA 1872: 75
Mabouia taeniolata — ANDERSON 1871: 184
Plestiodon scutatus THEOBALD 1868: 25 (fide SMITH 1935)
Eumeces scutatus — BOULENGER 1887: 382 (fide SMITH 1935)
Eurylepis taeniolatus — DUNN 1933
Eurylepis scutatus — DUNN 1933
Eumeces taeniolatus — SMITH 1935: 342
Eumeces taeniolatus — TAYLOR 1936: 111
Eumeces taeniolatus — HAAS 1957: 74
Eumeces taeniolatus — DAS 1996: 46
Eumeces taeniolatus — KHAN & KHAN 1997
Eumeces taeniolatus — ANDERSON 1999
Eurylepis taeniolatus — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Eumeces taeniolatus — KHAN 2002 (pers. comm.)
Eumeces taeniolatus — SZCZERBAK 2003
Eurylepis taeniolatus — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Eumeces taeniolatus — BAIG et al. 2008
Eumeces taeniolatus — DATTA-ROY 2017
Eurylepis taeniolatus — PATEL & VYAS 2019

Eurylepis taeniolata arabicus (SHCHERBAK 1990)
Eumeces yemenensis AL-SAFADI 1989
Eurylepis taeniolatus arabicus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Eurylepis taeniolatus arabicus — SINDACO et al. 2014

Eurylepis taeniolata parthianicus (SZCZERBAK 1990)
Eurylepis taeniolatus pathianicus [sic] — RASTEGAR-POUYANI et al. 2008 
DistributionNW/W Saudi Arabia, S Yemen, NE Iran, Iraq, Jordan,
Afghanistan, Pakistan, India (Kashmir, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh),
S Turkmenistan

arabicus: Arabia; Type locality: 16 km from Taif-Abha Rd, Saudi Arabia

parthianicus: Turkmen-Khorassan [USSR] area; Turkmenistan, NE Iran, N Afghanistan; Type locality: Northern slope of central Kopet Dag, Chuli, 25 km west of Ashkhabad, Turkmenistan.

Type locality: Alpine Punjab, Pakistan  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ZSI 2382 (fide Das et al, 1998)
Holotype: NMNHU (also given as ZIK) Re 18 no. 17660 adult male [parthianica]
Holotype: BMNH 1978.2268, collected by J. Gasperetti [arabica] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: This species is characterized by the following combination of characters: dorsal scalation heterogeneous, composed of smaller cycloid, imbricate scales laterally and a vertebral series of 75 enlarged, greatly elongated scales including nuchals; 21 rows of scales at midbody; a single large postnasal and 2 loreals; 7 supralabials, with the 5th and 6th forming the lower border of eye, the 7th the largest; 6 to 7 infralabials; 3rd toe is shorter than 4th, with 9 to 11 lamellae under 3rd toe and 8 to 9 under the 4th; tail longer than SVL.

Diagnosis (genus Eurylepis): Elongate, 35 or more presacral vertebrae (convergent with many other scincid groups). Limbs relatively slender, lamellae not expanded. Head somewhat conical, dorsal surface convex in lateral view, parietal bone with clear lateral indentations and supratemporal fontanelle open. Sexual dimorphism in head proportions not distinct. Scales shiny, separated by shallow sutures. Two loreals, followed by two presuboculars. Post-nasal scales present. Palpebral scales and superciliaries not separated by groove. Four or five pairs of nuchal scales, followed by several pairs of broadened mid-dorsal scales and broad row of fused mid-dorsal scales. Large medial preanal scales overlie small lateral pair. Ear lobules conspicuous, but not covering ear opening. Color pattern consists of gray-brown background, with pale, broad dorsolateral stripes, more distinct anteriorly, brown rectangular spots dominating posteriorly. Northern extent of range poorly known; southern portion of distribution includes Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and northwestern India. (fide GRIFFITH et al. 2000) 
CommentType Species: Eurylepis taeniolatus BLYTH 1854 is the type species of the genus Eurylepis BLYTH 1854.

Gender. According to the ICZN, the gender of Eurylepis is feminine. See article 30.1.2. “a genus-group name that is or ends in a Greek word transliterated into Latin without other changes takes the gender given for that word in standard Greek dictionaries; Examples. [...] Names ending in -lepis (lepis), or -opsis (opsis) are feminine.”

Distribution: listed as questionable/possible for Jordan by DISI et al. 2001. See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
Etymology 
References
  • Anderson, J. 1871. On two Saurian genera Eurylepis and Plocederma Blyth, with a description of a new species of Mabouia Fitzinger. Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 1871: 180-190 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Ardesana, R., B. Trivedi, R. Jadav, R. Jhala, P. Joshi, M. Bharad & J. Ardesana 2019. Lined Supple Skink: notes on Lygosoma lineata from Rajkot City, Gujarat, India. Zoo’s Print 34 (3): 15-18 - get paper here
  • Baig, KJ, Masroor, R., and Arshad, M. 2008. Biodiversity and ecology of the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 15 (3): 193-205 - get paper here
  • Blanford,W.T. 1878. "Reptilia and Amphibia" in Scientific Results of the Second Yarkand Mission. Calcutta, Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing. 4to, p. 1-26, 2 pis.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Dunn, E. R. 1933. A new lizard from Nicaragua. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 46: 67-68 - get paper here
  • Griffith, H., A. Ngo & R. W. Murphy 2000. A cladistic evaluation of the cosmopolitan genus Eumeces Wiegmann (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 7 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Haas, Georg 1957. Some amphibians and reptiles from Arabia. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (3): 47-86 - get paper here
  • Khan, Muhammad S; Khan, Muhammad R Z 1997. A new skink from the Thal Desert of Pakistan. Asiatic Herpetological Research 7: 61-67 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Masroor, R. 2012. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Northern Pakistan. SSAR, Ithaca [review in JoTT 4(6): 2670] - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Patel, Harshil; and Raju Vyas 2019. Reptiles of Gujarat, India: Updated Checklist, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Herpetology Notes 12: 765-777 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Saikia, U.; Sharma, D.K. & Sharma, R.M. 2007. Checklist of the Reptilian fauna of Himachal Pradesh, India. Reptile Rap (8): 6-9 - get paper here
  • Schmitz, Andreas; Patrick Mausfeld and Dirk Embert 2004. Molecular studies on the genus Eumeces Wiegmann, 1834: phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic implications. Hamadryad 28 (1-2): 73 – 89 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Riccardo Nincheri, Benedetto Lanza 2014. Catalogue of Arabian reptiles in the collections of the “La Specola” Museum, Florence. Scripta Herpetologica. Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles in honour of Benedetto Lanza: pp. 137-164 - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Stoliczka,F. 1872. Notes on the Reptilian and Amphibian Fauna of Kachh. Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 1872: 71-85 - get paper here
  • Szczerbak N N. [= Shcherbak] 1990. SYSTEMATICS AND GEOGRAPHIC VARIABILITY OF EUMECES-TAENIOLATUS SAURIA SCINCIDAE [in Russian]. Vestnik Zoologii, Kiev 1990 (3): 33-40
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1936. A taxonomic study of the cosmopolitan lizards of the genus Eumeces with an account of the distribution and relationship of its species. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 23 (14): 1-643 [1935] - get paper here
  • Theobald, WILLIAM 1868. Catalogue of reptiles in the Museum of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 37 (extra number 146): (2), vi, 7-88 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Present conservation scenario of reptile fauna in Gujarat State, India. Indian Forester, Oct 2007: 1381-1394 - get paper here
  • Werner, Y. L. 1998. The first record of Eumeces taeniolatus (Reptilia: Sauria: Scincidae) from Jordan. Zoology in the Middle East 16: 77 - get paper here
  • Whitaker, A.H. 1985. Hoplodactylus kahutarae n. sp. (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from the Seaward Kaikoura Range, Marlborough, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 11: 259-270 (1984)
 
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