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Gallotia bravoana HUTTERER, 1985

IUCN Red List - Gallotia bravoana - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaLacertidae (Gallotiinae), Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymGallotia simonyi bravoana HUTTERER 1985
Gallotia simonyi gomerana HUTTERER 1985
Gallotia goliath bravoana HUTTERER 1985
Gallotia simonyi bravoana — BISCHOFF 1998
Gallotia simonyi bravoana — MATEO et al. 2001
Gallotia gomerana — NOGALES et al. 2001
Gallotia gomerana — RODRUGUEZ 2002
Gallotia simonyi bravoana — BISCHOFF 2005
Gallotia bravoana — MARTÍN & RANDO 2006
Gallotia gomerana — COX et al. 2010 
DistributionCanary Islands (La Gomera)

Type locality: Barranco de Chinguarime (28°01'10"N, 17°10'10"W), La Gomera, Kanarische Inseln.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 42392
Holotype: ZFMK 42399 [Gallotia bravoana gomerana] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Eine Rieseneidechse mit nur einer Reihe von 5-6 Pterygoidzähnehen,
maximal 24 Maxillar- und 26 Dentalzähnen. Gesamtlänge kleiner als bei
G. goliath von Tenerife. Parietalforamen offen [from HUTTERER 185]. 
CommentNomenclature: Following the ruling of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, the name of this species is Gallotia bravoana, not Gallotia gomerana (IUCN Redlist website, accessed 18 Feb 2010).

Conservation: G. goliath is extinct. 
EtymologyDie neue Form ist Herrn Dr. Telesforo Bravo, Tenerife, in Anerkennung seiner großen Verdienste um die Erforschung der Geologie und Paläontologie der Kanarischen Inseln gewidmet. 
References
  • Čerňanský, Andrej; Klembara, Jozef; Smith, Krister T. 2016. Fossil lizard from central Europe resolves the origin of large body size and herbivory in giant Canary Island lacertids. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 176 (4): 861-877 - get paper here
  • Cox, Siobhan C.; Salvador Carranza, Richard P. Brown 2010. Divergence times and colonization of the Canary Islands by Gallotia lizards. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (2): 747-757 [corrigendum in 56: 1136] - get paper here
  • Evenhuis, T. 2006. La Gomera: Herpetologische waarnemingen, November 2005. Lacerta 64 (2): 64-75 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez EG, Cerón-Souza I, Mateo JA, Zardoya R 2014. Island survivors: population genetic structure and demography of the critically endangered giant lizard of La Gomera, Gallotia bravoana. BMC Genetics 2014, 15 :121 - get paper here
  • Hernández, Mariano, Nicole Maca-Meyer, J. Carlos Rando, Alfredo Valido and Manuel Nogales 2001. Addition of a New Living Giant Lizard from La Gomera Island to the Phylogeny of the Endemic Genus Gallotia (Canarian Archipelago). The Herpetological Journal 11 (4):171-173
  • Hutterer,R. 1985. Neue Funde von Rieseneidechsen (Lacertidae) auf der Insel Gomera. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 36: 365-394 - get paper here
  • Lázaro, S.C. 2015. Die Rückkehr der Riesen von La Gomera. Terraria-Elaphe 2016 (1): 80-82 - get paper here
  • Martín, A. & Rando, J.C. 2006. On the scientific name of the extant Giant Lizard of La Gomera (Canary Islands): Gallotia gomerana Hutterer, 1985 vs. G. bravoana Hutterer, 1985 (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Vieraea 34: 65-70
  • Mateo, J.A.; Garcia-Marquez, M.; Lopez-Jurado, L.F. & Barahona, F. 2001. Descripción del lagarto gigante de La Palma (Islas Canarias) a partir de restos subfósiles. Revista Española de Herpetología 15: 53-59 - get paper here
  • MATEO, JOSÉ A.; PIERRE-ANDRÉ CROCHET & OSCAR M. AFONSO 2011. The species diversity of the genus Gallotia (Sauria: Lacertidae) during the Holocene on La Gomera (Canary Islands) and the Latin names of Gomeran giant lizards. Zootaxa 2755: 66–6 - get paper here
  • Nogales, Manuel, Juan C. Rando, Alfredo Valido and Aurelio Martín 2001. Discovery of a living giant lizard, genus Gallotia (Reptilia: Lacertidae), from la Gomera, Canary Islands. Herpetologica 57 (2):169-179 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez, Miguel Angel 2002. Das Neueste über die kanarischen Rieseneidechsen. Die Eidechse 13 (1)
  • Sämann, Jürgen; Peter Schuster & Beate Pfau 2008. Zum Stand der Dinge auf La Gomera und El Hierro Anfang 2008. Die Eidechse 19 (2): 33-43
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
 
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