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Gekko crombota BROWN, OLIVEROS, SILER & DIESMOS, 2008

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBabuyan Claro Gecko 
SynonymGekko crombota BROWN, OLIVEROS, SILER & DIESMOS 2006 
DistributionPhilippines (Babuyan Island)

Type locality: on the buttress of a large dipterocarp tree at an area known locally as ‘‘Asked,’’ Barangay Babuyan Claro, Municipality of Calayan, Cagayan Province, W coast of Babuyan Claro Island, Philippines (19.5041° N, 121.9120° E; 20 m elevation).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: PNM 9280, an adult male collected at night (2125 h on 13 March 2005) by Rafe Brown. 
CommentFrom the abstract: Gekko crombota “differs from other Philippine Gekko by characteristics of external morphology, color pattern, and body size. The new species has been found low on trunks and buttresses of mature closed-canopy climax forest trees at low elevation near the island's coast. It is known from only Babuyan Claro Island and is likely endemic to this single small, isolated landmass.”

Diagnosis.—Gekko crombota differs from all other species of Philippine Gekko (i.e., G. athymus, G. ernstkelleri, G. gecko, G. gigante, G. mindorensis, G. monarchus, G. palawanensis, G. porosus, and G. romblon) in the following combination of features (1) large body size (SVL 85.5–117.9 for adult males; 85.1–106.9 mm for females); (2) dorsum medium brown to gray, marked with cream colored, transverse, tri-lobed bars with a black anterior border; (3) high numbers of dorsal body scales (107–132 transverse midbody scales; 192–226 paravertebrals); (4) high numbers of sharply conical dorsal body tubercle rows (17–21 midbody; 27–33 paravertebrally); (5) preanofemorals arranged in a non-continuous series (preanals and femoral pore-bearing scale series separated by one or two non-pored scales in 75% of specimens) of 58–74 differentiated, slightly enlarged scales. 
EtymologyEtymology.—The specific epithet crombota is a group of letters derived from the names Crombie and Ota, and treated as a noun in apposition. We employ the amalgam crombota to jointly honor Ronald Crombie and Hidetoshi Ota in recognition of their collaborative survey efforts in the Babuyan Islands (Ota and Crombie, 1989; Ota and Ross, 1994) and their continued work on the gekkonid fauna of this archipelago. 
References
  • Brown, R.M.; Oliveros, C.; Siler, C.D. & Diesmos, A.C. 2009. Phylogeny of Gekko from the Northern Philippines, and Description of a New Species from Calayan Island. Journal of Herpetology 43 (4): 620–635 - get paper here
  • Brown, Rafe M.; Cameron D. Siler, Carl H. Oliveros, Arvin C. Diesmos, and Angel C. Alcala 2011. A New Gekko from Sibuyan Island, Central Philippines. Herpetologica 67 (4): 460-476. - get paper here
  • Brown, Rafe M.; Carl H. Oliveros, Cameron D. Siler, and Arvin C. Diesmos 2008. A New Gekko from the Babuyan Islands, Northern Philippines. Herpetologica 64 (3): 305-320 - get paper here
  • Linkem, C.W.; Siler, D.D.; Diesmos, A.C.; Sy, E., Brown, R.M. 2010. A new species of Gekko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from central Luzon Island, Philippines. Zootaxa 2396: 37–49 - get paper here
  • Rafe M. Brown, Cameron D. Siler, Indraneil Das, Yong Min 2012. Testing the phylogenetic affinities of Southeast Asia’s rarest geckos: Flap-legged geckos (Luperosaurus), Flying geckos (Ptychozoon) and their relationship to the pan-Asian genus Gekko. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63: 915-921 - get paper here
 
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