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Gekko guishanicus LIN & YAO, 2016

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymGekko guishanicus LIN & YAO 2016 
DistributionTaiwan (Guishan Isle)

Type locality: Guishan Isle, Toucheng Township, Yilan County, northeast Taiwan.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: TMRL 0461 (National Taiwan Museum), (Figure 4 & 5 in Lin & Yao 2016), adult male; Paratypes: National Taiwan Museum TMRL0473 and 0474, adult males both on 10 Aug. 1998; TMRL0441 and 0450, adult females on 27 May 1997 and 10 Nov. 1997, all paratypes are collected at same locality as holotype, by Jun-Tsong Lin. 
CommentSimilar species: Gekko hokouensis

Diagnosis: A small species of Gekko, Habitus slightly depressed, Digits long, relatively narrow; nostril in contact with rostral scale; internasal scale between two nasorostral scales and contact with rostral scale; ear opening oblique, oval; postmentals two, enlarged, each side have 2-4 submental scales, 2-3 larynx scales in behind the postmentals and about 2/3- 1/3 to postmental; finger and toe webbing weakly developed; Lamella single row, subdigital lamellae on first toe 8-10 (Figure 9) ; precloacal pores six to eight in males, absent in females (Figure 10) ; enlarge tubercle lacking on dorsal surfaces of body and limbs (Figure 11 & 12) ; postcloacal tubercle single and present on both side surface of tail base; SVL 54-64 (mean x = 59.7) in adults, paratype of males are 60 and 64, paratype of females are 64 and 60mm (Table 4) ; HL 12.80-16.45 (x = 14.65); HW 9.90-12.80 (x = 11.31) ; SE 5.20-7.80 (x = 6.46) ; OD 3.25-4.90 (x = 3.88) ; EE 4.15-5.34 (x = 4.67). Dorsum with six thin, wide dark bands between nape and sacrum; tail with six or more dark bands (Figure 4). Different between G. hokouensis and G. guishanicus (Table 3). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
References
  • Lin, Jun-Tsong and Chiou-Ju Yao 2016. A New Species of the Genus Gekko (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Guishan Isle, Yilan County, Taiwan. [in Chinese and English] 國立臺灣博物館學刊 69(2):1-14
 
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