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Gekko japonicus (SCHLEGEL, 1836)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Common NamesSchlegel's Japanese Gecko 
SynonymPlatydactylus Japonicus SCHLEGEL in DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 337
Platydactylus jamori TEMMINCK & SCHLEGEL 1838: 103
Hemidactylus nanus CANTOR 1842: 482
Gecko japonicus — BOULENGER 1885: 188
Gecko japonicus — GÜNTHER 1888: 169
Platydactylus yamori FRITZE 1891: 239 (invalid emendation fide KLUGE 1993)
Gekko japonicus — STEJNEGER 1907: 165
Gekko japonicus — SCHMIDT 1927
Luperosaurus amissus TAYLOR 1962 (fide BROWN & ALCALA 1978)
Gekko japonicus — OTA 1989: 234
Gekko japonicus — KLUGE 1993
Gekko japonicus — RÖSLER 2000: 81
Gekko japonicus — LUU et al. 2014 
DistributionE China (west to eastern Sichuan and northward to southern Shaanxi and Gansu),
S Korea,
Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Yakushima; Ryukyu Islands).

Type locality: Japan  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.26.9-10 (and possibly additional specimens).
Holotype: ZMUC [nanus] 
CommentMay include Gekko tawaensis (see that entry). See Sherborn & Jentink 1895 for details on publication dates.

Distribution: Reports of G. japonicus from the Philippines are in error. “Based on a single specimen reportedly from Tablas, the species was "discovered" in a big jar of house geckos in the KU collection, described very late by Taylor (as a Luperosaurus, in error; see Taylor 1962) and Ota et al. later tracked down the synonomy to G. hokouensis (not japonicus; see OTA et al. 1989). [... The record of G. hokouensis from the Philippines is probably] based on a specimen from Japan that Taylor accidentally mixed into his Philippine collections” [R. Brown, pers. comm.]. Reports from Vietnam may be erroneous (Ota et al. 1995). Not listed for Vietnam by (fide SANG et al. 2009, Luu et al. 2015).

Genome: the genome of this species has been sequenced by Liu et al. 2015. 
  • Barbour, Thomas 1909. Notes on Amphibia and Reptilia from Eastern Asia. Proc. New England zool. Club 4: 53-78, 2 plates - get paper here
  • Bobrov, V. V. 1995. Checklist and bibliography of lizards of Vietnam. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (105): - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Brown W C; Alcala A C 1978. Philippine lizards of the family Gekkonidae. Silliman University, Dumaguete City, Philippines 1978: i-vii, 1-146
  • Caldwell, K. R. & Hong, X. 2012. Gekko japonicus (Japanese gecko) deformity. Herpetological Review 43: 485
  • Caldwell, Kent R. 2013. Gekko japonicus (Japanese gecko) cold weather aggregations. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 672 - get paper here
  • Caldwell, Kent Ryan; Xi Hong, Andrew M. Brinker and Dominic J. Yurk. 2014. Utilisation of weep holes in retaining walls by the Japanese gecko (Gekko japonicus Dumeril & Bibron, 1836) in Fukuoka, Japan. Herpetology Notes 7: 235-240 - get paper here
  • Cantor,T. 1842. General features of Chusan, with remarks on the flora and fauna of that island [part 3]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 9: 481-493 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M. C. and G. Bibron. 1836. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Fritze, A. 1891. Die Fauna von Yezo im Vergleich zur Fauna des übrigen Japan. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Natur- Völkerkunde Ostasiens in Tokyo, 5:235—248
  • Goris, R.C. & Maeda, N. 2004. Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Japan. Krieger, Malabar, 285 pp.
  • Günther, A. 1888. On a collection of reptiles from China. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 165-172 - get paper here
  • Ji, X.; Wang, P.C.; Hong, W.X. 1991. The reproductive Ecology of the Gekko, Gecko japonicus. Acta Zool. Sinica 37 (2): 192-192
  • Kim, H.-T., Bae, Y.H., Kim, H., Kim, D. & Borzée, A. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Gekko japonicus (Schlegel's Japanese Gecko). Herpetological Review 48 (3): 588. - get paper here
  • Liu, Y. et al. 2015. Gekko japonicus genome reveals evolution of adhesive toe pads and tail regeneration Nat. Commun. 6:10033 doi: 10.1038/ncomms10033 - get paper here
  • LUU, VINH QUANG; THOMAS CALAME, TRUONG QUANG NGUYEN, MINH DUC LE& THOMAS ZIEGLER 2015. Morphological and molecular review of the Gekko diversity of Laos with descriptions of three new species. Zootaxa 3986 (3): 279–306 - get paper here
  • LUU, VINH QUANG; THOMAS CALAME, TRUONG QUANG NGUYEN, MINH DUC LE, MICHAEL BONKOWSKI & THOMAS ZIEGLER 2014. A new species of the Gekko japonicus group (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from central Laos. Zootaxa 3895 (1): 073–088 - get paper here
  • LUU, VINH QUANG; TRUONG QUANG NGUYEN, MINH DUC LE, MICHAEL BONKOWSKI, THOMAS ZIEGLER 2017. A new karst dwelling species of the Gekko japonicus group (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from central Laos Zootaxa 4263 (1): 179-193 - get paper here
  • McDowell, W.T. 1992. Notes on the Biology of Gekko japonicus (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1836). Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 27 (9): 188-189 - get paper here
  • Murai, Syoichi, Teppei Jono and Yoshihito Hongo. 2013. Gekko japonicus (Japanese gecko) sap feeding. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 323-324 - get paper here
  • Nakamura, K., and S. I. Uéno. 1959. The geckos found in the limestone caves of the Ryu-Kyu Islands. Memoirs of the College of Science, University of Kyoto, 26:45-52
  • NGUYEN, TRUONG QUANG; YING-YONG WANG, JIAN-HUAN YANG, TANJA LEHMANN, MINH DUC LE, THOMAS ZIEGLER, MICHAEL BONKOWSKI 2013. A new species of the Gekko japonicus group (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae) from the border region between China and Vietnam. Zootaxa 3652 (5): 501–518 - get paper here
  • Ota H. Lau M W. Weidenhofer T. Yasukawa Y. Bogadek A. 1995. Taxonomic review of the geckos allied to Gekko chinensis Gray 1942 (Gekkonidae Reptilia) from China and Vietnam. Tropical Zoology 8 (1):181-196. - get paper here
  • Ota, Hidetoshi 1989. A review of the geckos (Lacertilia: Reptilia) of the Ryukyu Archipelago and Taiwan. in: Matsui et al., eds; Current Herpetology in East Asia: Proceedings of the Second Japan-China Herpetological Symposium Kyoto, July 1988: 222-261
  • Ota,H, Lue,KY, Chen,SH & Brown,WC 1989. Taxonomic status of the Taiwanese Gekko, with comments on the synonymy of Luperosaurus amissus Taylor. Journal of Herpetology 23 (1): 76-78 - get paper here
  • Rafe M. Brown, Cameron D. Siler, Indraneil Das, Yong Min 2012. Testing the phylogenetic affinities of Southeast Asia’s rarest geckos: Flap-legged geckos (Luperosaurus), Flying geckos (Ptychozoon) and their relationship to the pan-Asian genus Gekko. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63: 915-921 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Shannon, F.A. 1956. The reptiles and amphibians of Korea. Herpetologica 12 (1): 22-49 - get paper here
  • Sherborn, C.D. and Jentink, F.A. 1895. On the Dates of the Parts of Siebold's ' Fauna Japonica and Giebel's ' Allgemeine Zoologie ' (first edition). Proc. zool. Soc. London 1895: 149-150 - get paper here
  • Shibaike, Y. et al. 2009. Chromosome Evolution in the Lizard Genus Gekko (Gekkonidae, Squamata, Reptilia) in the East Asian Islands. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 182-190
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Tawa, Yuko, Teppei Jono and Hideharu Numata. 2014. Circadian and temperature control of activity in Schlegel's Japanese Gecko, Gekko japonicus (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae). Current Herpetology 33 (2): 121-128 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1962. New oriental reptiles. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 43: 209-263 - get paper here
  • Temminck, C. J., and H. Schlegel. 1838. Reptilia elaborantibus. Saurii et batrachii. in Ph. Fr. de Siebold: Pp. 85-144. Fauna Japonica auctore. L. Batavorum. - get paper here
  • Wang, P.C. & Ji, X. 1997. A Comparison of Embryonic Metabolic Rates in Two Lizards. Asiatic Herpetological Research 7: 147-152 - get paper here
  • Werner, Y.L.; Okada, S.; Ota, H.; Perry, G. & Tokunaga, S. 1997. Varied and Fluctuating Foraging Modes in Nocturnal Lizards of the Family Gekkonidae. Asiatic Herpetological Research 7: 153-165 - get paper here
  • Zhang, Yong Pu; Ping, Jun; Li Hao, Shuang; Zhou, Hua Bin 2016. Temporal and spatial variation in life history traits of the Japanese gecko, Gekko japonicus The Herpetological Journal 26 (4): 305-311 - get paper here
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Zhou, Kaiya & Wang, Qiuxian 2008. New species of Gekko (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae) from China: morphological and molecular evidence. Zootaxa 1778: 59-68 - get paper here
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