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Gelanesaurus cochranae (BURT & BURT, 1931)

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCochran's Neusticurus 
SynonymNeusticurus ecpleopus cochranae BURT & BURT 1931: 350
Neusticurus cochranae - UZZELL 1966: 307
Potamites cochranae — DOAN & CASTOE et al. 2005
Gelanesaurus cochranae — TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2016 
DistributionN Ecuador, Colombia [Castro,F. (pers. comm.)]

Type locality: San José de Sumaco, Ecuador  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: AMNH 28891 
CommentSynonymy that of PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970.

Type species: Neusticurus ecpleopus cochranae BURT & BURT 191: 50 is the type species of the genus Gelanesaurus TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2016.

Diagnosis (genus): A gymnophthalmid lizard with the tongue covered in imbricate, scale-like papillae; moveable eyelids; external ear opening, with a slightly recessed tympanum; heterogeneous dorsal scalation; subimbricate ventral scales; slightly compressed tail without conical scales; hemipenes with calcareous spinules on flounces and no basal spines. 
EtymologyThe genus name Gelanesaurus derives from the Greek words gelanes (=laughing, cheerful) and sauros (=lizard), and refers to the joker-looking head color pattern of the included species, more marked in G. flavogularis.
The species name honors the late Doris M. Cochran, Division of Herpetology at the United States National Museum from 1919 to her retirement in 1968. She was officially given the titles Assistant Curator in 1927, Associate Curator in 1942, and Curator in 1956. 
References
  • ALTAMIRANO-BENAVIDES, MARCO; HUSSAM ZAHER, LUCIANA LOBO, FELIPE GOBBI GRAZZIOTIN, PEDRO MURILO SALES NUNES & MIGUEL TREFAUT RODRIGUES, 2013. A new species of lizard genus Potamites from Ecuador (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae). Zootaxa 3717 (3): 345–358 - get paper here
  • Avila-Pires, Teresa C. S. and Laurie J. Vitt. 1998. A new species of Neusticurus (Reptilia: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Rio Juruá, Acre, Brazil. Herpetologica 54 (2):235-245. - get paper here
  • Burt,C.E. & Burt,M.D. 1931. South American lizards in the collection of the American Museum of Natural History. Bull. Amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 61 (7): 227-395
  • Doan, T. M. & Castoe, T.A. 2005. Phylogenetic taxonomy of the Cercosaurini (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae), with new genera for species of Neusticurus and Proctoporus. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 143: 405–416.
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar; Simón E. Lobos, Pablo J. Venegas, Germán Chávez, Vanessa Aguirre-Peñafiel, Daniel Zurita, Lourdes Y. Echevarría 2016. Phylogeny and biogeography of the most diverse clade of South American gymnophthalmid lizards (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae, Cercosaurinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 99: 63-75, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.03.006 - get paper here
  • Uzzell, Thomas M. 1966. Teid Lizards of the genus Neusticurus (Reptilia, Sauria). Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 132 (5): 279-327
 
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