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Geophis damiani WILSON, MCCRANIE & WILLIAMS, 1998

IUCN Red List - Geophis damiani - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymGeophis damiani WILSON, MCCRANIE & WILLIAMS 1998
Geophis damiani — WILSON & TOWNSEND 2007: 8
Geophis damiani — WALLACH et al. 2014: 301 
DistributionHonduras (slopes of Cerro Texiguat), 1680-1750 m elevation

Type locality: 2.5 airline km NNE La Fortuna (15 26'N, 87 18'W), 1750 m elevation, Departmento de Yoro, Honduras. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 498356 (adult male) 
CommentDiagnosis: Geophis damiani is distinguished from the species of Geophis found in eNCA (except G. hoffmanni) by having 15 dorsal scale rows present throughout the length of the body (17 dorsal scale rows in G. dunni, G. fulvoguttatus, G. nephodrymus, and G. rhodogaster). Geophis damiani can be differentiated from G. hoffmanni by having a dark dorsal ground coloration with a red nuchal band and red partial bands and laterally offset red blotches (uniform dark dorsal coloration with a pale nuchal band in juveniles in G. hoffmanni), 136–143 ventral scales (114–131 in G. hoffmanni), 34–41 subcaudal scales (23–32 in G. hoffmanni), six supralabials (five or fewer in G. hoffmanni), and posterior chinshields in moderately to broadly separated (posterior chinshields in moderate contact in G. hoffmanni). 
EtymologyThe name is a patronym honoring a friend and field companion of the authors, Damian Almendarez. 
References
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, J.R.; Castaneda, F.E. 2004. Notes on the second specimens of Geophis damiani Wilson, McCranie, and Williams and Rhadinaea tolpanorum Holm and Cruz D. (Colubridae). Herpetological Review 35 (4): 341 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Townsend, J. H. 2006. INVENTORY AND CONSERVATION ASSESSMENT OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE SIERRA DE OMOA, HONDURAS, WITH A REVIEW OF THE Geophis (SQUAMATA: COLUBRIDAE) OF EASTERN NUCLEAR CENTRAL AMERICA. PhD thesis, University of Florida, 138 pp.
  • Townsend, J. H., L. D. Wilson, M. Medina-Flores, E. Aguilar-Urbina, B. K. Atkinson et al. 2012. A premontane hotspot for herpetological endemism on the windward side of Refugio de Vida Silvestre Texíguat, Honduras. Salamandra 48 (2): 92-114 - get paper here
  • Townsend, Josiah H. 2009. MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATION IN GEOPHIS NEPHODRYMUS (SQUAMATA: COLUBRIDAE), WITH COMMENTS ON CONSERVATION OF GEOPHIS IN EASTERN NUCLEAR CENTRAL AMERICA. Herpetologica 65 (3): 292-302 - get paper here
  • Townsend, Josiah H.;,, Luis A. Herrera-B., Melissa Medina-Flores, Levi N. Gray, Alexander L. Stubbs and Larry David Wilson 2010. Notes on the second male specimen of the cryptozoic snake Geophis damiani Wilson, McCranie, & Williams, 1998. Herpetology Notes 3: 305-308 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • WILSON, L.D. & J.H. TOWNSEND 2007. A checklist and key to the snakes of the genus Geophis (Squamata: Colubridae: Dipsadinae), with commentary on distribution and conservation. Zootaxa 1395: 1-31 - get paper here
  • Wilson,L.D.; McCranie,J.R. & Williams,K.L. 1998. A new species of Geophis of the sieboldi group (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae) from northern Honduras. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 111: 410-417 - get paper here
 
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