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Geophis latifrontalis GARMAN, 1883

IUCN Red List - Geophis latifrontalis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesGeophis latifrontalis latifrontalis GARMAN 1883
Geophis latifrontalis semiannulatus SMITH 1941 
Common NamesPotosí Earth Snake 
SynonymGeophis latifrontalis GARMAN 1883
Atractus latifrontalis — COPE 1896: 1023
Geophis latifrontalis — LINER 1994
Geophis latifrontalis — WILSON & TOWNSEND 2007: 13
Geophis latifrontalis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 303

Geophis latifrontalis semiannulatus SMITH 1941
Geophis semiannulatus SMITH 1941
Geophis semiannulatus — MARTIN 1958
Geophis semiannulatus — DOWNS 1967
Geophis latifrontalis semiannulatus — DIXON & THOMAS 1974 
DistributionMexico (Hidalgo, Querétaro, San Luis Potosi, and Tamaulipas, Mexico, 1100– 2600 m elevation.)

semiannulatus: Colima (?), Hidalgo, Tamaulipas

Type locality: From “fifty miles south of San Luis Potosi, Mexico.” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MCZ 4538, an adult female, Museum of Comparative Zoology, collected by E. Palmer. 
Comment 
EtymologyThe generic name is derived from the Greek words ge(o), meaning "earth" and ophis, meaning "snake." The specific epithet is derived from the Latin words lati, meaning “broad” and -frons, meaning “fore part of anything" (LEMOS-ESPINAL & DIXON 2013). 
References
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Dixon, James R.;Thomas, Robert A. 1974. A dichromatic population of the snake, Geophis latifrontalis, with comments on the status of Geophis semiannulatus. Journal of Herpetology 8 (3): 271-273 - get paper here
  • Downs, F. L. 1967. lntrageneric relations among colubrid snakes of the genus Geophis Wagler. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan 131: 1-193. - get paper here
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo, David R. Aguillón-Gutiérrez, Sharon Yedid Valdez-Rentería, Juan Alfonso Hernández-Melo, Cristian Raùl Olvera Olvera, Francisco Javier Callejas-Jiménez, Melisa Hernández-Ramos, José Carlos Iturbe-Morgado, Ferdinand Torres- 2016. First records for amphibians and reptiles from the municipality of Atotonilco el Grande, Hidalgo, México. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 91-93
  • Garman,Samuel 1884. The North American reptiles and batrachians. A list of the species occuring north of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, with references. Bull. Essex Inst. 16: 1-46 - get paper here
  • Garman,Samuel 1884. The reptiles and batrachians of North America. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool, Cambridge (Massachusetts), 8 (3): xxxiv + 185 pp. [1883] [CNAH reprint 10] - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Martin, Plul S. 1958. A biogeography of reptiles and amphibians in the Gomez Farias Region, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (101): 1-102 + 7 plates - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1942. A note on two Mexican species of Geophis. Copeia 1942 (4): 259 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Chiszar, David;Auth, David L. 1998. A new apparent chromotype of the Potosí earth snake (Geophis l. latifrontalis). Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 33 (1): 8 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. 1941. A new Geophis from Mexico. Proc. New England zool. Club 18: 49-55
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • WILSON, L.D. & J.H. TOWNSEND 2007. A checklist and key to the snakes of the genus Geophis (Squamata: Colubridae: Dipsadinae), with commentary on distribution and conservation. Zootaxa 1395: 1-31 - get paper here
 
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