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Gerrhonotus rhombifer (PETERS, 1876)

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Gerrhonotinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesIsthmian Alligator Lizard 
SynonymGerrhonotus rhombifer PETERS 1876: 298
Gerrhonotus rhombifer — GÜNTHER 1885: 42
Gerrhonotus rhombifer — BOULENGER 1885: 276
Coloptychon rhombifer — TIHEN 1949: 584
Gerrhonotus rhombifer — WERMUTH 1969: 26
Coloptychon rhombifer — BAUER et al. 1995: 54
Coloptychon rhombifer — KÖHLER 2000: 41
Gerrhonotus rhombifer — GARCÍA-VÁZQUEZ et al. 2018 
DistributionW Panama, E Costa Rica

Type locality: Chiriqui [Panama]  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 8655 
Diagnosis 
CommentIllustration on the cover of Herp. Rev. (issue 1), 2004.

Type species: Gerrhonotus rhombifer PETERS 1876 is the type species of the genus Coloptychon TIHEN 1949: 584.

Phylogenetics: GARCÍA-VÁZQUEZ et al. 2018 found Coloptychon to be nested within Gerrhonotus, hence they recommend to synonymize the two genera.

This species is known from only few specimens (Macey et al. 1999); Lamar et al. (2015) state that there is only 1 known specimen.

Distribution: see map in Lamar et al. (2015). 
Etymology 
References
  • Arias, Erick; Federico Bolaños 2014. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of San Isidro de Dota, Reserva Forestal Los Santos, Costa Rica. Check List 10 (4): 870-877 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Dwyer, Quetzal and Roel de Plecker. 2013. Geographic Distribution: Coloptychon rhombifer (isthmian alligator lizard). Herpetological Review 44 (4): 625
  • García-Vázquez, Uri Omar; Arturo Contreras-Arquieta, Marysol Trujano-Ortega, and Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca 2018. A New Species of Gerrhonotus (Squamata: Anguidae) from the Cuatro Ciénegas Basin, Coahuila, Mexico Herpetologica Sep 2018, Vol. 74, No. 3: 269-278. - get paper here
  • García‐Vázquez UO, Nieto‐Montes de Oca A, Bryson RW Jr, Schmidt‐Ballardo W, Pavón‐Vázquez CJ. 2018. Molecular systematics and historical biogeography of the genus Gerrhonotus (Squamata: Anguidae). J Biogeogr. XX:1–13 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Lamar, William, W., César L. Barrio-Amorós, Quetzal Dwyer, Juan G. Abarca and Roel De Plecker. 2015. The gerrhonotine genus Coloptychon (Sauria: Anguidae). Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 88–104 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1876. Über neue Arten der Sauriergattung Gerrhonotus. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1876 (Mai): 297-30 - get paper here
  • Savage, J. M., & VILLA, J. 1986. An Introduction to the Herpetofauna of Costa Rica. Soc. Stud. Amphib. Rept. Contrib. Herpetol. No. 3, viii + 207 pp.
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Tihen, J. A. 1949. The genera of gerrhonotine Iizards. American Midland Naturalist 41: 579-601 - get paper here
 
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