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Gerrhopilus hades (KRAUS, 2005)

IUCN Red List - Gerrhopilus hades - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGerrhopilidae, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymTyphlops hades KRAUS 2005
Gerrhopilus hades — VIDAL et al. 2010
Gerrhopilus hades — WALLACH et al. 2014: 308 
DistributionPapua New Guinea (Milne Bay Province: NE end of Rossel Island in the Louisiade Archipelago).

Type locality: forest along Rupu River at Bibikea, 11.33537°S, 154.22470°E, 280 m elevation, Rossel Island, Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BPBM 20819 (field tag FK 10449), adult male, collected by F. Kraus on 14 May 2004. 
CommentTyphlops hades is a member of the Typhlops ater species group and is
characterized by having 18 scale rows, 343 middorsal scales, T-V supralabial-imbrication pattern, a distinct pupil, single subocular scale, and by lacking a presubocular scale. Its closest living relative is probably Typhlops inornatus, known from forested habitats on the nearby mainland of New Guinea. T. hades is known from only two specimens from northeastern Rossel Island, and it remains uncertain whether it occurs on adjacent islands of the Louisiade Archipelago. 
EtymologyNamed after the Greek god of the underworld, Hades. 
References
  • Kraus, Fred 2005. New species of blindsnake from Rossel Island, Papua New Guinea. Journal of Herpetology 39 (4): 591-59 - get paper here
  • McDowell, S. B. 1974. A catalogue of the snakes of New Guinea and the Solomons, with special reference to those in the Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Part l. Scolecophidia. Journal of Herpetology 8 (1): 1-57 - get paper here
  • Vidal, Nicolas; Julie Marin, Marina Morini, Steve Donnellan, William R. Branch, Richard Thomas, Miguel Vences, Addison Wynn, Corinne Cruaud and S. Blair Hedges 2010. Blindsnake evolutionary tree reveals long history on Gondwana. Biology Letters 6: 558–561 - get paper here
  • Wallach, V. 1996. Two new Blind snakes of the Typhlops ater species group from Papua new Guinea (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 3 (2):107-118. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Gerrhopilus&species=hades

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