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Gerrhopilus tindalli (SMITH, 1943)

IUCN Red List - Gerrhopilus tindalli - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGerrhopilidae, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Nilgiri Hills Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops tindalli SMITH 1943: 53
Typhlops tindalli — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 122
Gerrhopilus tindalli — VIDAL et al. 2010
Gerrhopilus tindalli — WALLACH et al. 2014: 309 
DistributionIndia (Malabar, Kerala).

Type locality: Nilambur, Malabar District, India.  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.8.92-93 (formerly BMNH 1891.7.4.1-2) and BMNH 1946.1.8.95 (formerly BMNH 1893.11.2.1). 
DiagnosisOriginal description: “Snout rounded, strongly projecting; nostrils lateral. Rostral broad, 3/5 the width of the head, scarcely reaching half-way to the level of the ocular shield; nasal incompletely divided, the lower suture passing to the preocular, that shield being in good contact with the anterior nasal: posterior very large, in good contact with its fellow behind the rostral; no visible eye; ocular shield much smalIer than the preocular, touching the 3rd and 4th labials, not wedged in between them; supraocular twice as broad as long; prefrontal and frontal larger than the scales on the body. Tail rounded, no trace of a spine; 18 scales round the body; the diameter of which is contained 50 times in the total length; about 300 transverse rows of scales” (Smith 1943: 54).

Coloration: Uniform isabelline yellow (Smith 1943: 54). 
CommentSmith (1943:54) stated that Boulenger’s account of T. thurstonii was based on a translation of Boettger’s (1890:297) description but that the two specimens from “Nellambur” that Boulenger examined actually were of T. tindalli. 
EtymologyNamed after Roger Tindall. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1890. Batrachier und Reptilien aus Kleinasien. Ber. Senck. Ges. 1890: 293-295 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Vidal, Nicolas; Julie Marin, Marina Morini, Steve Donnellan, William R. Branch, Richard Thomas, Miguel Vences, Addison Wynn, Corinne Cruaud and S. Blair Hedges 2010. Blindsnake evolutionary tree reveals long history on Gondwana. Biology Letters 6: 558–561 - get paper here
  • Wallach, V. 1996. Two new Blind snakes of the Typhlops ater species group from Papua new Guinea (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 3 (2):107-118. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van 1999. Typhlops meszoelyi, A new species of blind snake from northeastern India (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Herpetologica 55 (2): 185-191 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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