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Gloydius intermedius (STRAUCH, 1868)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Central Asian pitviper 
SynonymTrigonocephalus intermedius STRAUCH 1868: 295
Agkistrodon halys intermedius STRAUCH 1876
Halys intermedia — PETERS 1877: 735
Ancistrodon intermedius — BOULENGER 1890: 140
Ancistrodon intermedius — BOULENGER 1896: 525
Agkistrodon blomhoffi intermedius — STEJNEGER 1907: 464
Ancistrodon blomhoffi intermedius — DESPAX 1913: 181
Ancistrodon halys intermedius — EMELIANOV 1929: 130
Ancistrodon saxatilis EMELIANOV 1937
Agkistrodon saxatilis GLOYD 1972
Agkistrodon halys cognatus GLOYD 1977
Agkistrodon halys intermedius — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Agkistrodon shedaoensis continentalis ZHAO 1980: 12
Agkistrodon saxatilis — SCHNEEWEISS 1989
Agkistrodon intermedius saxatilis — WELCH 1994: 13
Agkistrodon intermedius intermedius — WELCH 1994: 11
Gloydius saxatilis changdaoensis LI 1999
Agkistrodon intermedius — ORLOV & BARABANOV 1999
Gloydius saxatilis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 307
Gloydius intermedius — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 306
Gloydius intermedius — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Gloydius intermedius — WALLACH et al. 2014: 311
Gloydius saxatilis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 311
Gloydius intermedius — DAVID & VOGEL 2015 
DistributionN China (incl. Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang),
E Russia, North Korea, South Korea

Type locality: Irkutsk, Eastern Siberia; Terra typica restricta (hoc loco). Malyi Hinggan Mountain Range (Xiao Hinggan Ling), Cape Tyr on the Amur River and Cape Kofel on the Ussuri River, Russian Far East Region.

saxatilis: NE China south to Shandong,
Russia (east of Selemdzha River in E Siberia, Primorskye Kray and Khabarovsk Kray, Far East), Korea; Type locality: Vladivostok River, Russia

changdaoensis: China (Daheishan Is., Changdao County; Zifu Peninsula and Jia Is., Yantai City, Shandong Province); Type locality: Daheishan Island, Changdao County, Shandong Province, China. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesLectotype. ZISP 2221. Prom. Tyr (Amur). Leg.: Schrenck, 1855
Syntypes: ZIAS 9456, 13291–92 (Vladivostok) and ZIAS 13308 (Suchan); of the many specimens listed in the original description (Emelianov, 1937:27 and Tables 1-3), only two are consistent with the type locality as given in his English summary: Table II, No. 17, D(al'nii). V(ostok). (= Far East U(niversitet)., r. Suchan, 8 VIII 1927, (coIl.) Gasovskii, and Table III, No.7, Zoological Cabinet. GDU, vic. Vladivostok, 30 IX 1927, (coIl.) A. A. Emelianov. Gloyd and Conant (1990:358) seemingly were unsure of which specimens were part of type series.
Holotype: Natural History Museum of Snake Island, Dalian [changdaoensis] 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). G. saxatilis is not recognized by GUMPRECHT et al. 2004. ORLOV & BARABANOV 1999 synonymized G. saxatilis with G. intermedius.

Distribution: see map in ORLOV & BARABANOV 1999.

Diagnosis. Total length up to 800 mm and more. Dorsal scales in 23 (rarely 21) rows at midbody. Supralabials 7 – 8; ventrals 148 – 175; subcaudals 34–52.

Diagnosis. A large viper of the genus, up to at least 800 mm total length. Supralabial scales 7-8. Dorsal scales in 23, very rarely 21, rows around midbody; ventral scales between 148- 175; subcaudal scales paired, between 34-52. Body with 28-45 dark transverse bands, each 3- 6 scales wide and extending down to scale row 2 or 1 [WAGNER et al. 2015].

NCBI taxonID: 92067 [saxatilis] 
References
  • Adnagulov E.V. 2016. On the distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the Evreiskaya Autonomous Oblast' (Russia). [in Russian] Current Studies in Herpetology, 16(3/4): 87–106 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. A list of the reptiles and batrachians of Amoorland [Russia]. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5: 137-144 - get paper here
  • Chen, Y.; Zhang, D.; Jiang, K. & Wang, Z. 1992. Evaluation of Snake Venoms among Agkistrodon Species in China. Asiatic Herpetological Research 4: 58-61 - get paper here
  • David, P. & Vogel, G. 2015. An updated list of Asian pitvipers and a selection of recent publications, in: Visser: Asian Pitvipers. Breeding Experience & Wildlife. Frankfurt am Main, Edition Chimaira, 571pp. ISBN 978-3-89973-450-8 - get paper here
  • Despax, RAYMOND 1913. Sur une collection de reptiles et de batraciens rassemblée par M. le Dr. Legendre dans les marches Thibétaines. Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, [ser. 1], 19 (4): 179-183 - get paper here
  • Emelianov, A.A. 1929. Snakes of the Far Eastern District [In Russian]. Mem. Vladivostok Sect. Russian State Geogr. Soc. 3 (20): 1-208
  • Emelianov, A.A. 1937. On a new species of Ancistrodon (Ophidia) in the Far East (Ancistrodon saxatilis sp. nov.). Bull. Far E. Br. Acad. Sci. U.S.S.R. (24): 19-40
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  • Kharin V E 2011. Annotated catalogue of amphibians and reptiles (Amphibia, Reptilia) of the Far-Eastern Marine Biosphere FEB RAS [in Russian]. Biodiversity and Environment of Far East Reserves, Vladivostok, DVMBGPZ DVO RAN 2011 (1): 30-48
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  • Orlov, Nikolai L. and Andrei V. Barabanov. 1999. Analysis of nomenclature, classification, and distribution of the Agkistrodon halys - Agkistrodon intermedius complexes: a critical review. Russ. J. Herpetol. 6 (3): 167-192 - get paper here
  • Peters, W. 1877. Eine Übersicht über die während der sibirischen Expedition von 1876 von Hrn. Dr. O. Finsch gesammelten Säugethiere, Amphibien und Fische. Monatsberichte der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1877: 734-738 - get paper here
  • Schneeweiss, N. 1989. Herpetologische Beobachtungen in der Ussuri-Taiga, Ferner Osten - UdSSR. Salamandra 25 (3-4): 191-202 - get paper here
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  • Toriba, Michihisa. 1999. Comments on the taxonomy of Agkistrodon listed in Stejneger (1907). Bulletin of the Herpetological Society of Japan 1999 (1): 3-5. - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp; Tiutenko, Arthur; Mazepa, Glib; Borkin, Leo J.; Simonov, Evgeniy 2015. Alai! Alai! – a new species of the Gloydius halys (Pallas, 1776) complex (Viperidae, Crotalinae), including a brief review of the complex. Amphibia-Reptilia 37 (published 31 Dec 2015) DOI: 10.1163/15685381-00003026 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • XIONG Ye, DING Li 2012. A Taxonomic Status of Fu Snakes in Mt. Wuling, Xinglong County, Hebei Province. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 31 (5) - get paper here
  • XU, Yan; Qin LIU, Edward A MYERS, , Lian WANG, Song HUANG, Yun HE,Peihao PENG and Peng GUO 2012. Molecular Phylogeny of the Genus Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotalinae). Asian Herpetological Research 3 (2): 127–132 - get paper here
  • ZHAO Wenge, LIU Xiaolong, & GUO Yumin 2000. Discovery of Gloydius intermedius in Heilongjiang Province. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 19 (3): 157-158 - get paper here
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  • Zhao,E. M. 1980. Taxonomic study of pit viper of Shedao (Snake Island), by morphological and experimental methods and a preliminary discussion on the origin of Snake-Island pit-viper on Shedao [in Chinese]. Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, [old ser.] 1 (4): 1-20
 
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