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Gloydius ussuriensis (EMELIANOV, 1929)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Ussuri Mamushi 
SynonymAncistrodon blomhoffi ussuriensis EMELIANOV 1929: 123
Agkistrodon halys ussuriensis — KLEMMER 1963: 400
Agkistrodon caliginosus GLOYD 1972
Agkistrodon halys ussuriensis — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Gloydius caliginosus — HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE 1981: 195
Agkistrodon ussuriensis — TORIBA 1986
Gloydius ussuriensis — KRAUS MINK & BROWN 1996
Agkistrodon caliginosus — WELCH 1994: 11
Agkistrodon blomhoffi intermedius — WELCH 1994: 11
Agkistrodon ussuriensis — ORLOV & BARABANOV 1999
Gloydius ussuriensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 309
Gloydius ussurriensis [sic] — ZHOU et al. 2001
Agkistrodon blomhoffi ussuriensis — TRUTNAU 2002
Gloydius ussuriensis — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Gloydius ussuriensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 312 
DistributionSouth Korea, North Korea,
NE China (from N Liaoning to Heilongjiang),
E Russia, Mongolia

caliginosus: Korea, Manchuria

Type locality: Suchan River, Primorskiy Territory, Siberia (restricted by CHERNOV 1934); Terra typica restricta (hoc loco ). Russian Far East, Primorskii Region, Tetyukhe river valley, Vladimiro-Monomakhovo village [ORLOV & BARABANOV 1999]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesLectotype. ZISP 13327. Russian Far East, Primorskii Region, Tetyukhe river valley, Vladimi- ro-Monomakhovo village. Leg.: O. Djukin, June 20, 1909. 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.)

Distribution: see map in ORLOV & BARABANOV 1999.

Diagnosis. Total length up to 650 mm. Dorsal scales in 21 rows at midbody. Ventrals 139 – 161, subcaudals 34 – 54, supralabials 7. 
References
  • Adnagulov E.V. 2016. On the distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the Evreiskaya Autonomous Oblast' (Russia). [in Russian] Current Studies in Herpetology, 16(3/4): 87–106 - get paper here
  • Chen, Y.; Zhang, D.; Jiang, K. & Wang, Z. 1992. Evaluation of Snake Venoms among Agkistrodon Species in China. Asiatic Herpetological Research 4: 58-61 - get paper here
  • Chernov, S.A. 1934. On the systematics and distribution of Agkistrodon (Ophidia) in the Soviet Union [in Russian]. Acad. Nauk USSR (Leningrad), new ser. Comptes Rendus (Doklady): 350-356
  • Emelianov, A.A. 1929. Snakes of the Far Eastern District [In Russian]. Mem. Vladivostok Sect. Russian State Geogr. Soc. 3 (20): 1-208
  • Gloyd, H. K. 1972. The Korean snakes of the genus Agkistrodon (Crotalidae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 85 (49): 557-578 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Guo, P.; Zhang, F.J. & Chen, Y.Y. 1999. The Hemipenes of Chinese Species of Deinagkistrodon and Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotaiinae). Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 38-42 - get paper here
  • Hoge & ROMANO-Hoge 1981. Poisonous snakes of the world. Part I. Check list of the pit vipers, Viperoidea, Viperidae, Crotalinae. Mem. Inst. Butantan 42/43 [1978-1979]: 179-309 - get paper here
  • Isogawa, K., Moriya, A. & Mitsui, S. 1994. A new snake from the genus Agkistrodon (Serpentes: Viperidae) from Tsushima Island, Nagasaki Prefecture. Japanese Journal of Herpetology 15:101-111.
  • Kharin V E 2011. Annotated catalogue of amphibians and reptiles (Amphibia, Reptilia) of the Far-Eastern Marine Biosphere FEB RAS [in Russian]. Biodiversity and Environment of Far East Reserves, Vladivostok, DVMBGPZ DVO RAN 2011 (1): 30-48
  • Klemmer,K. 1963. Liste der rezenten Giftschlangen. Elapidae, Hydropheidae [sic], Viperidae und Crotalidae. In: Die Giftschlangen der Erde. Behringwerk-Mitteilungen, spec. Suppl., Marburg.
  • Kraus, Fred; Mink, Daniel G. & Brown, Wesley M. 1996. Crotaline intergeneric relationships based on mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Copeia 1996 (4): 763-773 - get paper here
  • Kropachev, Ivan I.; Nikolai L. Orlov, Valentina F. Orlova 2016. Gloydius ussuriensis (Emelianov, 1929) [Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae] — a New Snake Species for the Herpetofauna of Mongolia Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (2): 108-114 - get paper here
  • Maslova, Irina V.; Yu. E. Dochevoy 2016. A Case of Protocooperation between the Pitviper Gloydius ussuriensis and the Ground Beetle Carabus granulatus telluris. Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (3): 231-234 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Orlov, Nikolai L. and Andrei V. Barabanov. 1999. Analysis of nomenclature, classification, and distribution of the Agkistrodon halys - Agkistrodon intermedius complexes: a critical review. Russ. J. Herpetol. 6 (3): 167-192 - get paper here
  • Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586 - get paper here
  • Seung Hoon, Cha 2012. Snake, the world most beautifull curve [in Korean]. Hownext, 304 pp. [ISBN 978-89-965656-7-3] - get paper here
  • Toriba, M. 1986. The classification of the genus Agkistrodon with 21 scale rows in Eastern Asia. Acta Herpetol. Sinica 5: 61-62 - get paper here
  • Toriba, M. 1988. Taxonomic status of Agkistrodon caliginosus GLOYD and A. blomhoffi ussuriensis (EMELIANOV). The Snake 20 (1): 30-39
  • Trutnau, L. 2002. Einiges über die Biologie und Terrarienhaltung der Ussuri-Mamushi Agkistrodon blomhoffi ussuriensis (EMELIANOV 1929). Herpetofauna 24 (137): 5-12 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • XU, Yan; Qin LIU, Edward A MYERS, , Lian WANG, Song HUANG, Yun HE,Peihao PENG and Peng GUO 2012. Molecular Phylogeny of the Genus Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotalinae). Asian Herpetological Research 3 (2): 127–132 - get paper here
  • Yosida, T.H.; Toriba M. 1986. Chromosome evolution and speciation of reptiles. II. A comparative study on karyotypes of the Chinese mamushi (A. blomhoffii brevicaudus) and the Ussuri mamushi (A. ussuriensis). Proc. Jap. Acad. 62B:17-20
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Zhou, Ji-Liang; Zhang, Ya-Ping; Huang, Mei-Hua; Chen, Yong-Jiu; Chen, Xiao-Qing and Yao, Geng-Dong 2001. Phylogenetic relationships among crotalinae based on mitochondrial cytochrome B gene sequence variations [in Chinese]. Acta Zool. Sinica 47 (4): 361-366
 
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