Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae (DE VIS, 1890)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae?
|Higher Taxa||Scincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Prickly Skink, Prickly Forest Skink|
|Synonym||Tropidophorus queenslandiae DE VIS 1890|
Tropidophorus queenslandiae — COGGER 1983: 193
Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae — COGGER 2000: 499
Gyneptoscincus [sic] queenslandiae — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 222
Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae — COUPER et al. 2006: 381
Concinnia queenslandiae — SKINNER et al. 2013
Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae — COGGER 2014: 571
Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae — CHAPPLE et al. 2021
Type locality: Bellenden Ker and Herberton, Qld.
|Reproduction||ovovivparous (live-bearing), giving birth to 1-5 young in the late wet season (January-March).|
|Types||Lectotype: QM J252, designation by Wells & Wellington (1985).|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis (genus): Gnypetoscincus gen. nov. a monotypic genus confined to north eastern Queensland where it inhabits relict tropical rainforest. Distinguished from all other Australian skinks by having the following combination of characters; pentadactyl limbs; dorsal and lateral scales with a high keel including those of throat and ventrals; the strongly keeled dorsals give the appearance of a granular or tubercular appearance, but the ventrals have only low keels by comparison. The prefrontals are small and divided by a distinctive azygous shield; five supraoculars; the frontal may be complete or divided anteriorly to form 3 shields, the post mental is in contact with 2 infralabials; preanals greatly enlarged; live bearing; reaches 80 mm snout vent length; iris dark. This species lives in deeply shaded rainforest gullies where it shuns direct sunlight being most often found beneath rotting logs. This species rapidly succumbs to sudden changes in temperature indicating a very low preferred body temperature. A colour plate of Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae can be found in Swanson (1976) PI. 38 and in Cogger (1983) PI. 168.” (Wells & Wellington 1984: 96)|
|Comment||Habitat: rainforests, under and within rotting logs (Naylor, 1980; Cogger, 2000).|
Behavior: Individuals show strong site-fidelity (Sumner and Moritz, unpublished data, cited in Sumner et al.).
Vocalization: this species is one of the few skinks which produce sounds when captured (O’Connor 2003).
Limb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Brandley et al 2008)
Phylogenetics: Gnypetoscincus nests within Concinnia in studies by Skiner et al. 2013 and Torkkola et al. 2022, but the support for this placement is still too low for confident taxonomic changes.
Type species: Tropidophorus queenslandiae DE VIS 1890 is the type species of the genus Gnypetoscincus WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984: 96.
|Etymology||Named after the type locality.|
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