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Gonatodes daudini POWELL & HENDERSON, 2005

IUCN Red List - Gonatodes daudini - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymGonatodes daudini POWELL & HENDERSON 2005 
DistributionCaribbean: Union Island, St. Vincent, and the Grenadines

Type locality: Water Rock Reserve on the northern slope of Mt. Taboi above Chatham Bay (elevation ∼120 m), Union Island (12°35’N, 61°25’W), St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: KU 275717, University of Kansas Natural History Museum (original number: Milwaukee Public Museum Field Herpetology, MPM-FH 2307; male; collected by Mark de Silva and Matthew Harvey. 
CommentHabitat: remnant dry forest; the species appears to be terrestrial while most species of Gonatodes are arboricolous, with larger froms frequently found closer to the base of trees.

Diagnosis.—A very small Gonatodes with a pointed snout, a bright red-orange iris,
and 39-44 scales around midbody (>70 in all congenerics). Scales along mid-ventral line between anterior margin of the forelimbs and vent 34-38. Proximal subdigital lamellae as wide as digits, in total 18-22 under fourth toe. Two lateral rows of scales on distal portions of fingers and toes. Tail ventrally with two enlarged single midventral scales, each in contact with one latero-distal scale per side, followed by a divided mid-ventral in contact with two latero-distal scales per side. Males with three conspicuous pairs of dorsolateral white spots surrounded concentrically first by black and then by red. No other species of Gonatodes has comparably large body scales, small SVL, bright red-orange iris, or a body pattern consisting of three prominent dorsolateral pairs of ocelli [from POWELL & HENDERSON 2005].

Behavior: mainly diurnal 
References
  • Bentz, Ehren J.; Mel José Rivera Rodríguez, Rebecca R. John, Robert W. Henderson, and Robert Powell 2011. Population Densities, Activity, Microhabitats, and Thermal Biology of a Unique Crevice- and Litter-dwelling Assemblage of Reptiles on Union Island, St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (1): 40-50 - get paper here
  • Daudin, Jacques; de Silva, Mark. 2007. An annotated checklist of the amphibians and terrestrial reptiles of the Grenadines with notes on their local natural history and conservation. Applied Herpetology 4 (2):163-175 - get paper here
  • Hluschi, D. 2009. Gonatodes - die unbekannten Juwelen der Neotropis. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (78): 16-23 - get paper here
  • John, Rebecca R., Mel Jose Rivera Rodriguez, Ehren J. Bentz, Robert W. Henderson and Robert Powell. 2012. Gonatodes daudini. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (895): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert, and Robert W. Henderson 2005. A new species of Gonatodes (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the West Indies. Carib. J. Sci. 41 (4): 709-715
  • Rivas, Gilson A.; Gabriel N. Ugueto, Walter E. Schargel, Tito R. Barros, Pablo Velozo, and Luz Esther Sánchez 2013. A Distinctive New Species of Gonatodes (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) from Isla La Blanquilla, Venezuela, with Remarks on the Distribution of Some Other Caribbean Sphaerodactylid Lizards. South American J. Herp. 8 (1): 5-18.
  • Rivera Rodríguez, M. J., E. J. Bentz, R. R. John & R. Powell 2011. Intraspecific and intergeneric behavioural interactions of Sphaerodactylus kirbyi and Gonatodes daudini (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) on Union Island, St. Vincent and Grenadines. Salamandra 47 (1): 9-16 - get paper here
 
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