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Gonionotophis brussauxi (MOCQUARD, 1889)

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Lamprophiinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesGonionotophis brussauxi brussauxi (MOCQUARD 1889)
Gonionotophis brussauxi prigoginei LAURENT 1956 
Common NamesMocquard's African Ground Snake 
SynonymGonionotus brussauxi MOCQUARD 1889: 146
Gonionotus vossi BOETTGER 1892: 417 (fide MERTENS 1967)
Gonyonotus [sic] Brussauxi — BOULENGER 1891: 345
Gonionotophis brussauxi — BOULENGER 1893: 323
Gonionotophis vossi — BOULENGER 1893: 323
Goniotophis [sic] brussauxi — BROADLEY 1998
Gonionotophis brussauxi — PAUWELS et al. 2002
Gonionotophis brussauxi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 309 
DistributionCameroon, C/E Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Congo (Brazzaville), Gabon (Pauwels et al. 2006)

Type locality: Loudinia-Niari, Congo [francais] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: MNHN 1890.54 
CommentSynonymy: Not listed in SCHMIDT 1919. Gonionotophis brussauxi prigoginei fide Jirka Schmidt (pers. comm.). Heterolepis platycephala MATSCHIE 1893 was mentioned in a previous edition of this database but turned out to be an unpublished label name (J. Hallermann, pers. comm., 8 Nov 2016).

Distribution: Has been erroneously listed for Benin but does not occur there (Hughes 2013).

Type species: Gonionotus brussauxi MOCQUARD 1889 is the type species of the genus Gonionotophis BOULENGER 1893. Gonionotophis is a substitute name for Gonionotus which is pre-occupied by Gonionotus GRAY 1846 (snakes) and Gonionotus MARSHALL 1868 (hemiptera). Simocephalus GÜNTHER 1858 is pre-occupied by Simocephalus SCHOEDLER 1858 (crustacea). According to other sources Heterolepis capensis SMITH 1847: 55 is the type species of the genus Gonionotophis CSiKI 1903.

Diagnosis (genus): A distinctive African genuswidely distributed in sub-Saharan regions, diagnosed by the fol-lowing combination of characters: body sub-triangular (formerMehelya) or roughly cylindrical, moderately to markedly elongated,and tail moderate to long; head moderate, broad and substantiallyflattened, sharply distinct from neck; snout broadly rounded;nostril enlarged; eye moderate to small, very heavily pigmented,with vertically elliptical or sub-circular pupil; midbody scale rows15–21, vertebral row enlarged and bicarinate; dorsal scalesstrongly keeled (smooth in stenophthalmus), without apical pits; ventrals 147–268, lateral keel present (former Mehelya) or absent; subcaudals paired, 36–124; anal entire; two distinct maxillary con- ditions: (1, former Mehelya) maxilla with 6–10 teeth increasing in size posteriorly, followed after a short diastema by 11–26 smaller, subequal teeth; (2) maxilla with 24–38 teeth, slightly longer anteriorly, diastema absent; hemipenis minimally to very deeply forked, variable morphology; sulcus centrifugal and divided (Loveridge, 1939; Bogert, 1940; Broadley, 1990; Branch, 1998; Chippaux, 2001). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1891. Remarks on the genus Heterolepis, Smith. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 8: 344-346 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Carlino, P. & Pauwels, O.S.G. 2015. An Updated Reptile List of Ivindo National Park, the Herpetofaunal Hotspot of Gabon. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 50(3): 25-39 - get paper here
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Hallermann, J. 2007. The status of problematic snake types of the Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (Reptilia, Serpentes). Mitt. Mus. Nat.kd. Berl., Zool. Reihe 83 (2): 160–165
  • Hughes, B. 1983. African snake faunas. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 34: 311-356 - get paper here
  • Lawson, Dwight P. 1993. The reptiles and amphibians of the Korup National Park Project, Cameroon. Herpetological Natural History 1 (2): 27-90
  • Mocquard, M.F. 1889. Sur une collection de reptiles du Congo. Bull. Soc. Philomath. Paris (8) 1: 145-148 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G. & Vande weghe, J.P. 2008. Les reptiles du Gabon. Smithsonian Institution, Washington: 272 pp. - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; Christy, P. & honorez, A. 2006. Reptiles and National Parks in Gabon, Western Central Africa. Hamadryad 30 (1-2): 181-196
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; Kamdem Toham, A. & Chimsunchart, C. 2002. Recherches sur l’herpétofaune du Massif du Chaillu, Gabon. Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique (Biologie) 72: 47-57 - get paper here
  • Perret, J.L. 1961. Études herpétologiques africaines III. 1. La faune ophidienne de la région camerounaise. Bull. Soc. neuchâtel. Sci. nat., 84: 133-138
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Trape, J. F. 1985. Les serpents de la region de Dimonika (Mayombe, Republique Popilaire du Congo. Revue de zoologie africaine 99 (2): 135-140
  • Trape, J.F. & R. ROUX-ESTÈVE 1995. Les serpents du Congo: liste commentée et clé de détermination. Journal of African Zoology 109 (1): 31-50
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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