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Goniurosaurus kadoorieorum YANG & CHAN, 2015

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Higher TaxaEublepharidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesKadoories’ Cave Gecko 
SynonymGoniurosaurus kadoorieorum YANG & CHAN 2015 
DistributionChina (Guangxi)

Type locality: Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China; (exact locality withheld; available to qualified researchers upon request)  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. KFBG 14032, adult male. Collected on 18 May 2014 by J.H. Yang.
Paratypes: one adult male KFBG 14031; one adult female KFBG 14033; one sub-adult male KFBG 14034; one juvenile male KFBG 14035; data identical to the holotype. Coordinates and other standard collecting information were recorded for each type and kept in the KFBG herpetological collection catalog. 
CommentDiagnosis. Goniurosaurus kadoorieorum sp. nov. can be distinguished from other congeners by a combination of the following characters: relatively greater SVL (112.0–118.0 mm in adults); nuchal loop wide, posteriorly protracted; three wide nearly immaculate body bands between limbs insertions, bordered by wide dark bands anteriorly and posteriorly; ground color mottled in adults; dark brown spots on lateral belly; mental shield with a dark blotch; iris blood red in juvenile, orange red in sub-adult, and a remarkable olive green in adults; enlarged supraorbital tubercles present; axillary pockets deep; internasals two; eight or nine nasal scales surrounding naris; 47–55 eyelid fringe scales; 9–11 supralabials, nine infralabials; 124–132 midbody scale rows; 26–28 precloacal pores in males; claws sheathed by four scales, lateral two long and curved; one or two postcloacal tubercles.

Comparison. Goniurosaurus kadoorieorum sp. nov. distinctly differs from all other known species of the genus Goniurosaurus by having an olive green iris in adults as opposed to an ivory, yellow, orange or blood-red iris.
It differs from the G. kuroiwae species group by having an enlarged row of supraorbital tubercles (versus absent in the kuroiwae group), having deep axillary pockets (versus absent in the kuroiwae group), having the nuchal loop posteriorly protracted and lying on the nape of the neck (versus nuchal loop round posteriorly and on the occiput in the kuroiwae group), having 26–28 precloacal pores (versus lacking precloacal pores in the kuroiwae group), having claws sheathed by four scales (versus claws unsheathed in the kuroiwae group) and a different coloration; it differs from the G. lichtenfelderi group (G. lichtenfelderi and G. hainanensis) by having an enlarged row of supraorbital tubercles (versus absent in the lichtenfelderi group), deep axillary pockets (versus no such pockets in the lichtenfelderi group), having the nuchal loop posteriorly protracted and lying on the nape of the neck (versus nuchal loop round posteriorly and on the occiput in the lichtenfelderi group), having three transverse bands between axilla and groin (versus two in the lichtenfelderi group) and a different coloration; it differs from G. yingdeensis and G. zhelongi by having the nuchal loop posteriorly protracted (versus round posteriorly in yingdeensis and zhelongi), having lateral scales of claw sheaths long and curved (versus short and conchoidal in yingdeensis and zhelongi), 26–28 precloacal pores (versus 10–13 precloacal pores in yingdeensis, 9 in zhelongi) and a different coloration.
By having a posteriorly protracted nuchal loop and deep axillary pockets, G. kadoorieorum sp. nov. can be placed in the G. luii species group (comprising G. araneus, G. bawanglingensis, G. catbaensis, G. huuliensis, G. liboensis and G. luii). G. kadoorieorum sp. nov. differs from these six species by having enlarged row of supraorbital tubercles (versus absent in bawanglingensis), tubercles between orbits present (versus absent in araneus, catbaensis and huuliensis), two internasals (versus internasal one in huuliensis, lacking in catbaensis); granular scales of upper eyelid equal in size to those on the top of head (versus one-half the size in araneus and luii); 26–28 precloacal pores (versus 18–23 in araneus, 37–46 in bawanglingensis, 16–21 in catbaensis, 23 in liboensis), infralabials and sublabials mottled (versus immaculate in araneus and bawanglingensis), dark spot on mental scale present (versus absent in araneus, bawanglingensis and liboensis), body bands much wider (versus relatively narrow in bawanglingensis, catbaensis, huuliensis, liboensis and luii), body bands nearly immaculate (versus mottled with dark spotting in bawanglingensis), adult ground color mottled (versus nearly immaculate in araneus), lateral spotting on belly present (versus absent in araneus, bawanglingensis and liboensis), and a remarkable olive green iris in adults (versus orange, brown or red in these six species). 
EtymologyThe new species, “kadoorieorum”, is named in honour of the Kadoorie brothers, Sir Horace and Lord Lawrence, from Hong Kong, for their life-long support to biodiversity research and conservation in the region. 
References
  • YANG, JIAN-HUAN & BOSCO PUI-LOK CHAN 2015. Two new species of the genus Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Sauria: Eublepharidae) from southern China. Zootaxa 3980 (1): 067–080 - get paper here
 
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