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Gonyosoma prasinum (BLYTH, 1854)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Green Trinket Snake, Green Bush Rat Snake, Green Ratsnake
G: Grüne Strauchnatter, Grüne Spitzkopfnatter 
SynonymColuber prasinus BLYTH 1854: 291
Gonyosoma gramineum GÜNTHER 1864 (fide SMITH 1943)
Coluber prasinus — BOULENGER 1894: 59
Elaphe prasina — SMITH 1930
Elaphe prasina — SMITH 1943
Elaphe prasina — TWEEDIE 1950
Elaphe prasina — GRANDISON 1978: 288
Gonyosoma prasina — MCDOWELL & JENNER 1988
Elaphe prasina — SCHULZ 1996: 201
Gonyosoma prasina - DAS 1997
Elaphe prasina — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 344
Elaphe prasina — COX et al. 1998: 53
Gonyosoma prasinum — DAVID et al. 2004
Gonyosoma prasinum — UTIGER et al. 2005
Elaphe prasina — ZHAO 2006
Gonyosoma prasinum — ZIEGLER et al. 2007
Elaphe prasina — DAS & YAAKOB 2007
Rhadinophis prasina — BURBRINK 2007
Elaphe prasina — STUART & HEATWOLE 2008
Gonyosoma prasinum — SANG et al. 2009
Rhadinophis prasina — ZAHER et al. 2012
Rhadinophis prasinus — DAS 2012
Rhynchophis prasinus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 640
Gonyosoma prasinum — CHEN et al. 2014
Gonyosoma prasina — CHAN-ARD et al. 2015: 168 
DistributionIndia (Darjeeling, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh (Namdapha – Changlang district) [A. Captain, pers. comm.] ),
Myanmar (= Burma), N Thailand, West Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam,
China (Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Hainan)

Type locality: Assam (India)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH, ZSI 7669 and 7671 (syntypes) 
CommentDistribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). Erroneously reported for the Andaman Islands (DAS 1999).

Behavior: diurnal.

Nomenclature: Rhadinophis is male and thus the name has to be “prasinus”. 
References
  • Blyth, EDWARD. 1855. Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little known [part 2]. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 23 (3): 287-302 [1854] - get paper here
  • Boilstone, Mark 1993. The colubrid snakes of Laos. Litteratura Serpentium 13 (3): 74-82
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Brachtel, N. 1995. Das Portrait: Elaphe prasina (Blyth). Sauria 17 (1): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Burbrink, Frank T. and Robin Lawson 2007. How and when did Old World ratsnakes disperse into the New World?. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43 (1): 173-189 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Chen, Xin; Alexander d. Mckelvy, L. Lee Grismer, Masafumi Matsui, Kanto Nishikawa, Frank T. Burbrink 2014. The phylogenetic position and taxonomic status of the Rainbow Tree Snake Gonyophis margaritatus (Peters, 1871) (Squamata: Colubridae). Zootaxa 3881 (6): 532–548 - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, I. 1999. Biogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. In: Ota,H. (ed) Tropical Island herpetofauna..., Elsevier, pp. 43-77 - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • DAVID, Patrick; MEREL J. COX, OLIVIER S. G. PAUWELS, LAWAN CHANHOME AND KUMTHORN THIRAKHUPT 2004. Book Review - When a bookreview is not sufficient to say all: an in-depth analysis of a recent book on the snakes of Thailand, with an updated checklist of the snakes of the Kingdom. The Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 4(1): 47-80 - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Grandison, A. G. C. 1978. Snakes of West Malaysia and Singapore. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 81 [1977]: 283-303 - get paper here
  • Grossmann, W. 2002. Elaphe prasina (BLYTH). Sauria (Suppl.) 24 (3): 573-576 - get paper here
  • GUMPRECHT, A. 2006. Kurzmitteilung: Gonyosoma prasinum, Grüne Strauchnatter. Sauria 28 (1): 53 - get paper here
  • Hecht, Vera L.; Cuong T. Pham, Tao T. Nguyen, Truong Q. Nguyen, Michael Bonkowski & Thomas Ziegler 2013. First report on the herpetofauna of Tay Yen Tu Nature Reserve, northeastern Vietnam. Biodiversity Journal 4 (4): 507–552
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; Dorz, B. & Vogel, G. 2006. Elaphe prasina (BLYTH 1854) in Thailand. Elaphe 14 (4): 62 - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Schulz, K. D. 1996. Eine Monographie der Schlangengattung Elaphe Fitzinger. Bushmaster, Berg (CH): 1-460
  • Schulz, K.D. & Grossmann, W. 2000. Pflege und Zucht von Elaphe prasina (BLYTH 1854). Sauria 22 (2): 31-36 - get paper here
  • SCHULZ, Klaus-Dieter 1991. Die hinterasiatischen Kletternattem der Gattung Elaphe Teil XX Elaphe prasina (BLYTH 1854) und Elaphe frenata (GRAY 1853). Sauria 13 (2): 15-17 - get paper here
  • Schulz, Klaus-Dieter 1996. A monograph of the colubrid snakes of the genus Elaphe Fitzinger. Koeltz Scientific Books, 439 pp.
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Stuart, B.L. & Heatwole, H. 2008. Country records of snakes from Laos. Hamadryad 33: 97–106 - get paper here
  • Tweedie, M.W.F. 1950. Notes on Malayan reptiles, No.2. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 23: 191-199
  • Tweedie,M.W.F. 1940. Notes on Malayan reptiles. Bull. Raffles Mus., Singapore 16: 83-87
  • Utiger, U.; Schatti, B. & Helfenberger, N. 2005. The oriental colubrine genus Coelognathus FITZINGER, 1843 and classification of old and new world racers and ratsnakes (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae, Colubrinae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 12 (1): 39-60 - get paper here
  • Utiger, Urs, Notker Helfenberger, Beat Schätti, Catherine Schmidt, Markus Ruf and Vincent Ziswiler 2002. Molecular systematics and phylogeny of Old World and New World ratsnakes, Elaphe Auct., and related genera (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Whitaker, Romulus<br />and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
  • WU Guang-ju, WU Tong-he, ZHU Jie, XIAO Li 2002. A new record of snake in Sichuan - Elaphe prasina. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 21 (2)
  • Zaher, Hussam; feliPe g. graZZiotin, roberta graboski, ricardo g. fuentes Paola sáncheZ-martineZ giovanna g. montingelli ya-Ping Zhang, robert W. murPhy 2012. Phylogenetic relationships of the genus Sibynophis (Serpentes: Colubroidea). Pap. Avuls. Zool. 52 (12): 141-149 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • ZIEGLER, THOMAS; RALF HENDRIX, VU NGOC THANH, MARTINA VOGT, BERNHARD FORSTER & DANG NGOC KIEN 2007. The diversity of a snake community in a karst forest ecosystem in the central Truong Son, Vietnam, with an identification key. Zootaxa 1493: 1-40 - get paper here
 
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