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Gowidon longirostris BOULENGER, 1883

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLong-snouted Lashtail, Long-nosed Water Dragon 
SynonymLophognathus longirostris BOULENGER 1883: 225
Physignathus longirostris — BOULENGER 1885: 397
Physignathus eraduensis WERNER 1909: 275
Physignathus longirostris quattuorfasciatus STERNFELD 1924: 236
Gemmatophora longirostris — STORR 1983
Lophognathus longirostris — COGGER 1983
Gowidon longirostris — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 17
Gowidon quattuorfasciatus — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 17
Amphibolurus longirostris — EHMANN 1992
Amphibolurus longirostris — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 23
Lophognathus longirostris — MACEY et al. 2000
Lophognathus longirostris — COGGER 2000: 341
Amphibolurus longirostris — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 350
Gowidon longirostris — MELVILLE et al. 2011
Gowidon longirostris — WILSON 2012
Gowidon longirostris — WILSON & SWAN 2013: 408
Gowidon longirostris — COGGER 2014: 740
Gowidon longirostris — MELVILLE et al. 2018 
DistributionAustralia (C/S Northern Territory, WC Queensland, N South Australia,Western Australia north to Fitzroy River and south to the rim of the Great victoria Desert and the Murchison River)

Type locality: Champion Bay, W. A.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.8.28.73, designated by Wells & Wellington 1985; Syntypes: BMNH 1946.8.12.64-65 (Nickol Bay), BMNH 1946.8.28.73 (Champion Bay); original description cites Champion Bay, W. A. but two syntypes from Nickol Bay, W. A. (fide COGGER 1983)
Holotype: status unknown, from Eradu, W. A. [eraduensis]
Lectotype: SMF 10366, from Hermannsburg Misson, N. T., designated by MERTENS 1967 [Physignathus longirostris quattuorfasciatus] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus). A monotypic genus consisting of a large agamid lizard in the subfamily Amphibolurinae with exposed tympanum, gular scales smooth to weakly keeled, ventral scales smooth to weakly keeled. Long-limbed, very long tail, long snout and distinct nuchal crest. Head narrow and shallow in depth compared with length of snout. Dorsal scales uniform, with keels converging posteriorly toward midline. Prominent pale dorsolateral stripes and pale stripe along lower jaw. One to three small white spots on a black background positioned directly posterior to the ear. Preanal pores 4–7; femoral pores range 11–22 (MELVILLE et al. 2018: 51) 
CommentType species: Lophognathus longirostris BOULENGER 1883: 225 is the type species of the genus Gowidon WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985 (1984). 
Etymology 
References
  • Baehr, M. 1976. Beobachtung zur bipeden Fortbewegung bei der australischen Agame Physignathus longirostris. Stuttg. Beitr. Naturk. Staatl. Mus. Naturk., Ser. A, Biologie (291): 1-7 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1883. Remarks on the lizards of the genus Lophognathus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 12: 225-226 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Houston, T. F. 1978. Dragon Lizards and Goannas of South Australia. Adelaide: South Australian Museum 84 pp.
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Melville, J.; E.G. Ritchie; S.N.J. Chapple, R.E. Glor, J.A. Schulte II 2011. Evolutionary origins and diversification of dragon lizards in Australia’s tropical savannas. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58: 257–270 - get paper here
  • MELVILLE, JANE; EUAN G. RITCHIE, STEPHANIE N.J. CHAPPLE, RICHARD E. GLOR AND JAMES A. SCHULTE 2018. Diversity in Australia’s tropical savannas: An integrative taxonomic revision of agamid lizards from the genera Amphibolurus and Lophognathus (Lacertilia: Agamidae). Memoirs of Museum Victoria 77: 41–61 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1967. Die herpetologische Sektion des Natur-Museums und Forschungs-Institutes Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main nebst einem Verzeichnis ihrer Typen. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 1-106 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Inner-Australiens. Abhandlungen Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 38: 221—251
  • Storr, G. M. 1974. Agamid lizards of the genera Caimanops, Physignathus and Diporiphora in Western Australia and Northern Territory. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 3: 121-146 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1909. Reptilia exkl. Geckonidae und Scincidae. In: Michaelsen, W., and R. Hartmeyer. Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Vol. 2., pp. 263-270. G. Fischer, Wien.
  • Werning, H. 2002. Wasseragamen und Segelechsen. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 127 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (4): 17] - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2004. Bibliographie der Gattungen Physignathus, Lophognathus und Hydrosaurus. Iguana Rundschreiben 17 (2): 18-31
  • Werning,H. 1995. Wasseragamen [water dragons]. Terrarien Bibliothek, Heselhaus & Schmidt Verlag, Münster [ISBN 3-9801853-9-7]
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Wilson, Stephen K. 2012. Australian Lizards - A natural History. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, 196 pp.
 
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