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Gowidon temporalis (GÜNTHER, 1867)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSwamplands Lashtail, Northern Water Dragon
G: Papua-Wasserdrachen 
SynonymGrammathophora temporalis GÜNTHER 1867 (part.)
Lophognathus lateralis MACLEAY 1877: 103
Lophognathus labialis BOULENGER 1883: 225
Physignathus temporalis — BOULENGER 1885: 397
Physignathus temporalis — DE ROOIJ 1915: 131
Gemmatophora temporalis — STORR 1983
Lophognathus temporalis — COGGER 1983
Amphibolurus temporalis — EHMANN 1992
Lophognathus temporalis — COGGER 2000: 342
Amphibolurus temporalis — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 352
Lophognathus temporalis — MELVILLE et al. 2011
Gowidon temporalis — WILSON & SWAN 2013: 408
Gowidon temporalis — COGGER 2014: 740 
DistributionIndonesia (Irian Jaya),
New Guinea,
Australia (N Northern Territory, Queensland ?, extreme NE Western Australia)

Type locality: Port Essington, N. T. (by lectotype designation)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.8.28.72, paralectotype BMNH 1946.8.12.63, designated by Cogger 1983, from Port Essington, N. T. and Nickol Bay, W. A. but restricted to Port Essington by lectotype designation.
Holotype: AM R31882, from Mawatta, Binaturi River (as Katow), Papua New Guinea [Lophognathus lateralis]
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.8.12.72, BMNH 1946.8.12.63, from Port Essington, N. T. [Lophognathus labialis] 
Diagnosis 
CommentIllustration in BARTS & WILMS 2003.

Synonymy: Lophognathus lateralis is listed under Physignathus by BOULENGER (1885) but considered as doubtful. The phylogenetic analysis of Melville et al. 2011 concluded that “L. temporalis awaits taxonomic revision”, but it is clearly more closely related to Pogana than to Gowidon / Lophognathus longirostris. The name change by WILSON & SWAN 2013 thus appears a bit premature. 
Etymology 
References
  • Barts, M. & Wilms, T. 2003. Die Agamen der Welt. Draco 4 (14): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Blamires, Sean J. & Keith A. Christian 1999. Seasonal water loss of the lizard Lophognathus temporalis in the wet-dry tropics of northern Australia. Amphibia-Reptilia 20 (2): 211-215 - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1883. Remarks on the lizards of the genus Lophognathus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 12: 225-226 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • Günther, A. 1867. Additions to the knowledge of Australian reptiles and fishes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 20: 45-57 - get paper here
  • Günther, R. & Kapisa, M. 2003. Allochtone Populationen der Kragenechse, Chlamydosaurus kingii GRAY, 1825, und des Papua-Wasserdrachens, Lophognathus temporalis (GÜNTHER, 1867), auf der Insel Biak. Sauria 25 (2): 31-35 - get paper here
  • Iglesias, Sebastian; Chris Tracy, Gavin Bedford, and Keith Christian 2012. Habitat Differences in Body Size and Shape of the Australian Agamid Lizard, Lophognathus temporalis. Journal of Herpetology 46 (3): 297-303 - get paper here
  • Macleay, W. 1877. The lizards of the Chevert Expedition. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 2: 60-69; 97-104 - get paper here
  • Melville, J.; E.G. Ritchie; S.N.J. Chapple, R.E. Glor, J.A. Schulte II 2011. Evolutionary origins and diversification of dragon lizards in Australia’s tropical savannas. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58: 257–270 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1974. Agamid lizards of the genera Caimanops, Physignathus and Diporiphora in Western Australia and Northern Territory. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 3: 121-146 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2002. Wasseragamen und Segelechsen. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 127 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (4): 17] - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2004. Bibliographie der Gattungen Physignathus, Lophognathus und Hydrosaurus. Iguana Rundschreiben 17 (2): 18-31
  • Werning,H. 1995. Wasseragamen [water dragons]. Terrarien Bibliothek, Heselhaus & Schmidt Verlag, Münster [ISBN 3-9801853-9-7]
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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