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Graptemys geographica (LE SUEUR, 1817)

IUCN Red List - Graptemys geographica - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaEmydidae, Deirochelyinae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCommon Map Turtle, Northern Map Turtle 
SynonymTestudo geographica LE SUEUR 1817: 86
Emys lesueuri GRAY 1831
Emys geographica — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 258
Emys Geographica — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 225
Graptemys geographica — AGASSIZ 1857
Malacoclemmys geographica — BOULENGER 1889
Graptemys geographica — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 57
Graptemys geographica — CROTHER 2000
Graptemys geographica — RHODIN et al. 2010 
DistributionCanada (S Quebec, S Ontario),
USA (Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, NW Vermont, New York, Pennsylvania (Susquehanna River drainage of Pennsylvania), Ohio, W West Virginia, W Virginia, Tennessee, NW Georgia, N Alabama, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, E Minnesota, E Iowa, Missouri, E Kansas, NE Oklahoma, Arkansas, S Wisconsin, Maryland, Delaware River)

Type locality: restricted to the “peninsula of Presque Isle and adjacent Presque Isle Bay in Erie County, Pennsylvania” by Lindeman 2009.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesLectotype: Iconotype, drawn specimen by Le SUEUR 
Diagnosis 
CommentDiet: omnivore.

Type species: Testudo geographica LE SUEUR 1817: 86 is the type species of the genus Graptemys AGASSIZ 1857: 436.

Phylogeny: for a phylogeny of the genus see Thomson et al. 2018.

Habitat: freshwater (lakes, rivers) 
EtymologyThe genus name means “inscribed turtle”; probably referring to the carapacial pattern. Similarly, the species was named after the carapacial pattern resembling contour lines on a map. 
References
  • Angley, James R. and Buhlmann, Kurt A. 2017. Graptemys geographica (Northern Map Turtle) Colonization Herpetological Review 48 (1): 175-177 - get paper here
  • Anton, Thomas G., Cavataio, Joseph T. and Mills, Douglas 2016. New amphibian and reptile records from Illinois, USA Herpetological Review 47 (4): 638
  • Berry, G. 2018. Geographic Distribution: Graptemys geographica (Northern Map Turtle). Herpetological Review 49 (1): 72.
  • Bolek, Matthew G. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Graptemys geographica. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 94 - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Brown, Grover 2016. Geographic Distribution: Graptemys geographica (Northern Map Turtle) Herpetological Review 47 (4): 625
  • Bulté, Grégory; Ryan R. Germain, Constance M. O'Connor, and Gabriel Blouin-Demers 2013. Sexual Dichromatism in the Northern Map Turtle, Graptemys geographica. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Jul 2013, Vol. 12, No. 1: 187-192. - get paper here
  • Butterfield, Brian P., Lisa M. Raine and M. Rachel Hobgood. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Graptemys geographica (northern map turtle). Herpetological Review 45 (3): 460
  • Cagle, Fred R. 1954. Two new species of the genus Graptemys. Tulane Studies in Zoology 1 (11): 165-186 - get paper here
  • Casper, Gary S. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Graptemys geographica. Herpetological Review 28 (1): 49 - get paper here
  • Conant, Roger 1938. The Reptiles of Ohio. American Midland Naturalist 20 (1): 1-200 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
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  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
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  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
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  • Garman, H. 1890. The Differences Between the Geographic Turtles (Malacoclemmys geographicus and M. lesueuri.). Bull. Essex Institute 22: 70-83
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  • Lechowicz, Christopher. 2008. Tour d'horizon de l'histoire naturelle, la taxonomie, la préservation et les problémes actuels des tortues géographiques du genre Graptemys (Agassiz, 1857). Chéloniens 11:30-45
  • Lindeman, P.V. 2009. ON THE TYPE LOCALITY AND TYPE SPECIMEN OF TESTUDO GEOGRAPHICA LESUEUR 1817. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 8(1): 95-98
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  • Lindeman, Peter V. 2017. Graptemys geographica (Northern Map Turtle) Epibiont Herpetological Review 48 (1): 177-178 - get paper here
  • Lindeman, Peter V. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Graptemys geographica (Common Map Turtle) Herpetological Review 48 (1): 122 - get paper here
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  • Nagle, Roy D. and Justin D. Congdon 2016. Reproductive Ecology of Graptemys geographica of the Juniata River in Central Pennsylvania, with <br />Recommendations for Conservation. Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (1) - get paper here
  • Nagle, Roy D.; Christopher L. Rowe, Christopher J. Grant, Emma R. Sebastian, and Benjamin E. Martin 2017. Abnormal Shell Shapes in Northern Map Turtles of the Juniata River, Pennsylvania, USA Journal of Herpetology Mar 2018, Vol. 52, No. 1: 59-66. - get paper here
  • Ouellette, Mathieu and Jeffrey A. Cardille 2011. The Complex Linear Home Range Estimator: Representing the Home Range of River Turtles Moving in Multiple Channels. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2011, Vol. 10, No. 2: 259-265. - get paper here
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  • Vogt, R.C.; Bulté, G. & Iverson, J.B. 2018. Graptemys geographica (LeSueur 1817) – Northern Map Turtle, Common Map Turtle. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Buhlmann, K.A., Pritchard, P.C.H., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoise Chelonian Research Monographs 5(11):104.1–18 - get paper here
 
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