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Gymnodactylus darwinii (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCubinia darwinii GRAY 1845: 274
Gymnodactylus girardi STEINDACHNER 1869: 15 (fide VANZOLINI 1953)
Gonatodes helgae AMARAL 1950: 281 (fide VANZOLINI 1953: 73)
Gymnodactylus geckoides darwinii — VANZOLINI 1953
Gymnodactylus geckoides darwinii — WERMUTH 1965: 53
Gymnodactylus darwinii — VANZOLINI 1982
Gymnodactylus darwinii — KLUGE 1993
Gymnodactylus darwinii — RÖSLER 2000: 84
Gymnodactylus geckoides darwinii — VANZOLINI 2004
Gymnodactylus darwinii — CASSIMIRO & RODRIGUES 2009 
DistributionE Brazil (coastal forest from Pernambuco to Sao Paulo; Atlantic Rain Forest, from northeastern São Paulo state to the northern limits of the Atlantic Rain Forest in Rio Grande do Norte, Espírito Santo)

Type locality: Bahia (now Salvador) and Rio de Janeiro.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 
CommentThe types were collected by Darwin or his fellow travellers on his voyage of the Beagle.

Gymnodactylus girardi and G. darwinii have been synonymized with G. geckoides by BOULENGER 1885: 39

Description (after VANZOLINI 2004): Rows of dorsal tubercles, 12-16; tubercles in a paramedian row, 64-78; ventrals, 13-16; lamellae, 12-16; dorsum brownwith more or less distinct marblings; a black U-shaped nuchal band from eye to eye; distribution, eastern Brazil from Espírito Santo to S. Paulo. 
References
  • Almeida-Gomes, Mauricio; DAVOR VRCIBRADIC, CARLA C. SIQUEIRA, MARA C. KIEFER, THAÍS KLAION, PATRÍCIA ALMEIDA-SANTOS, DENISE NASCIMENTO, CRISTINA V. ARIANI, VITOR N.T. BORGES-JUNIOR,<br />RICARDO F. FREITAS-FILHO, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS and CARLOS F.D. R 2008. Herpetofauna of an Atlantic rainforest area (Morro São João) in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 80(2): 291-300
  • Amaral, A. do. 1950. Two new South American lizards. Copeia 1950 (4): 281—284. - get paper here
  • Aximoff, Izar and Simone Carvalho. 2016. Gymnodactylus darwinii (Darwin's Gecko) Predation. Herpetological Review 47 (2): 298
  • CASSIMIRO, JOSÉ & MIGUEL T. RODRIGUES. 2009. A new species of lizard genus Gymnodactylus Spix, 1825 (Squamata: Gekkota: Phyllodactylidae) from Serra do Sincorá, northeastern Brazil, and the status of G. carvalhoi Vanzolini, 2005. Zootaxa 2008: 38-52 - get paper here
  • Cassimiro, José and Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues. 2010. Gymnodactylus darwinii: Communal Oviposition. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 355 - get paper here
  • Couto-Ferreira, Danilo; Moacir Santos Tinôco, Magno Lima Travassos de Oliveira, Henrique Colombini Browne-Ribeiro, Cecil Pergentino Fazolato, Ricardo Marques da Silva, Gilvana Santos Barreto & Marcelo Alves Dias 2011. Restinga lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) at the Imbassaí Preserve on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3 (8): 1990–2000 - get paper here
  • Freire, Eliza Maria Xavier 1998. Diferenciao geografica em Gymnodactylus darwinii (Gray, 1845) (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia 40 (20): 311-322
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Nascimento de Oliveira, Camila; Sérgio Luiz da Silva Muniz, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2016. Reptiles of an urban Atlantic Rainforest fragment in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 9: 175-183 - get paper here
  • Oliveira Lula Salles, R. de & Silva-Soares, T. 2010. Répteis do município de Duque de Caxias, Baixada Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro, Sudeste do Brasil. Biotemas, 23 (2): 135-144
  • Oliveira Lula Salles, R. de; Weber, L.N. & Silva-Soares, T. 2010. Reptiles, Squamata, Parque Natural Municipal da Taquara, municipality of Duque de Caxias, state of Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil. Check List 6 (2): 280-286 - get paper here
  • Pellegrino, K.C.M. et al. 2009. Chromosomal Evolution in the Brazilian Geckos of the Genus Gymnodactylus (Squamata, Phyllodactylidae) from the Biomes of Cerrado, Caatinga and Atlantic Rain Forest: Evidence of Robertsonian Fusion Events and Supernumerary Chromosomes. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 191-203
  • PELLEGRINO, KATIA C. M., RODRIGUES, MIGUEL T., WAITE, AARON N., MORANDO, MARIANA, YASSUDA, YATIYO Y. & SITES, JACK W. 2005. Phylogeography and species limits in the Gymnodactylus darwinii complex (Gekkonidae, Squamata): genetic structure coincides with river systems in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 85 (1): 13-26 [kpelleg@hotmail.com] - get paper here
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Silva-Soares, T.; R.B. Ferreira; R.O.L. Salles; C.F.D. Rocha. 2011. Continental, insular and coastal marine reptiles from the municipality of Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 290-298 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Vanzolini P E 1982. A new Gymnodactylus from Minas Gerais, Brasil, with remarks on the genus on the area and on the montane endemisms in Brasil (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 34(29) 1982: 403-413
  • Vanzolini, P. E. 1953. "Sobre a diferenciação geografica de Gymnodactylus geckoides (Sauria, Gekkonidae)" and "Sobre a Presença do genero Lepidoblepharis no Brasil (Sauria, Gekkonidae)". Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 11 (14/15): 225-270
  • Vanzolini, P.E. 1974. Ecological and geographical distribution of lizards in Pernambuco, northeastern Brasil (Sauria). Papeis Avulsos de Zool. 28(4): 61-90.
  • Vanzolini, P.E. 2004. On the geographical differentiation of Gymnodactylus geckoides Spix, 1825 (Sauria, Gekkonidae): speciation in the Brasilian caatingas. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. 76 (4):663–698 [http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php] - get paper here
  • Vrcibradic, D.; C.F.D. Rocha; M.C. Kiefer; F.H. Hatano; A.F. Fontes; M. Almeida-Gomes; C.C. Siqueira; J.A.L. Pontes; V.N.T. Borges-Junior; L.O. Gil; T. Klaion; E.C.N. Rubião; M. Sluys. 2011. Herpetofauna, Estação Ecológica Estadual do Paraíso, state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 745-749 - get paper here
 
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