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Gymnophthalmus cryptus HOOGMOED, COLE & AYARZAGUENA, 1992

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Gymnophthalmini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCryptic Spectacled Tegu 
SynonymGymnophthalmus cryptus HOOGMOED, COLE & AYARZAGUENA 1992
Gymnophthalmus cryptus — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999 
DistributionVenezuela (Territorio Federal Amazonas)

Type locality: Venezuela: Territorio Federal Amazonas, Departamento Atabapo, Canaripo, riverine forest 1.5 km SE of camp, 91 m elevation. This locality is along the Rio Ventuari, approximately 33 km ENE (upriver) from Santa Barbara, which is on the Rio Orinoco W (downriver) of the confluence with the Rio Ventuari. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: RMNH 22166 (field number 2249; one of 10 specimens), adult female, 30.V.1978,11:45 - 12:30 hrs, leg. M.S. Hoogmoed and J. Cerda.
Paratypes.— RMNH 22155-22165, 5 females, 6 males, Canaripo, 29.V.1978, 15:00 - 16:00 hrs,leg. M.S. Hoogmoed. RMNH 22167-22175, 6 males, 3 females, same data as the holotype. RMNH 22176-22188, 7 males, 6 females, Canaripo, E of camp, 31.V.1978,11:00 -14:00 hrs, leg. M.S. Hoogmoed and J. Cerda. 
Comment 
EtymologyThe Latin adjective cryptus is derived from the Greek kryptos, which means secret or hidden. 
References
  • Cole C J. DESSAUER H C. MARKEZICH A L. 1993. Missing Link Found: The Second Ancestor of Gymnophthalmus underwoodi (Squamata: Teiidae), A South American Unisexual Lizard of Hybrid Origin. American Museum Novitates (3055): 1-13. - get paper here
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Hoogmoed M S. COLE C J. AYARZAGUENA J. 1992. A NEW CRYPTIC SPECIES OF LIZARD SAURIA TEIIDAE GYMNOPHTHALMUS FROM VENEZUELA. Zool. Meded. 66 (1-15): 1-18. - get paper here
  • Kizirian, D. A. & Cole, C.J. 1999. Origin of the Unisexual Lizard Gymnophthalmus underwoodi (Gymnophthalmidae) Inferred from Mitochondrial DNA Nucleotide Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 11 (3): 394–400 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
 
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