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Gymnophthalmus lineatus (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Gymnophthalmus lineatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Gymnophthalmini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesG: Blauschwänziges Nacktauge 
SynonymLacerta lineata LINNAEUS 1758: 209
Lacerta quadrilineata LINNAEUS 1766: 371
Gymnophthalmus quadrilineatus — WIED 1824
Gymnophthalmus quadrilineatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 820
Gymnophthalmus quadrilineatus — GRAVENHORST 1851: 354
Gymnophthalmus nitidus REINHARDT & LÜTKEN 1863
Gymnophthalmus merremi BOULENGER 1885: 427
Gymnophthalmus lineatus - ANDERSSON 1900: 16
Gymnophthalmus lineatus — PETERS et al. 1970: 137
Gymnophthalmus lineatus — RODRIGUES 1991 
DistributionVenezuela (Las Aves Archipelago), Surinam, Dutch Leeward Islands.

Type locality: “Zeilona” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NRM
Holotype: ZMUC [nitidus] 
CommentDisribution: Erroneously reported from Brazil.

Synonymy that of PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970

Type species: Lacerta lineata LINNAEUS 1758 is the type species of the genus Gymnophthalmus MERREM 1820. For a definition of the genus (in Portuguese) see RODRIGUES 1991: 334.

Type genus: Gymnophthalmus MERREM 1820 is also the type genus of the family Gymnophthalmidae Fitzinger, 1826 and the superfamily Gymnophthalmoidea Fitzinger, 1826 (see GOICOECHEA et al. 2016).

Tribus: The Gymnophthalmini Fitzinger, 1826 (not Merrem 1820 fide Costa et al. 2016) include the genera Calyptommatus, Gymnophthalmus, Micrablepharus, Nothobachia, Procellosaurinus, Psilophthalmus, Scriptosaura, Tretioscincus, Vanzosaura (following Colli et al. 2015). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “linea”, meaning stripe or line. 
References
  • Andersson, L.G. 1900. Catalogue of Linnean type-specimens of Linnaeus's Reptilia in the Royal Museum in Stockholm. Bihang till Konglika Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens. Handlingar. Stockholm. (4) 26 (1): 1-29.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • COLLI, GUARINO R.; MARINUS S. HOOGMOED, DAVID C. CANNATELLA, JOSÉ CASSIMIRO, JERRIANE OLIVEIRA GOMES, JOSÉ MÁRIO GHELLERE, PEDRO M. SALES NUNES, KÁTIA C. M. PELLEGRINO, PATRICIA SALERNO, SERGIO MARQUES DE SOUZA & MIGUEL TREFAUT RODRIGUES 2015. Description and phylogenetic relationships of a new genus and two new species of lizards from Brazilian Amazonia, with nomenclatural comments on the taxonomy of Gymnophthalmidae (Reptilia: Squamata) Zootaxa 4000 (4): 401–427 - get paper here
  • COSTA, HENRIQUE C.; PAULO C.A. GARCIA & HUSSAM ZAHER 2016. The correct authorship and date of lizard names Teiinae, Tupinambinae, and Gymnophthalmidae Zootaxa 4132 (2): 295–300
  • Cunha, O.R. da 1961. Lacertilios da Amazonia, II. Os lagartos da Amazonia brasileira, com especial referencia aos representados na colecao do Museu Goeldi. Bol. Mus. Par. E. Goeldi, Zool. 39: 1-189
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Goicoechea, N., Frost, D. R., De la Riva, I., Pellegrino, K. C. M., Sites, J., Rodrigues, M. T. and Padial, J. M. 2016. Molecular systematics of teioid lizards (Teioidea/Gymnophthalmoidea: Squamata) based on the analysis of 48 loci under tree-alignment and similarity-alignment. Cladistics, doi: 10.1111/cla.12150 - get paper here
  • Gravenhorst, J. L. C. 1851. Über die im Zoologischen Museum der Universität Breslau Befindlichen Wirtelschleichen (Pseudosaura), Krüppelfüssler (Brachypoda), und einige andere, Denselben verwandte Reptilien aus den Zünften der Schleichen und Dickzüngler [Euprepes striolatus]. Acta Acad. Caes. Leop. Carol. Nat. Cur. 23 (1): 291-394 [1847] - get paper here
  • Hummelinck, P. W. 1940. Studies on the fauna of Curacao, Aruba, Bonaire and the Venezuelan Islands: No. 2. A survey of the mammals, lizards and mollusks. ['Gymnophthalmus laevicaudus: 80]. Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands. 1:59—108
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Linné, C. von [= Linnaeus, C.] 1766. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio duodecima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm, Holmiae. 1-532 pp. - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M. T. 1991. Herpetofauna das dunas interiores do Rio Sào Francisco, Bahia, Brazil. III. Procellosaurinus: um novo genero de microteiideos sem palpebra, com a redefinicao do genero Gymnophthalmus (Sauria, Teiidae). Papéis Avulsos Zoology (Sao Paulo) 37 (21): 329-342
  • Thireau, Michel;Sprackland, Robert George; Sprackland, Teri 1998. A report on Seba's specimens in the herpetological collection of the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, and their status as Linnaean types. The Linnean 13 (4): 38-45 - get paper here
  • Ugueto, G.N.; P. Velozo; L.E. Sanchez; L.A.B. Villapol; O. Lasso-Alcalá; T.R. Barros; G.A. Rivas. 2013. Noteworthy new records of squamate reptiles (Reptilia: Squamata) from various Venezuelan Caribbean islands, including a new addition to the herpetofauna of Venezuela. Check List 9 (5): 1075-1080 - get paper here
  • Wied-Neuwied, M. 1824. Verzeichniss der Amphibien, welche im zweyten Bande der Naturgeschichte Brasiliens vom Prinz Max von Neuwied werden beschrieben werden. Isis von Oken 14: 661—673 [columns] - get paper here
 
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