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Haitiophis anomalus (PETERS, 1863)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Alsophiini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesHispaniola Racer 
SynonymZamenis anomalus PETERS 1863: 282
Dromicus (Alsophis) anomalus — FISCHER 1888: 37
Dromicus anomalus — BOULENGER 1894: 125
Alsophis anomalus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 565
Alsophis anomalus — CROTHER 1999
Alsophis anomalus — POWELL et al. 1999
Ocyophis anomalus — ZAHER et al. 2009
Haitiophis anomalus — HEDGES et al. 2009
Caraiba anomala — WALLACH et al. 2014: 149
Haitiophis anomalus — KRYSKO et al. 2015 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti, W Dominican Republic), Ile de la Tortue, Isla Beata

Type locality: “unbekannt”  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 2269 
CommentType species: Zamenis anomalus PETERS 1863 is the type species of the genus Haitiophis HEDGES & VIDAL 2009.

This species can spread its neck, almost like a cobra.

Diet: anoles and other animals. 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): The generic name is derived from the Taino word Haiti (meaning high mountains) for the entire island now called Hispaniola and refers to the distribution of the genus. 
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Fischer, J.G. 1888. Über eine Kollektion Reptilien und Amphibien von Hayti. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 5: 23-45. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. Blair; Arnaud Couloux; Vidal, Nicolas 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of West Indian racer snakes of the Tribe Alsophiini (Squamata, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 2067: 1-28 - get paper here
  • KRYSKO, KENNETH L.; DAVID W. STEADMAN, LEROY P. NUÑEZ & DAVID S. LEE 2015. Molecular phylogeny of Caribbean dipsadid (Xenodontinae: Alsophiini) snakes, including identification of the first record from the Cay Sal Bank, The Bahamas Zootaxa 4028 (3): 441–450
  • Landestoy T, Miguel A. 2017. New localities and prey records for the Hispaniolan Brown Racer (Haitiophis anomalus), with comments on dorsal pattern variation. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 24 (2): 106–111 - get paper here
  • Peters, W. 1863. Über einige neue oder weniger bekannte Schlangenarten des zoologischen Museums zu Berlin. Monatsb. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1863: 272-289.
  • Powell, Robert ; Henderson, Robert W 1998. Alsophis anomalus (Peters) (Hispaniolan racer). Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 659: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert, José A. Ottenwalder, Sixto J. Incháustegui, Robert W. Henderson and Richard E. Glor. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of the Dominican Republic: Species of special concern. Oryx. 34 (2): 118-128
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, Richard; Henderson, Robert W.; Powell, Robert; Rodriquez, Pedro Genaro. 2007. Alsophis anomalus (Hispaniolan Brown Racer). Maximum size. Herpetological Review 38 (3): 338-339 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zaher, Hussam; Grazziotin, Felipe Gobbi; Cadle, John E.; Murphy, Robert W.; Moura-Leite, Julio Cesar de; Bonatto, Sandro L 2009. Molecular phylogeny of advanced snakes (Serpentes, Caenophidia) with an emphasis on South American Xenodontines: a revised classification and descriptions of new taxa. Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) 49 (11): 115-153 - get paper here
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