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Helicops scalaris JAN, 1865

IUCN Red List - Helicops scalaris - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLadder Keelback (Hoge's Keelback) 
SynonymHelicops scalaris JAN 1865: 250
Helicops scalaris — BOULENGER 1893: 279
Helicops hogei LANCINI 1964 (fide ROSSMAN
Helicops scalaris — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 125
Helicops hogei — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 124
Helicops hogei — KORNACKER 1999: 88
Helicops scalaris — KORNACKER 1999: 89
Helicops hogei — RIVAS et al. 2012
Helicops scalaris — RIVAS et al. 2012
Helicops scalaris — WALLACH et al. 2014: 323
Helicops hogei — NATERA-MUMAW et al. 2015: 181
Helicops scalaris — NATERA-MUMAW et al. 2015: 182 
DistributionVenezuela (Zulia), Colombia

hogei: Venezuela (TF Amazonas, Delta Amacuro); Type locality: Río Autana, Territorio Federal Amazonas, Venezuela.

Type locality: Venezuela. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous (Braz et al. 2016) 
TypesHolotype: MZUT, a 410 mm specimen. 
CommentSynonymy: RIVAS et al. 2012 recognize Helicops hogei as distinct, but note that “a reassessment of the species is suggested in order to support its validity (see Rossman 2002)”. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Braz, Henrique B.; Rodrigo R. Scartozzoni, Selma M. Almeida-Santos 2016. Reproductive modes of the South American water snakes: A study system for the evolution of viviparity in squamate reptiles Zoologischer Anzeiger 263: 33-44; doi:10.1016/j.jcz.2016.04.003 - get paper here
  • Costa, Henrique C.; Diego J. Santana, Fernando Leal, Ricardo Koroiva, and Paulo C.A. Garcia 2016. A New Species of Helicops (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Hydropsini) from Southeastern Brazil. Herpetologica Jun 2016, Vol. 72, No. 2: 157-166
  • Jan, G. 1865. Enumerazione sistematica degli ofidi appartenenti ai gruppo Potamophilidae. Archive per la Zoologia, l’Anatomia et la Fisiologia 3 (2): 201-265 - get paper here
  • Kawashita-Ribeiro, Ricardo Alexandre; Robson Waldemar Ávila, and Drausio Honorio Morais 2013. A New Snake of the Genus Helicops Wagler, 1830 (Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae) from Brazil. Herpetologica 69 (1): 80-90. - get paper here
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • Lancini,A.R. 1964. Publicaciones Ocasionales del Museo de Ciencias Naturales Venezuela, Caracas, 7: 2
  • Lancini,A.R. & Kornacker,P.M. 1989. Die Schlangen von Venezuela. Armitano Editores C.A., Caracas, 1-381
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rossman, D. 2002. Variation in the xenodontid water snake Helicops scalaris Jan, and the status of H. hogei Lancini. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science (78): 1-18. [Louisiana State University] - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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